Presentation on theme: "After this unit you will be able to…"— Presentation transcript:
1 After this unit you will be able to… Define Free Enterprise, Mixed/Socialist, and Command EconomiesExplain what groups hold the power in these economic systems and who determines how goods/services are distributedClassify where various countries belong on the eco spectrum
2 Which words are you familiar with, and which do you not yet know? Traditional EconomyCommand EconomyMarket EconomySubsistenceBeliefs and CustomsSupply and DemandCommunismFree EnterpriseSocialism
3 How are goods produced and traded here? Traditional economyDetermined bySurvival and needs of the tribe or villageCustoms and beliefs passed downSelf, family, fellow tribe membersTraditional economyDetermined bySurvival and needs of the tribe or villageCustoms and beliefs passed downSelf, family, fellow tribe membersIndividuals, families, and tribes produce the goods and products that they need.The goods produced through: customs, beliefs, and traditions passed directly to the young.Individuals produce & consume goods, but trade occurs when special skills or surplus goods are available through direct barter. Ex.: Australian AboriginesTRADITIONAL ECONOMY(Poorer nations, tribal culture)
4 How are goods produced and traded here? COMMAND/ PLANNED ECONOMYA system where the government, rather than the free market, determines what goods should be produced, how much should be produced and the price at which the goods will be offered for sale.The command economy is a key feature of any communist society. Ex.: Cuba, North Korea and the former Soviet Union
5 How are goods produced and traded here? FREE ENTERPRISE/MARKET ECONOMY!An economic system in which economic decisions and the pricing of goods and services are guided solely by the aggregate interactions of a country's citizens and businesses and there is little government intervention or central planning.Ex.: Japan, USA, Hong Kong
6 How are goods produced and traded here? MIXED/SOCIALIST ECONOMYAn economic system that includes a mixture of free enterprise/market and socialism.This type of economic system includes a combination of private economic freedom and centralized economic planning and government regulation.Ex.: France, Sweden, U.K.
7 What do you notice? FORMER USSR CUBA CHINA NORTH KOREA SWEDEN NETHERLANDSFINLANDCANADA UNITED STATESRUSSIAFRANCEU.K. JAPANMONACOHONG KONG
8 Let’s see what we know…Using the economic spectrum, where would Canada fall in relation to the United States? A closer to socialism B closer to free enterprise C closer to the communism D much closer to free enterpriseWhere would Japan likely fall on the economic spectrum? F Command G Mixed/Socialist H Traditional J Free Enterprise
9 Let’s see what we know…The European Union has which type of economy? A traditional economy B command economy C mixed economy D limited economyWhich of the following is an example of an economy where economic decisions are made based on customs and beliefs? A Han in China B Belgians in Europe C French in Canada D Aborigines of Australia
10 You will use this information to construct a spectrum and place both economic and political systems on the spectrum.