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AHSGE Social Studies Standard I..

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1 AHSGE Social Studies Standard I.

2 What European movement resulted in exposure to Middle Eastern and Asian goods (after a failed attempt to take away the Holy Lands from Muslims?

3 Crusades

4 What European movement resulted in new art, technology, and a return to classical thought?

5 Renaissance

6 What European movement resulted in the rise of the protestant religion? 

7 Reformation

8 What terms are used to describe the exchange of goods between Europe and the Americas after Columbus's discovery?

9 Columbian Exchange

10 What were the Spanish explorers called who searched for "God, gold, and glory"? 

11 Conquistadors

12 What was the name of the first American settlement in 1665 by Europeans?

13 St. Augustine

14 What was the first successful English settlement in the New World (1607)? 

15 Jamestown

16 What was the legislature of the Virginia colony called (the first representative government in the New World)? 

17 House of Burgesses

18 What was the main reason for the American colonies protestation against British rule?

19 Taxation

20 What war put the English into debt and forced them to tax and closely monitor the troops in Boston? 

21 French and Indian War

22 What acts were enforced by the English that were already in place
What acts were enforced by the English that were already in place? (1760's)

23 Navigation Acts

24 What occurred in 1770 that resulted in 5 colonists being shot and killed by British troops in Boston?

25 Boston Massacre

26 In 1773 Bostonians protested the Tea Act by staging what famous event?

27 Boston Tea Party

28 The first skirmishes of the Revolutionary War occurred in what two towns?

29 Lexington and Concord

30 AHSGE Standard II.

31 What famous English document (signed in 1215 by King John I) was the beginning point for representative government and protection of individual rights?

32 Magna Carta

33 Jefferson used this idea (Dec. of Ind
Jefferson used this idea (Dec. of Ind.), which allows for a people to overthrow its rulers if their natural rights are no longer being protected. 

34 Social Contract Theory

35 Who was the English philosopher who greatly influenced Jefferson as he wrote the Declaration of Independence?

36 John Locke

37 What French philosopher came up with the idea of a three-branch government?

38 Montesquieu

39 What religious movement occurred in the 1730s and 1740s in the colonies?

40 Great Awakening

41 What was the first meeting called when 12 colonies sent delegates to Philadelphia to discuss British tyranny (and take action)? 

42 First Continental Congress

43 What group sent the Olive Branch Petition and wrote the Declaration of Independence?

44 Second Continental Congress

45 What document was sent to the British informing them of colonial independence?

46 Declaration of Independence

47 What was the first set of laws governing the U.S.?

48 Articles of Confederation

49 What famous convention was held to replace the Articles of Confederation with a more centralized government?

50 Constitutional Convention

51 What was the solution to the problem of representation at the convention called?

52 Great Compromise

53 What was the solution to the problem of how to count slaves for representation purposes?

54 Three-fifths Compromise

55 The Constitution allows for power to be shared between the national government and the states.  What kind of system is this?

56 Federalism

57 The opening paragraph of the Constitution ("We the people
The opening paragraph of the Constitution ("We the people...") is called what?

