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A Presentation on Management of Emergencies related to Transportation of Chemicals Provisions of MV Act 1988 By C.Ramesh, Deputy Transport Commissioner,

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Presentation on theme: "A Presentation on Management of Emergencies related to Transportation of Chemicals Provisions of MV Act 1988 By C.Ramesh, Deputy Transport Commissioner,"— Presentation transcript:

1 A Presentation on Management of Emergencies related to Transportation of Chemicals Provisions of MV Act 1988 By C.Ramesh, Deputy Transport Commissioner, RTA, Ranga Reddy 1

2 Contents 1. Central Motor Vehicles Rules 1988 3-13 2. Hazardous Goods Class Labels14 3. Mode of Transportation 15 4. Need of Hazardous Material Training16-19 5. Hazard Information System20-22 6. Hazard Goods Class Labels23 7. Description of Hazard Type and Colours24 8. Hazardous Labels25-37 9. Instructions to Driver carrying Hazardous Goods38-65 2

3 CMV Rule – 9 Ability to read and write one Indian language and English, and also posses a certificate having successfully passed a course consisting of following syllabus and periodicity connected. Period of training 3 days ( for first time) Period of training 1 day (for every year) Syllabus: Defensive driving questionnaire – First Day Advanced Driving skill and training. – Second Day 1. Discussion 2. Field test training(1 driver at a time) Product safety – Third day 1. Product information 2. Emergency Procedure Educational qualification for drivers of goods carriages carrying dangerous or hazardous goods. 3

4 CMV Rule – 129 1. Vehicles Transporting Goods of dangerous or Hazardous nature to human life. i. Shall display a distinct mark of Class Label appropriate to the type of dangerous goods as specified. ii. Shall be equipped with safety equipment for preventing fire, explosion or escape of hazardous or dangerous goods. 2. Shall be fitted with Technograph (a instrument to record the lapse of running time of the motor vehicle, time speed maintained, acceleration, declaration etc.,) conforming to the BIS specifications. 4

5 CMV Rule – 129A Every vehicle carrying goods of dangerous or hazardous nature Shall be fitted with a SPARK ARRESTER 5

6 CMV Rule – 131 Responsibility of the consignor for safe transport of dangerous or hazardous goods 1. The consigner should ensure the following A.The goods carriage has a valid registration to carry the said goods B.The vehicle is equipped with necessary first aid, safety equipment and antidotes as may be necessary to contain any accident C.The transporter or owner shall has full and adequate information about the goods being transported. D.The driver of the goods carriage is trained in handling the dangers posed during transport such goods. 2. Every consigner shall supply to the owner full and adequate information about the goods being transported 6

7 CMV Rule – 132 Responsibility of the Owner 1. The owner should ensure A. The vehicle has a valid registration to carry the said goods & It is safe for transportation B. The vehicle is equipped with necessary first aid, safety equipment, tool box and antidotes as may be necessary to contain any accident. 2. The owner should satisfy him self that the information given by the consigner is full and accurate in all respects. 3. The owner shall ensure that the driver is given all the relevant information in writing as given in annexure v 4. The owner and the consigner shall lay down the root for each trip, unless directed or permitted other wise by the police. 5. The owner to ensure that the driver holds a driving licence as per the CMV rule 9 7

8 CMV Rule – 133 Responsibility of the Driver 1.The driver should ensure the information given to him (Annexure V) is kept in the drivers cabin. 2.The vehicle while in motion, and when it is parked in a place and at all times should be kept safe from fire, explosion, and any other risk under his supervision or some other competent person above the age of 18 years. 8

9 CMV Rule – 134 Emergency information panel as specified should be placed on vehicles 9

10 Place for Fixing Emergency Information Panel 10

11 CMV Rule – 135 Driver to be Instructed The owner shall ensure to the satisfaction of the consigner that the driver has received adequate instruction and training to enable him to under stand the nature of goods being transported by him, the nature of the risks arising out of such goods, precautions he should take while the vehicle is in motion or stationary and the action he has to take in case of any emergency. 11

12 CMV Rule – 136 Duty of the Driver to Report Driver to report to the police station about the accident and also inform the owner regarding the accident. 12

13 CMV Rule – 137 Class Labels The class labels namely Explosives, Non-flammable gases, Flammable Gasses, Poision (Toxic Gases), Inflammable liquids, Inflammable Solids etc. 13


