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49Overview Transportation of Dangerous Goods (TDG) Overview of TDG RegulationsClassification of Dangerous GoodsSafety Marks & PlacardsEmpty Containers & VehiclesEmergency ResponseDocumentationTest
50What are “Dangerous Goods”? Definition Under the Law“Dangerous goods” means any product, substance, or organism included by its nature or by the regulations in any of the classes listed in the schedule.”“The Schedule” referred to above is Schedule II of the Transportation of Dangerous Goods Regulations.
51TDG Act, 1992ObjectivesTo promote public safety during handling and transportDifferent from WHMIS which focuses on employee health & safetyProhibits anyone from transporting dangerous goods unless it is with the requirements of the Act and TDG Regulations.
52Training is a Legislated Requirement TDG Regulations, Section 9.7No person shall handle, offer for transport, or transport dangerous goods unless they are:Trained in aspects of the TDG Regulations, and issued a Certificate of Training, orUnder the direct supervision of a trained person.Training Certificate is valid for 3 years.
53TDG Key Definitions Handling Safety Mark Continued ... means loading, packing or placing, unloading, unpacking or removing, or reloading, repackaging or replacing dangerous goods in or from any container, packaging, or means of transport or at any facility for the purposes of, in the course of or following transportation and includes storing dangerous goods in the course of transportation of dangerous goods.Safety Markincludes any design, symbol, device, sign, label, placard, letter, word, number, abbreviation or any combination thereof that is to be displayed on dangerous goods or containers, packaging, means of transport or facilities used in the handling, offering for transport or transporting of dangerous goods.Continued ...
54TDG Key Definitions Shipping Document Packing Group means any document that accompanies dangerous goods being handling, offered for transport or transported and that describes or contains information relating to the goods, and in particular, but without restricting the generality of the foregoing, includes a bill of lading, cargo manifest, shipping order, way-bill, and switching order.Packing Groupindicates the degree of danger within a given classification of dangerous goods. Group I, great danger; Group II moderate danger; Group III, minor danger.
55Dangerous Goods Classifications Nine Classes Based on Hazard TypeClass 1: ExplosivesClass 2: GasesClass 3: Flammable LiquidsClass 4: Flammable SolidsClass 5: OxidizersClass 6: PoisonsClass 7: Radioactive MaterialsClass 8: CorrosivesClass 9: Miscellaneous
56How to Classify Dangerous Goods Step 1: Determine if material is exemptRefer to Part II (Section 2.3) of TDG Regulations to determine if exempt. If so, classification is not required.Step 2: Determine ClassificationRefer to Schedule II of TDG Regulations.List I consists of explosive materials.List II consists of more than 3000 dangerous goods, other than explosives.
57Exemptions Gasoline & Diesel Fuel TDGR Section 2.31 makes partial exemptions for transportation by road if:Containers are transported in open vehicle so label or placard is visible from outside the vehicle;Each container is secured to the vehicle during transport; andTotal capacity of containers in/on vehicle is not more than 2,000 liters.Continued ...
58ExemptionsPropaneTDGR Section 2.31makes partial exemptions for transportation by road if:Containers are transported in open vehicle so label or placard is visible from outside the vehicle;Each cylinder is secured to the vehicle during transport; andTotal quantity being transported is not greater than 500 kg.
59Exemptions Herbicides & Pesticides TDGR Section 2.31makes partial exemptions for transportation by road if:The product or solution is transported in a tank having a volume of 5000 L or less.;Tank is being used for mixing or holding of product prior to or during application procedures;Tank is properly placarded
60Exemptions Gasoline, Diesel Fuel, & Propane Exempt from: Using TDG shipping documentUsing placards on vehicles (except herbicides/pesticides)Training, registration, reportingNot exempt from:Immediately notifying authorities if dangerous goods are lost or released.Filing written report for spills/releases.Labeling containers.
61Exemptions Herbicides & Pesticides Exempt from: Not exempt from: Using TDG shipping documentTraining, registration, reportingNot exempt from:Immediately notifying authorities if dangerous goods are lost or released.Filing written report for spills/releases.Labeling containers.
63Class 2: Gases Hazards Explosion or fire Container rupture Container rocketingFrostbiteAsphyxiationToxicityIrritation
64Class 3: Flammable Liquids Liquids with a flash point < 61deg CCommonly used as fuelsGasoline, fuel oil, dieselFlash PointMinimum temperature at which a liquid gives off sufficient vapour to form an ignitable mixture with air at the surface of the liquid.
66Class 6: Poisonous (Toxic) Poisonous or Infectious MaterialsA solid or liquid that is poisonous by inhalation of vapours, by skin contact or by ingestion.Examples: pesticides, lead compounds, disinfectants, some solvents, hospital wastes.
67Safety MarksTypesLabels: used for packages, cylinders, small containersPlacards: used for large containers, trucks, other transport unitsSigns: special placards such as “Danger”Other Marks: additional information (e.g., shipping name, PIN, container orientation, etc. on smaller containers).
68Safety Marks Mandatory Use Safety marks used to indicate: Presence of dangerous goodsType and degree of associated riskSafety marks must be used on all containers, packages, tanks, cylinders and transport units used for transporting dangerous goods.
69Safety Marks Special Placards If the quantities of individual classes do not exceed the small quantity limit, but the total quantity of dangerous goods exceeds 454 kg, the a “danger” placard must be displayed on the vehicle.
70Compatibility Segregation of Incompatible Materials TDGR have requirements and prohibitions for transporting incompatible materials (see Compatibility Chart) on the same vehicle.Examples:Liquid fuels may be transported with propanePropane & herbicides can only be transported together if separated such that leakage will not impact the other materialLiquid fuels must not be transported with herbicides/pesticides
71Emergency ReportingA discharge, emission or escape from any container must be reported if:Greater than “quantity for immediate reporting”Class 2.1 (Propane): 100LClass 3 (Gasoline, Diesel): 200LClass 6: (Herbicide, Pesticides): 5kg / 5LAll fires and explosions involving dangerous goods must be reported.
72Emergency Reporting Immediate Notification Written Report A person who has charge of dangerous goods and discovers or is advised of a spill, release or fire shall immediately notify:Local policeHis/her employerOwner, lessee of vehicleOwner or consignor or shipmentWritten ReportEmployer must complete Form 2 within 30 days and forward it to Transport Canada.
73Case Study Situation Analysis Transporting the following materials using a pick-up truck from supplier to bush camp.3 x 100 lb. propane cylinders2 x 205 L drums of diesel fuel2 x 205 L drums of gasoline2 x 205 L drums of drinking water
74Case Study Required TDG Measures Individually, quantities of gasoline, diesel & propane are exempt under s2.31from having to carry TDG shipping document and use of placard.Total quantity of dangerous goods is greater than 454 kg:“Danger” placard is required.Containers must be secured to the vehicle and labels must be visible from outside the vehicle.