58 Preamble

59 The Constitution calls for a three-branch government creating a separation of what? 

60 Powers

61 What is the clause called which gives Congress broad powers?

62 Elastic Clause

63 A word for word interpretation of the Constitution is called...

64 Strict Construction

65 A broad interpretation of the Constitution is called...

66 Loose Construction

67 What amendment abolished slavery?

68 13th

69 What amendment guarantees protection of the laws for all citizens?

70 14th

71 What amendment gave the vote to African American males?

72 15th

73 What amendment gave the vote to women?

74 19th

75 What papers were written by Jay, Hamilton, and Madison encouraging the passage of the Constitution? 

76 The Federalist Papers

77 What addition was made to the Constitution giving further protection for individual rights?

78 Bill of Rights

79 What two political parties emerged after the debate over ratification of the Constitution?

80 Federalists and Democratic-Republicans

81 Who developed the economic plan for the U.S. during the 1790's?

82 Alexander Hamilton

83 Who warned Americans about competing political parties in his farewell address?

84 George Washington

85 Who served as chief justice of the Supreme Court for 34 years and helped shape a powerful national government?

86 John Marshall

87 What famous Supreme Court ruling established judicial review?

88 Marbury v. Madison

89 AHSGE Standard III.

90 What act of colonial protestation resulted in the Coercive (Intolerable) Acts being passed by the British parliament?

91 Boston Tea Party

92 What document was sent to King George III as a final attempt at peace by the colonists in 1775?

93 Olive Branch Petition

94 What American colonist gave the famous speech stating, "give me liberty or give me death?"

95 Patrick Henry

96 Who served as the commander of the Continental Army during the Revolutionary War? 

97 George Washington

98 Who was the leader of the Sons of Liberty?

99 Samuel Adams

100 Who made the famous ride warning colonists that the "Redcoats were coming"?

101 Paul Revere

102 What battle was the turning point in the Revolutionary War (resulting in France becoming our ally)? 

103 Saratoga

104 Where were Washington's troops encamped during the harsh winter of 1777-1778? 

105 Valley Forge

106 What was the last major battle of the Revolutionary War (Cornwallis surrendered to Washington)? 

107 Yorktown

108 What was the treaty called which gave the U. S
What was the treaty called which gave the U.S. its independence from Great Britain? 

109 Treaty of Paris 1783

110 The U.S. fought the British again in what war?

111 War of 1812

112 What law was passed by Jefferson that disallowed trade with other nations (including Britain) and led to the War of 1812? 

113 Embargo Act

114 What term was used to describe the British navy forcing Americans into service? 

115 Impressment

116 What ordinance was passed in 1785 that divided territory in the old northwest into townships? 

117 Land Ordinance of 1785

118 What ordinance passed in 1787 disallowed slavery in the old northwest?

119 Northwest Ordinance

120 What action allowed Jefferson to double the size of the U.S. in 1803?

121 Louisiana Purchase

122 Who did Jefferson hire to explore the west?

123 Lewis & Clark

124 The post-War of 1812 years were called what (because of prosperity, one political party, etc.)? 

125 Era of Good Feelings

126 What year did Alabama become a state?

127 1819

128 What famous speech outlined American foreign policy in 1823?

129 Monroe Doctrine

130 What law forced the five civilized tribes of the southeast to evacuate
What law forced the five civilized tribes of the southeast to evacuate?  (Jackson's tenure) 

131 Indian Removal Act

132 What event resulted in the Cherokees marching at gunpoint from GA to OK (1838)? 

133 Trail of Tears

134   List four major trails used by settlers in the western part of the U.S.. 

135 Santa Fe, Oregon, Mormon, California

136 Describe the southern economy before the Civil War.

137 Agriculture: mainly cotton

138 Describe the northern economy before the Civil War.

139 Balanced: industrial and agricultural

140 What country did Texas gain its independence from in 1836?

141 Mexico

142 What was the U.S. goal (or fate) named which called for the acquisition of territory in the west (extending the country from sea to sea)? 

143 Manifest Destiny

144 Why did the U.S. fight Mexico (Mexican War) in 1846-1848?

145 Land acquisition (California and New Mexico territories)

146 What famous meeting in 1848 called for women to demand greater equality and opportunity in the U.S.?

147 Seneca Falls Convention

148 Who hosted this convention?

149 Lucretia Mott and Elizabeth Cady Stanton

150 What white abolitionist from Massachusetts produced The Liberator?

151 William Lloyd Garrison

152 What black abolitionist from Maryland produced The North Star?

153 Frederick Douglass

154 What was the purpose of the Underground Railroad?

155 To aid the escaped slaves

156 What black woman used the Underground Railroad to help liberate hundreds of slaves? 

157 Harriet Tubman

158 During the reform period of the 1830s and 1840s much of the public called for abstinence from what? 

159 alcohol consumption

160 What woman led reform in prisons in the U.S.?

161 Dorothea Dix

162 Who led reform in education in the 1800s?

163 Horace Mann

164 What religious movement in the early 1800s influenced people to help others (leading to all of these reform movements)? 

