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S TRATEGIES OF FARMS TOWARDS THE PRODUCTION OF COLLECTIVE GOODS IN THE R USSIAN AGRICULTURAL SECTOR Member of the laboratory : LEMNA Professor assistant.

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Presentation on theme: "S TRATEGIES OF FARMS TOWARDS THE PRODUCTION OF COLLECTIVE GOODS IN THE R USSIAN AGRICULTURAL SECTOR Member of the laboratory : LEMNA Professor assistant."— Presentation transcript:

1 S TRATEGIES OF FARMS TOWARDS THE PRODUCTION OF COLLECTIVE GOODS IN THE R USSIAN AGRICULTURAL SECTOR Member of the laboratory : LEMNA Professor assistant at the Université de Nantes GROUIEZ Pascal RuralEst, SFER-INRA, 20 octobre 2011, Dijon 1 s :

2 O UTLINE I Theoretical Framework II Results 2

3 1.1 S OME STYLIZED FACTS ON THE R USSIAN AGRICULTURAL SECTOR Some inefficient farms have been preserved Some Corporate farms keep their social roles Some Individuals farms develop social roles Barriers to entry / inefficient economic rules (Csaki et al., 1996 ; Shagaïda, 2005 ; Brooks et al., 1994, 1996 ; Lerman (ed.) 2008 ; Serova, 2005, 2008) ; eyes on elections (Amelina, 2002) ; Hybridation process (Wegren, 2005 ; OBrien et al. 1998, 2004) Existence of multifunctionality of farms 3

4 1.2 T HEORETICAL APPROCH Multifunctionality Industrial Organization approach Patrimonial concepts Community of interest Commercial relationship and patrimonial relationship The concept of « productive configuration » can help us to understand all the strategies of actors and to link market and non-market productions according the institutional context Multifunctionality can be considered as strategies that economic actors apply in order to develop business and reproduce communities of interests in a highly competitive context 4

5 1.3 E MPIRICAL WORK Goal : understand what kind of role the integration of farms into various supply chains plays in their MFA strategy. Problems in the statistical analysis Not easy to identify the relation between agriculture and agro-food industry in Russian statistics The Soviet « troïka » representation of farms does not evolve 50 interviews with farmers and agro- businessmen in the Orel Oblast Statistical tests to validate our typology 5

6 O UTLINE I Theoretical Framework II Results 6

7 T YPOLOGIE OF F ARMS A CCORDING TO THE G OSKOMSTAT 7 Data : Goskomstat, 2010

8 W HO ARE THE ACTORS OF THE TRANSITION IN THE AGRICULTURAL SECTOR ? The « Farmers » : individual farmers, managers of agroholdings (public or private), directors of corporate farms and owners of household plots. Public actors : governor of Orel Region, department of agriculture from Orel Region, Ministry of agriculture Private actors : Investor from work sector, from oil sector, from agribusiness sector, middlemen, individuals and communities which own plots of land. 8

9 2.1 P RODUCTIVE CONFIGURATIONS 9

10 public agrholdings corporate farmsindividual farmshousehold plotsAgroholdings commercial relationship to deliver products to the agroholding at a lower price than the market price competition with other PC on the local market patrimonial relationship collective goodshousing for young people (1) food security (2) collective goods local and federal regulations (1) access to credit(2) credit for housing projects access to credit from regional banks 10