15 Hazard Material M ODE OF TRANSPORTATION 1.TAPS ( pipe line ) 2.PLANE (Air Ways ) 3.SHIP (Water Transport ) 4.TRAIN (Rail Transport ) 5.MOTOR VEHICLE (Road Transport) 15

16 Need Of HazMat Training Learning to properly transport hazardous materials and hazardous waste helps protect you and the public. This Training, Preparing to Transport Hazardous Materials, provides you with basic information needed to be a safe and effective driver. Hazardous materials training is important to protect people, the environment, and property. All of these are at risk if you violate the hazardous materials regulations. Cont…… 16

17 (2) Hazardous materials training is also required by law as per 9 of CMV Rule. Hazardous materials training is important to protect your Transport driver's license and your job. Both of these are at risk if you violate the regulations. Willful violators are subjected to punishment as per law. It is vitally important to use Emergency Information Panels on vehicles transporting hazardous materials. At an accident scene, the correct Emergency Information Panels can save lives and protect the environment. In addition to the environmental and health reasons. 17

18 Required Training for Highway Transportation The motor vehicle act requires training for all drivers of vehicles used to transport hazardous materials, because most of the hazardous materials are transported on highways, and most incidents/accidents involving hazardous materials are caused by human error. 18

19 Specific training includes: 1). Defensive Driving. 2). Advanced Driving Skills And Training. a). Before starting b). During driving c).Before stopping d).After stopping e). Night driving f). Field test training 3). Product safety. a). UN classification/ UN Panel b). Product information c). Emergency procedure 19

20 Hazard information system Transport Emergency card (Trem Card): Informs the driver and cleaner about the nature of dangerous goods, and steps to be taken during emergency, and some important phone numbers also given. Production factory should provide Trem Card pertaining to the goods in the vehicle and the Trem Card should be in the vehicle. Emergency Information Panel: It describes the nature of the goods in the vehicle, showing status, quality and during emergencies it informs some steps to be taken by other road users and fire engine office. It is exhibited on both sides of the vehicle and at its front & rear. 20

21 Dimensions of Emergency Information pannels 21

22 Places for fixing Emergency Information pannels on Vehicles 22


24 HAZARD TYPECOLOUR ExplosiveOrange FlammableRed Non- flammableGreen Water – reactiveBlue Oxidizing substancesYellow Toxic/ infectiousWhite Radio activeHalf yellow and half white CorrosiveHalf white and half black 24

25 1. Explosives 25

26 2.1. Non-flammable gases 26

27 3. Inflammable Liquids 27

28 4. Inflammable solids, substances liable to spontaneous combustion; substances which on contact with water, emit inflammable gases 4.1. Inflammable Solids 28

29 4.2. Substances liable to spontaneous combustion 29

30 4.3. Substances which in contact with water, emit inflammable gases 30

31 5.Oxidizing substances and organic peroxides 5.1. Oxidizing substances 31

32 5.2. Organic peroxides 32

33 6. poisonous (toxic) substances and infectious substances 6.1. Poisonous (toxic) substances 33

34 6.2. Harmful substances 34

35 6.3. Infectious substances 35

36 7. Radioactive substances 36

37 8. Corrosives 37

38 A driver of a vehicle used to transport hazardous materials must: Receive training before operating the vehicle for 3 days at a recognized institution & Recurrent training must occur every year for one day. Hazmat employers are responsible for certifying that each hazmat employee has received the required training and for keeping detailed records of when and what training was given. If you are a self-employed owner- operator, this responsibility may be yours. 38

39 T YPES OF GOODS o rdinary goods (not dangerous): 1.Stones ( granite, marble, lime Etc ) 2. Steel ( iron, silver, copper Etc ) 3. Gravel ( sand, iron ore, mud, clay Etc) D angerous goods : 1.Liquids ( petrol, diesel, kerosene, furnace oil, acids Etc ). 2. Gas (L.P.G, C.N.G Etc ) 3. Explosives( TNT, fire crackers, blasting materials Etc ) 4. Power full chemicals that can affect our breathing (such as Insecticides, Irritating acids, sulphuric and Etc) 39

