Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Farming systems as providers of public goods: a sociological perspective BipPop Project Sandrina Pereira Catherine Darrot Philippe Boudes XIII WORLD CONGRESS.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Farming systems as providers of public goods: a sociological perspective BipPop Project Sandrina Pereira Catherine Darrot Philippe Boudes XIII WORLD CONGRESS."— Presentation transcript:

1 Farming systems as providers of public goods: a sociological perspective BipPop Project Sandrina Pereira Catherine Darrot Philippe Boudes XIII WORLD CONGRESS OF RURAL SOCIOLOGY WG August 2012, Lisbon

2 BipPop Project BipPop : « Biens Publics en agriculture, et Politiques Publiques » (Public goods provided by agriculture, and public policies) French project (National Agency for Research) 2011 – 2013 (3 years) 3 teams, interdisciplinary approach « Compared agriculture » (Agro-economy focusing on farming systems trajectories at the local level) Institutional economy and political sciences Sociology Field work : France, UK, Germany, Portugal, Poland

3 BipPop Project BipPop : « Biens Publics en agriculture, et Politiques Publiques » (Public goods provided by agriculture, and public policies) French project (National Agency for Research) 2011 – 2013 (3 years) 3 teams, interdisciplinary approach « Compared agriculture » (Agro-economy focusing on farming systems trajectories at the local level) Institutional economy and political sciences Sociology Field work : France, UK, Germany, Portugal, Poland

4 Some public goods in agriculture… Litterature, reviewed by Bazin, G., Devienne S., Garambois, N. for BipPop Environmental public goods Biodiversity, water, soil, air, Animal welfair, fires and waterfloods prevention… PG and landscapes Social Public goods Food security Rural jobs, social vitality of rural areas Equity (between farmers ; between farmers and other citizens ; between rural inhabitants and the rest of society) : income, decisionmaking, life conditions… Heritage, knowledge and know-how Public health Social insertion of agriculture ; governance conditions

5 A specific definition of Public Goods PG : multi-dimensional definition considered for BipPop PG, neo-classical economical definition « Good » = usefull for human beings No rivality, no exclusion possible (Ex : Moonlight) PG (« tutélaire »), political dimention Formal public action, justified by the potential ou real risks compromising the future of this good PG, sociological dimension Moral and social elaboration of its value (through public action + management + production + uses) [ Kaul & Mendoza, 2003 ]

6 Inter-disciplinariry in BipPop project Territorial approach - A short synthesis sociology Farming systems Compared agriculture, detail Describing the contribution of each farming systems to PG privision, at each period of time Which role of PG in the evolution of each farming system ? Sociology, detail What drives a farmer to become more or less provider of PG ? 1) Globally influenced by his personal history and situation A) Influenced by his production system A) The trajectory of the system along time are explained by sociological elements (capitalisation/de- acpitalisation of the farm) PGPublic policies PG managers A

7 PG and agriculture Why a focus on sociology ? PG is a notion born in neo-classical economy « Good » = usefull for human beings PG = No rivality, no exclusion possible (Ex : Moonlight) Within the neo-classical paradigm, the market is able to optimise the repartition and care of the goods But public goods must be regulated by State (or any public structure) to preserve them

8 PG and agriculture : Why a focus on sociology ? Pb with the neo-classical economical perspective What is a public good, i.e. goods interesting everybody, which should be managed by State ? Difficulty to raise a consensus in the designation of those goods : no normative definition

9 PG and agriculture : Why a focus on sociology ? PG = social construction Variety of values related to those goods Describe the conditions of publicisation of PG [Kaul & Mendoza, 2003, triangle of publicisation] BipPop proposes a square Policy Management Users Producers Micoud [2005] : Public goods can be considered under 3 dimensions Scientifical concept Action modality Rhetorical object

10 PG, agriculture and sociology : research questions within BipPop 1. Identifying the PG supported by public policies in a given area. Why supporting and preserving those goods ? Cognitive and normative dimensions of this policies 1. Identifying the values attached to those PG by farmers, within the frame of their activity ; what can explain that they become or not producers of this PG ? 1. Personal history and values 2. Constrains and rationality of their farming systems 3. Networks to which they are connected 2. Do the public policies supporting a given PG correspond to the logic of farmers (as producers of PG) ? consequences on the evolution of this PG

11 Field work area 2007 et 2012 Sources E.Chantre 2007

12 Localising the area Sources E.Chantre 2007

13 Driving interviews A national and local context already known Compared agriculture : Emilia Chantre (Master report in PIeniny region in 2007) Sociology : Catherine Darrot (PhD in 2008 at the national level, including firld work in this area – « The Polish paysants facing CAP ») A specific focus for this new field work within BipPop Context data already known Interviews focused on BipPop issues A constrain : a short, intensive week only for interviews Consequently only 10 interviews (2 – 3 hours each) 7 interviews with farmers 3 institutional interviews

14 Guide for interviews Describing the farm and the family Socio-economical trajectory of the person and of the farm Main changes, causes and justifications Main networks (informations and education) (A posteriori by interviewer) Identification of the PG related to the farm Evolution 2007 – 2012 – New public funds mobilised, logic of those fundings, why are they claimed on that farm ; existing fundings not claimed though possible, why, (mainly AEMs) Position and evolution of the farm regarding the other farms of the area, according to the farmer Interest for this activity ; what does one expect from farmers now? What would be the ideal situation? Prospective: situation of the farm in 5 years (A posteriori by interviewer) Identification of the PG issues raised through those 3 questions

15 Limits of this work Only limited generalisation Only one interview by farming system Allows to raise hypothesis Sociological conclusions valid at the individual scale, but not for each farming system and/or social group A contrario Some elements can be generalised out of each interview Regarding institutional informations Genericity of the social trajectories (« life story methods ») Main issue : building a methodology for all the case studies

16 1 - Identifying the PG supported by public policies in a given area. First elements

17 Identifying PG in the area An inductive approach to identify the public goods connected to agriculture in the area (source : interview) Explicitely mentionned by farmers And/or Supported by a policy measure applied in the area Provisional list of PG identified in 2012 for this area with this method (Biodiv.) protected species (wolf, orchids) (Biodiv.) cultivated and breed species (local species of cows and sheeps) Water quality Stability of mountain slopes (pastures) Mountain specific paysant-like landscape (poly-production), specific of this region Paths toward mountain farming spaces (maintained by farmers) Mountain open landscape ling to sheeping (alpages) Traditional know-how (cheese production ; sheep selection ; landscape preservation) Pollinisators Socio-economical dynamic of villages Social cohesion of the local communities of farmers (solidarity, support, inclusion feeling)

18 Frame : connecting PG to farming systems (who produces what) BP 1BP 2BP 3BP 4 Sheppards in open common pastures + cheese production + direct marketing of cheese Indicateurs et évolutions X X Mountain peasant-like pluri- production with cow milk Indicateurs et évolutions XX Specialisation in cow milk in low lands X Indicateurs et évolutions X

19 Example Evolutio ns BP 1Peasnt-like landscape in mountain BP 3 BP 4 SP 1Indicateurs et évolutions Peasant- like poly- producti ons with cow milk Moins de meules de foin trad, emblématiques car moins de MO (déprise), davantage densilage dherbe en balles (effet aides PAC 1 er pilier et 2eme p. modernisation) Mise en herbe progressive des champs en lanière Emboisement de certaines lanières (déprise) SP


Download ppt "Farming systems as providers of public goods: a sociological perspective BipPop Project Sandrina Pereira Catherine Darrot Philippe Boudes XIII WORLD CONGRESS."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google