165 Second Great Awakening

166 What were the communities called which tried to make a "perfect society"? 

167 Utopian communities

168 Who founded the Mormon faith? Who led the Mormons to Utah?

169 Joseph Smith Brigham Young

170 What War of 1812 battle resulted in the protection of Baltimore and Francis Scott Key's inspiring "Star Spangled Banner"?  William Lloyd Garrison

171 Ft. McHenry

172 What War of 1812 battle did Jackson defeat the Creek Indians in AL?

173 Horseshoe Bend

174 What War of 1812 battle did Jackson defeat the British after a truce was called? 

175 New Orleans

176 Which Supreme Court case (under Marshall) insured that the national government controlled interstate commerce?

177 Gibbons v. Ogden

178 Which Supreme Court case (under Marshall) ruled that the national bank was in fact constitutional?

179 McCulloch v. Maryland

180 What president gets credit for establishing the spoils system?

181 Andrew Jackson

182 South Carolina's attempt to void the Tariff of 1832 was called the...

183 Nullification Crisis

184 Whitman, Emerson, and Thoreau were writers of what movement?

185 Transcendentalism

186 AHSGE Standard IV.

187 What congressional solution made California a free state and gave popular sovereignty to the New Mexico and Utah territories? 

188 Compromise of 1850

189 What part of the solution in the Compromise of 1850 upset many northerners (there were five parts of this solution)? 

190 Fugitive Slave Law

191 What act supported by Stephen Douglas gave popular sovereignty to two territories just west of Missouri? 

192 Kansas-Nebraska Act

193 What political party was formed in the 1850's that supported the anti-slavery platform (also, it is known as the party of Lincoln)? 

194 Republican

195 What famous court case upheld the right of slave owners as property holders and disallowed slaves to file court cases?

196 Scott v. Sanford (Dred Scott decision)

197 Who led the massacre at Pottawatomie Creek, NE and led the raid on the federal arsenal at Harper's Ferry?

198 John Brown

199 Who won the presidential election in 1860?

200 Abraham Lincoln

201 What state was the first to secede from the Union in 1860?

202 South Carolina

203 What county in Alabama never seceded from the Union?

204 Winston County

205 What state was actually split over the decision to secede and eventually became two states?

206 Virginia (West Virginia)

207 What was the most famous of the Black military units to fight in the Civil War?

208 54th Massachusetts

209 What act passed by the Republican dominated congress (during the Civil War) gave large land grants to states from the federal government? 

210 Homestead Act

211 What act passed by the Republican dominated congress (during the Civil War) gave large land grants to states from the federal government? 

212 Morill Land Grant Act

213 What did Lincoln pass on Jan
What did Lincoln pass on Jan. 1, 1863 granting freedom to slaves in the Confederate states in rebellion?

214 Emancipation Proclamation

215 What did Lincoln suspend during the Civil War, depriving many citizens of their civil rights? 

216 Writ of Habeas Corpus

217 What was the first major battle of the Civil War?

218 First Bull Run

219 What battle resulted in the single bloodiest day of the Civil War
What battle resulted in the single bloodiest day of the Civil War? First Bull Run

220 Antietam

221 What major three-day battle did the Confederates (under Lee) lose in Pennsylvania?

222 Gettysburg

223 What battle in Mississippi resulted in a complete blockade of the south by the Union? 

224 Vicksburg

225 What Union general captured Atlanta and continued southeast to Savannah destroying everything in his path?

226 General Tecumseh Sherman

227 What famous speech was given by Lincoln at a consecration ceremony where he reminded Americans of the basic ideal, "All men are created equal?"

228 Gettysburg Address

229 Where did Robert E. Lee surrender to Grant in 1865?

230 Appomattox Courthouse

231 What was the program called that returned southern states to the Union, rebuilt the South's infrastructure, and attempted to protect the rights of free blacks?