40 A IM To carry things safely from one place to other place. H andle dangerous materials safely: 1.We should carry dangerous goods only in closed packs. It should not be exposed to heat and air. 2.Avoid spreading on your body. 3.Blasting materials should be kept safely and should be handled carefully. 4.Materials which catches fire easily should not be near to fire. 5.Should learn first aid and practice. 6.Give first preference to safety of life and avoid pollution. 40

41 Documents Vehicle: 1.Registration Certificate ( RC book ) 2.Tax proof 3.Fitness Certificate 4.Insurance Certificate. 5.Permit issued by RTA. 6.P.U.C Certificate. Vehicle Tank 1.Explosive license. 2.Emergency information panel. 3.Hazard class label. 41

42 Driver: 1.Driving license- as per CMV Rule 9. 2.Proper trem card and written instructions. Consignment: 1.Invoice. 2.Excise Gate pass. 3.Weighment card. 4.Consignment receipt 5.Transport emergency card ( trem card). 6.Written instructions for driver 7.Public liability Insurance ( PLI ). 42

43 T ANK AND ITS PARTS 1.Master valve ( Emergency valve ). 2.Pressure / Vacuum valve ( tamata valve ). 3.Emergency hole passage (went plug ). 4.Dip pipe. 5.Fill pipe ( filling pipe ). 6.Discharge valve. 7.Manhole. 43

44 Cont……… 8.Electric master switch. 9.Spark arrester. 10.Wiring of back light. 11.Diesel tank safety net. 12.Safety cover on battery. 13.Master check valve and box for collection of leakage. 14.Fire extinguisher – 2 nos (dry chemical powder or foam type- 10 kg. capacity). 15.Wheel chocks ( wooden blocks ). 44

45 Cont……. 16.Serviceable tool box. 17.Caution boards( 2 nos ). 18.Spare wheel ( stepney ). 19.Class label. 20.Trem card. 21.One Manhole for acid tanker with railings necessary. 22.Necessary documents. 23.Earthing cable. 24.Temperature gauge for gas tanker. 45

46 Precautions for safety V ehicles Inspection: 1.In good condition to run on road. 2.Safety instruments. 3.Emergency equipment inspection. 4.Fire protection equipment inspection. 5.All types of intoxicating agents prohibited. 6. Smoking or open flame is prohibited in the cabin or near the vehicle. 7. Agarbatties or other flammable materials are prohibited in drivers cabin. 46

47 P recautions to be taken: 1.Do not leave the vehicle without attender. 2.Driver or cleaner should be near by. 3.Away from residence areas and mobs. 4.On level ground. 5.Not to abstract movement of other vehicle. 6.Switching on parking lights during night times. 7.Vehicle key should be with driver. 8.Do not rest near or under the vehicle. 47

48 9 Keep other people away from the vehicle. 10 Load the vehicle according to permit and R.C book. 11Do not take extra load than prescribed. 12Take help while taking the vehicle in reverse. 13Drive on prescribed routes only. 14Do not allow other passengers in to the vehicle. 48

49 15.In empty tank or cylinder leftover metrical is dangerous. 16.Tank should be empty while repairing or welding any part of the tank. 17.Keep acid away from body. 18.Do not inhale gas or acid. 49

50 B EFORE STARTING THE VEHICLE 1.Inspect round the vehicle. 2.See that any one is resting or sleeping near or under the vehicle. 3.Hose and earthing cables are separated from the vehicle. 4.Remove the wheel chocks (stoppers ) from the wheels. 5.Tyre pressure and condition. 50

51 B EFORE LOADING 1.Check around the vehicle. 2.Check the safety instruments. 3.Proper emergency information panel. 4.Proper trem card. 5.Written instructions for driver and cleaner. 6.No sharp things should be projected from the vehicle. 51

52 D URING LOADING ( CYLINDERS, DRUMS OR BOXES) 1.Stop the engine of the vehicle. 2.Keep wheel chocks (stoppers) for all wheels. 3.Smoking, lighting of cigarettes, agarbatties or flamable articles are prohibited. 4.Do not load eatables or any other things with hazardous/poisonous goods. 5.Load heavy materials below and light materials above. 6.Do not load leaking cylinders, drums, or boxes. 7.Do not load extra load than prescribed load. 8.Tie the cylinder, drums or boxes with a strong rope. 52