11 P RIVATE A GROHOLDINGS IN THE O REL R EGION 11 Head office of the agroholdingsName of the ownersUsable farmland in ha. Investment in 2007/ 2008 (Md. r.) Mean activity/Activity in Orel Number of Corporate Farms in Orel OAO Agrofest-DonAleksej Fedoryčev310000,134football/grain production10 Mossel'prom (in 2009)Sergej Lisovskon.a. Television and press/Pig breeding3 Agroholding (AMS-Agro)Četverikov300002Politician/ n/a9 Belyj FregatAnatolij Butorin ,3 Grain Import /Poultry farm5 ZAO AVK Eksima (Eksima Agro).Nikolaj Demin Meat international trade /Pig breeding4 Set-HoldingAleksandr Samusev500000,004Oil/grain production4 Agroteh-MŽanna Mahova85001Oil/Daily cow breeding3 Nobel-Ojl (Nobel-Agro)Grigorij Gurevič900000Oil/grain production3 OOO Planeta Perelygin Gennadij Leonidovič88000,016n/a /Daily cow breeding2 Agriko (Šablykinskij agrokompleks)Vladimir Bovin60004 International Trade of Grain/Pig breeding2 holding ЗАО OrelinvestpromIl'âžov M.A ,5 Cement works/Pig breeding2 Avtobaza Il'inskoeV. P. Veŝikov95000,03 Construction firm in Moscow/Potato2 Al'kor HoldingVladimir Džangirov112001bank/sunflower oil1 Prodimeks Holding Hudokormov Igor' (RAZGULÂJ)14400n.a. Sugar import from Ukraina/Sugar manufacturing2 Holding Zolotoj Kolosn.a.26000,059 Regional agroholding from Tatarstan1 ОАО «Agropromyšlennyj al'âns Ûg»Isaenko Petr Dmitrievič80001,4n/a / Pig breeding4 MoslovoAleksandr Dragal'cev dairy cow breeding and market gardening2 Ûnost'Sergej Boudagov2200-Grain production1 OOO Omega Kompaniâ Karmanov Konstantin Nikolaevič43000,45Nd./dairy cow breeding1 Total 41 % of the regional usable farmland

12 2.1 P RODUCTIVE CONFIGURATIONS private agroholdings corporate farmsoligarchs commercial relationship to deliver products at a lower price than the market price competition with the FPI on the foodstuff markets patrimonial relationship collective goodsto apply a social policy to the countryside local and federal regulations access to the credit market (1) access to credit from regional banks (2) quotas 12

13 E XAMPLE : E KSIMA A GRO corporate farms or factories in Russia (4 corporate farms in the Orel Region) ha. of land ( ha. Of arable land) Owner of Mikoân (a kolabassa manufactory, 20% of the Moscow delicatessen market) Feed production (760 million Rubles in 2009, 22 million euros) Eksima spent 75 million rubles (2,1 million euros) in housing, roads, gas networks and subsidies to public schools

14 food processing industry corporate farmshousehold plotsmiddlemenFPI commercial relationship to deliver products at the market price improve the competition between farms to the benefit of the FPI competition with private agroholdings on foodstuff markets patrimonial relationship play a kryša role avoiding the competition with the corporate farms n.a. local and federal regulations n.a. unfavorable quota policy 2.1 P RODUCTIVE CONFIGURATIONS 14

15 E XAMPLE : ONO N OVOSIL SKOE Looks for its outlets by itself Signed a contract with a dairy factory in Tula (N. sells 90% of its milk production The local household plots benefit from this commercial contract (at the same price) 15

16 2.2 TYPOLOGY OF PRESENT CORPORATE FARMS ACCORDING TO THE TRANSFORMATIONS 16 20% of corporate farms in the Orel Region

17 small producers individual farmers household plotsmiddlemen commercial relationship Competition with other farmers competition with the other household plots (1)encourage the competition between small producers to knock down prices (2) find outlet opportunities patrimonial relationship to deliver inputs for the landowners n.a. Reproduce the identity of the small producers local and federal regulations n.a. 2.1 P RODUCTIVE CONFIGURATIONS 17

18 T O CONCLUDE Multifunctionality can be considered as a strategy to insure interests of a community of interests and to develop agricultural activities. We observed four kinds of strategy which depend on the size and on the political position of the farmer We observed that, in the Orel Region, the policies have been particularly helpful for the agribusiness investors Then, Multifunctionality appears as the result of compromises between politicians, oligarchs and communities We deconstructed categories of statistic in the aim to describe transformations in the agricultural sector and in all the supply chain 18

19 2.3 R EGULATION OF THE SECTOR Advantageous quotas Disadvantageous quotas 19

20 Thank you for your attention Merci pour votre attention 20

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