232 Reconstruction

233 What were the laws called passed by southern states attempting to control freedmen and keeping them in a subservient position?

234 Black Codes

235 What were northerners called who moved to the South, voted Republican, and were scorned by southerners after the Civil War? 

236 Carpetbaggers

237 What were southerners called who voted Republican after the Civil War?

238 Scalawags

239 What southern secret society emerged during the Reconstruction that harassed, tormented, and killed blacks demanding equality?

240 Ku Klux Klan

241 What man served as president during Reconstruction and whose legacy (as president) is remembered as being very corrupt?

242 President Grant

243 What congressional solution resulted in Hayes winning the presidential election in 1876 and Reconstruction ending?

244 Compromise of 1877

245 What were the laws called passed in southern states after Reconstruction that stripped African Americans of basic rights like voting?

246 Jim Crow Laws

247 What type of farming existed in the south after the war where farmers rented land to grow crops?

248 Tenant farming

249 What type of farming existed in the south after the war where farmers were forced to share crops with landowners?

250 Sharecropping

251 What animal was hunted and heavily relied upon by Plains Indians?

252 buffalo

253 What 19th century technological innovation led to the rapid settlement of the western territories? 

254 railroads

255 Many Native Americans were forced to live on...

256 reservations

257 What great Apache leader surrendered to the U.S. in 1886?

258 Geronimo

259 Custer and his cavalry were destroyed by the _____ at the Battle of _______________.  

260 Sioux, Little Big Horn

261 Who was the leader of the Sioux nation at the previous battle?

262 Sitting Bull

263 The United States government attempted to settle Indians on plots of land to farm with what act? 

264 Dawes Act

265 What event resulted in over 200 unarmed Sioux being massacred by U. S
What event resulted in over 200 unarmed Sioux being massacred by U.S. troops in 1890? 

266 Massacre at Wounded Knee

267 What were the settlers called who staked legal claims to land in Oklahoma?  Boomer Illegal claims?

268 Sooners

269 How as the plow improved during the late 1800s?

270 Plowed several furrows at once.

271 Why did the open ranges used by cattle disappear?

272 Barbwire

273 How did cattle ranchers move their beef back to eastern markets?

274 long drives, train

275 What types of new equipment was developed for farming in the late 1800s?

276 cornhuskers, cornbinders, steam powered threshers

277 List three complaints of farmers in the late 1800s.

278 decline in crop prices, tariffs, deflation

279 How did the farmers organize themselves to fight big business?

280 Farmer's Alliance

281 What was the name given to the farmers who organized themselves politically during this period?

282 The Grange

283 Who was the presidential candidate in 1896 for the Populists?

284 James Weaver

285 What two energy sources were used to power factories in the late 1800s?

286 Westinghouse and Alternating currents

287 Who invented the light bulb and electric generators?

288 Thomas Edison

289 Who invented the telephone?

290 Alexander Graham Bell

291 What types of industry was Alabama involved in during the late 1800s?

292 steel

293 What were the captains of industry referred to during the late 1800s?

294 Robber Barons

295 List three important captains of industry during this time period.

296 Carnegie, Rockefeller, Samuel Dodd

297 What theory was used to promote competition in the marketplace?

298 Social Darwinism

299 What idea was promoted by Andrew Carnegie that stated the wealthy should give back riches to the community? 

300 Gospel of Wealth

301 What novelist wrote many fictional stories promoting hte "rags to riches" theme?

302 Horatio Alger

303 What types of labor problems did early unions try and correct?

304 unsafe working conditions, low wages, shorter working hours

305 What was the movement called which promoted change in government, business, and social welfare?

306 Progressivism

307 What did Theodore Roosevelt call journalists who were intent on exposing corruption at the turn of the century? 

308 Muckrakers

309 What novel was highly acclaimed for exposing problems in the meatpacking industry? 

310 The Jungle

311 What journalist wrote an expose on Standard Oil?

312 Ida Tarbell

313 Who was the African-American who encouraged blacks to seek social justice and equality and was an early leader of the NAACP?