53 F ILLING OF THE TANK ( BULK LOADING ) 1.Stop the vehicle engine. 2.Keep wheel chocks (stoppers) for all wheels. 3.Smoking, lighting of cigarettes, agarbatties or flammable articles are prohibited. 4.Put loading hose after fixing earthing cable. 5.After filling ensure that there is no leakage. 6.If there is any leakage immediately repair it or get it repaired (safety instruments should be used). 7.After filling loading hose, earthing cable and wheel stoppers should be removed (safety instruments to be used). 53

54 S AFETY FOR THE VEHICLES WITH DANGEROUS MATERIALS 1.Do not go away leaving the vehicle. 2.Park the vehicle away from residence areas and mobs. 3.Drive the vehicle on permitted routes. 4.Do not allow passengers in to the vehicle. 5.Do not allow unlicensed persons to drive. 54

55 P LEASE FOLLOW THE FOLLOWING INSTRUCTIONS 1.Get technical check up of the tank truck (regularly). 2.Remember that you are going on long journey and you have to return safe. 3.See that the brakes are effective and intact. Check whether there is any play in the steering wheel. 4.Head lights, tail lamps, parking, and indicator lights should be properly working. 5.Tyres should be in condition and should have required air pressure. 6.Check water in radiator, check battery, check engine oil quantity. 7.Road signals should be with you – study them and follow them. 55

56 E MERGENCY MEASURES O rdinary Accident, Leakage or fire: 1.Stop the engine. 2.Apply hand breaks. 3.Put stoppers under all wheels. 4.Remove trem card keep it with you. 5.Keep away other people from the accident place. 56

57 Cont…… 6.Stop the traffic and make them alert. 7.All flammable and burning materials are prohibited 8.Smoking is prohibited. 9.Inform nearest police station immediately. 10.In case of fire is suspected, inform the fire services. 11.If necessary remove the people from area about 250 sq.mts and stop the movement of other vehicle. 12.First aid to injured. 57

58 Cont…….. 13.Give first preference to life saving and pollution and then material. 14.Inform your owner, consigner and loading company. 15.Regular inspection of vehicle by the driver or cleaner is necessary. 16.Engine key should be with driver. 58

59 L eakage or spreading: 1.If possible take the vehicle away from residential areas to open place. 2.Soke leaking material with dust, sand or saw dust. 3.Bury it in a safe place or burn it. 4.Do not drive the vehicle in water such as river, drain etc. 5.If possible fill in steel drum with lid. 6.If possible leaked or spread material should be shifted in to other tank. 7.In case any leakage of liquid gas, the place should be cleaned with sufficient water. 59

60 Cont…….. 8.Ensure that the liquid gas is not flowing in drains or any other water. 9.Inform the nearest fire service station. 10.If possible try to stop the inflammable leakage with safety measures. 11.Stand in opposite direction of the air. 12.If possible stop the traffic and keep the people away at least 250 meters of radius. 13.Fire protection equipment should be kept ready. 60

61 L imitation of speed on the road and inside the factory: 1.Follow speed restrictions imposed, Never deviate. 2.For example speed limit – should be 25km per hour (Follow rules ). 3.Not to enter prohibited area or road. 61

62 M ental and physical health of the driver: 1.Driver should mentally and physically healthy. 2.Periodical check up is necessary. 3.Do not drive the vehicle for a long period in a day. 4.Eye testing is very necessary. 5.After 5 hours continuous driving 30 minutes rest is necessary. 62

63 FIRST AID B ody infection: 1.Remove the effected clothes and shoes. 2.Clean the skin by soap. 3.Consult the doctor. 4.Infected clothes should be washed and wore. Do not use infected shoes. 63

64 I nfection of eye: 1.Immediately clean the eyes with cold water for 15 minutes. 2.Consult the doctor. I nfection by inhaling: 1.Remove the person to a open and fresh air area from the polluted area. 2.If breathing is stopped, try to give artificial breathing. 3.Try to take the help of a doctor as early as possible. S tomach is effected: 1.Follow the instructions of trem card. 2.If prohibited do not try to vomit. 3.50 ml Luke warm water should be given for drinking. 4.Do not give any thing to unconscious person. 64

65 S tomach is effected: 1.Follow the instructions of trem card. 2.If prohibited do not try to vomit. 3.50 ml Luke warm water should be given for drinking. 4.Do not give any thing to unconscious person. 65

66 66

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