314 W.E.B. DuBois

315 What was the movement called that DuBois lead?

316 Niagara Movement

317 Who was the African American who encouraged blacks to learn a trade and also founded the Tuskegee Institute in 1881? 

318 Booker T. Washington

319 What African American man was famous for his work as an agricultural scientist?

320 George Washington Carver

321 What famous Supreme Court decision upheld segregation in 1896?

322 Plessy v. Ferguson

323 What amendment to the Constitution introduced an income tax?

324 16th

325 What amendment introduced prohibition as a national law?

326 18th

327 What amendment made the election of senators by popular vote?

328 17th

329 What president introduced important conservation methods to preserve millions of acres of western lands? 

330 Theodore Roosevelt

331 What act was passed during Wilson's tenure that was intended to break up monopolies? 

332 Clayton Anti-Trust Act

333 How did Wilson change the banking system in the United States in 1913?

334 Established the Federal Reserve System

335 What commission was set up by Wilson to monitor the practices of businesses? 

336 Federal Trade Commission

337 What three parties entered a candidate for president in 1912
What three parties entered a candidate for president in 1912?  Republicans, Progressive, Democrats Who won? 

338 Woodrow Wilson (Democrat)

339 The United States joined European nations in a race to conquest smaller, "uncivilized" nations and to gain access to their resources and markets.  This was known as _________.

340 Imperialism

341 What territory was annexed by the U.S. in the Pacific Ocean in 1898?

342 Hawaii

343 What war did the U.S. become involved in in 1898?

344 Spanish-American War

345 What name was given to the sensationalistic journalism that served as a major cause of the Spanish-American War? 

346 Yellow Journalism

347 What group of volunteers did T
What group of volunteers did T. Roosevelt lead in the famous charge at the Battle of San Juan Hill? 

348 Rough Riders

349 What group of islands in the south Pacific did the U. S
What group of islands in the south Pacific did the U.S. gain control over as a result of the defeat of the Spanish?

350 Philippines

351 President Roosevelt led the movement to build what canal in Central America? 

352 Panama Canal

353 What addendum to the Monroe Doctrine was made by Roosevelt justifying American intervention in the South American nations in trouble?

354 Roosevelt Corollary

355 How did Taft's foreign diplomacy differ from Roosevelt's?

356 Dollar Diplomacy

357 What were the long term causes of the first World War?

358 Imperialism, Militarism, Nationalism, Alliances

359 What was the immediate cause of WWI?

360 The assassination of Archduke Francis Ferdinand

361 Why did the U.S. enter the war?

362 Sinking of the Lusitania and the Zimmerman Note

363 What types of technological innovations were used in WWI?

364 Tank and submarine

365 What treaty ended WWI?

366 Treaty of Versailles

367 What was the purpose of imperialism?

368 To expand your country

369 What type of fighting took place in World War I?

370 Trench Warfare

371 Who came up with the idea of the tank?

372 British

373 What type of technological innovation did the Germans bring to WWI?

374 Submarine

375 Who were the Central Powers?

376 Germany, Austria-Hungary, Ottoman Empire

377 Who were the Allied Powers?

378 France, Britain, U.S., Russia, Italy

379 What acts contributed to the Nativist hatred of immigrants especially during and after WWI?

380 espionage and sedition

381 Name several groups of people who benefited from the diminished workforce during WWI. 

382 Women, African-Americans, Mexican Americans

383 Which country refused to sign the Treaty of Versailles because the League of Nations was included in it? 

384 United States

385 Name the organization in which the nations of the world would join together to ensure security and peace for all members. 

386 League of Nations

387 Which president supported the League of Nations?

388 Woodrow Wilson

389 Which political party rejected the League of Nations?

390 Republicans

391 An intense fear of communism and other extreme ideas that gripped the U.S. during the 1920s. 

392 Red Scare

393 Trial in which two immigrants were given an unfair trial due to their ethnic background and were eventually put to death. 

394 Sacco and Vanzetti

395 Name of the summer in 1919 in which race riots erupted in about 25 cities nationwide.

396 Red Summer

397 By 1922, this organization's membership had grown to about 100,000  and by 1924 to 4 million.

398 Ku Klux Klan

399 Migration of blacks from the South to the North for jobs.

400 Great Migration

401 A number limit set up by laws to limit annual immigration.

402 Quota

403 This type of immigration was banned altogether in the 1920s.

404 Asian immigration

405 List several technological innovations in the 1920s.

406 Cars, planes, home appliances

407 African American literary awakening of the 1920s.

408 Harlem Renaissance

409 African American author of "Their Eyes were Watching God",

410 Zora Neale Hurston

411 List three leading poets/writers of the Harlem Renaissance.

412 Claude McKay, Countee Cullen, Langston Hughes

413 This type of music grew out of African American music in the south, especially ragtime and blues.

414 Jazz

415 What type of age is the 1920s referred to as?

416 Jazz Age

417 Illegal bars that flourished during prohibition.

418 Speakeasies

419 Case over the teaching the theory of evolution in the classroom.

420 Scopes Trial

421 During the Great Depression, this made farmers unable to repay their debts for land and machinery.

422 Falling farm prices

423 Allowed investors to purchase a stock for only a fraction of its price (10-15%) and borrow the rest.

424 Buying on margin

425 The severe economic decline that lasted from 1929 until the U. S
The severe economic decline that lasted from 1929 until the U.S.'s entry into WWII in 1941. 

426 Great Depression

427 Houses made out of cardboard paper or scrap metal.

428 Hoovervilles

429 A region in the Great Plains where drought and dust storms took place for much of the 1930s. 

430 Duct Bowl 

431 During his first 100 days Franklin D. Roosevelt pushed this program.

432 The New Deal

433 This New Deal program insured bank deposits up to $5,000.

434 Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC)

435 This public works project was created in 1933 to help farmers and create jobs and hydroelectric power.

436 Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA)

437 This program put over 2.5 million unmarried men to work.

438 Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC)

439 This program gave jobs building or improving roads, parks, airports, and other facilities to the unemployed. 

440 Civil Works Administration

441 This program provided old-age pensions, disability payments and unemployment benefits. 

442 Social Security

443 FDR created this in response to critics who said he was not doing enough for ordinary Americans. 

444 The Second New Deal

445 Name the Axis Powers in WWII.

446 Germany, Italy, Japan

447 Name the Allies.

448 U.S., Britain, France, USSR

449 Giving in to someone's demands in order to keep peace.

450 Appeasement

451 Conference in which Britain and France agreed to let Hitler have the Sudetenland.

452 Munich Conference

453 On Sept. 1, 1939, Hitler invaded this country creating WWII.

454 Poland

455 A German tactic in which tanks, soldiers, and moving trucks rapidly attack and are there before the foe has time to react. 

456 Blitzkrieg

457 This country began to expand in the Pacific, controlling most of China by 1940.

458 Japan

459 On Dec. 7, 1941 the Japanese attacked....

460 Pearl Harbor

461 Women participated in the military during the war by belonging to which organizations?

462 WASPS, WAVES, and WAC's

463 This battle was the turning point of the war in the east.

464 Stalingrad

465 Leader of the U.S. during the war.

466 F. Roosevelt

467 Leader of the USSR during the war.

468 Stalin

469 Leader of Germany during the war.

470 Hitler

471 Leader of Great Britain during the war.

472 Churchill

473 Leader of Italy during the war.

474 Mussolini

475 After this battle, Japan was unable to launch any more offensive operations in the Pacific. 

476 Midway

477 Japanese suicide planes.

478 Kamikazes

479 Top secret project to create the atomic bomb.

480 Manhattan Project

481 U.S. military leader in Europe.

482 Eisenhower

483 U.S. military leader in the Pacific.

484 McArthur

485 Places where prisoners of war and political prisoners are confined, usually under harsh conditions. 

486 Concentration camps

487 Where did the U.S. drop the atomic bomb?

488 Hiroshima and Nagasaki

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