Presentation on theme: "Overview n Transportation of Dangerous Goods (TDG) n Overview of TDG Regulations n Classification of Dangerous Goods n Safety Marks & Placards n Empty."— Presentation transcript:
Overview n Transportation of Dangerous Goods (TDG) n Overview of TDG Regulations n Classification of Dangerous Goods n Safety Marks & Placards n Empty Containers & Vehicles n Emergency Response n Documentation n Test
What are Dangerous Goods? n Definition Under the Law n Dangerous goods means any product, substance, or organism included by its nature or by the regulations in any of the classes listed in the schedule. n The Schedule referred to above is Schedule II of the Transportation of Dangerous Goods Regulations.
TDG Act, 1992 n Objectives n To promote public safety during handling and transport n Different from WHMIS which focuses on employee health & safety n Prohibits anyone from transporting dangerous goods unless it is with the requirements of the Act and TDG Regulations.
Training is a Legislated Requirement n TDG Regulations, Section 9.7 n No person shall handle, offer for transport, or transport dangerous goods unless they are: n Trained in aspects of the TDG Regulations, and issued a Certificate of Training, or n Under the direct supervision of a trained person. n Training Certificate is valid for 3 years.
TDG Key Definitions Handling means loading, packing or placing, unloading, unpacking or removing, or reloading, repackaging or replacing dangerous goods in or from any container, packaging, or means of transport or at any facility for the purposes of, in the course of or following transportation and includes storing dangerous goods in the course of transportation of dangerous goods. Safety Mark includes any design, symbol, device, sign, label, placard, letter, word, number, abbreviation or any combination thereof that is to be displayed on dangerous goods or containers, packaging, means of transport or facilities used in the handling, offering for transport or transporting of dangerous goods. Continued...
TDG Key Definitions Shipping Document means any document that accompanies dangerous goods being handling, offered for transport or transported and that describes or contains information relating to the goods, and in particular, but without restricting the generality of the foregoing, includes a bill of lading, cargo manifest, shipping order, way-bill, and switching order. Packing Group indicates the degree of danger within a given classification of dangerous goods. Group I, great danger; Group II moderate danger; Group III, minor danger.
Dangerous Goods Classifications Nine Classes Based on Hazard Type n Class 1:Explosives n Class 2: Gases n Class 3:Flammable Liquids n Class 4: Flammable Solids n Class 5:Oxidizers n Class 6:Poisons n Class 7:Radioactive Materials n Class 8:Corrosives n Class 9:Miscellaneous
How to Classify Dangerous Goods n Step 1: Determine if material is exempt n Refer to Part II (Section 2.3) of TDG Regulations to determine if exempt. If so, classification is not required. n Step 2: Determine Classification n Refer to Schedule II of TDG Regulations. n List I consists of explosive materials. n List II consists of more than 3000 dangerous goods, other than explosives.
Exemptions n Gasoline & Diesel Fuel n TDGR Section 2.31 makes partial exemptions for transportation by road if: n Containers are transported in open vehicle so label or placard is visible from outside the vehicle; n Each container is secured to the vehicle during transport; and n Total capacity of containers in/on vehicle is not more than 2,000 liters. Continued...
Exemptions n Propane n TDGR Section 2.31makes partial exemptions for transportation by road if: n Containers are transported in open vehicle so label or placard is visible from outside the vehicle; n Each cylinder is secured to the vehicle during transport; and n Total quantity being transported is not greater than 500 kg.
Exemptions n Herbicides & Pesticides n TDGR Section 2.31makes partial exemptions for transportation by road if: n The product or solution is transported in a tank having a volume of 5000 L or less.; n Tank is being used for mixing or holding of product prior to or during application procedures; n Tank is properly placarded
Exemptions n Gasoline, Diesel Fuel, & Propane n Exempt from: n Using TDG shipping document n Using placards on vehicles (except herbicides/pesticides) n Training, registration, reporting n Not exempt from: n Immediately notifying authorities if dangerous goods are lost or released. n Filing written report for spills/releases. n Labeling containers.
Exemptions n Herbicides & Pesticides n Exempt from: n Using TDG shipping document n Training, registration, reporting n Not exempt from: n Immediately notifying authorities if dangerous goods are lost or released. n Filing written report for spills/releases. n Labeling containers.
Class 2: Gases n Division 2.1 - Flammable Gases n Propane, acetylene n Division 2.2 - Non-Flammable Gases n Refrigerant, nitrogen, oxygen n Division 2.3 - Poisonous Gas n Carbon dioxide, sulfur dioxide
Class 2: Gases n Hazards n Explosion or fire n Container rupture n Container rocketing n Frostbite n Asphyxiation n Toxicity n Irritation
Class 3: Flammable Liquids n Liquids with a flash point < 61deg C n Commonly used as fuels n Gasoline, fuel oil, diesel n Flash Point n Minimum temperature at which a liquid gives off sufficient vapour to form an ignitable mixture with air at the surface of the liquid.
Class 3: Flammable Liquids n Hazards n Fire n Explosions n Toxic fumes n Corrosivity n Water contamination
Class 6: Poisonous (Toxic) n Poisonous or Infectious Materials n A solid or liquid that is poisonous by inhalation of vapours, by skin contact or by ingestion. n Examples: pesticides, lead compounds, disinfectants, some solvents, hospital wastes.
Safety Marks n Types n Labels: used for packages, cylinders, small containers n Placards: used for large containers, trucks, other transport units n Signs: special placards such as Danger n Other Marks: additional information (e.g., shipping name, PIN, container orientation, etc. on smaller containers).
Safety Marks n Mandatory Use n Safety marks used to indicate: n Presence of dangerous goods n Type and degree of associated risk n Safety marks must be used on all containers, packages, tanks, cylinders and transport units used for transporting dangerous goods.
Safety Marks n Special Placards n If the quantities of individual classes do not exceed the small quantity limit, but the total quantity of dangerous goods exceeds 454 kg, the a danger placard must be displayed on the vehicle.
Compatibility n Segregation of Incompatible Materials n TDGR have requirements and prohibitions for transporting incompatible materials (see Compatibility Chart) on the same vehicle. n Examples: n Liquid fuels may be transported with propane n Propane & herbicides can only be transported together if separated such that leakage will not impact the other material n Liquid fuels must not be transported with herbicides/pesticides
Emergency Reporting n A discharge, emission or escape from any container must be reported if: n Greater than quantity for immediate reporting n Class 2.1 (Propane): 100L n Class 3 (Gasoline, Diesel): 200L n Class 6: (Herbicide, Pesticides): 5kg / 5L n All fires and explosions involving dangerous goods must be reported.
Emergency Reporting n Immediate Notification n A person who has charge of dangerous goods and discovers or is advised of a spill, release or fire shall immediately notify: n Local police n His/her employer n Owner, lessee of vehicle n Owner or consignor or shipment n Written Report n Employer must complete Form 2 within 30 days and forward it to Transport Canada.
Case Study n Situation Analysis n Transporting the following materials using a pick-up truck from supplier to bush camp. n 3 x 100 lb. propane cylinders n 2 x 205 L drums of diesel fuel n 2 x 205 L drums of gasoline n 2 x 205 L drums of drinking water
Case Study n Required TDG Measures n Individually, quantities of gasoline, diesel & propane are exempt under s2.31from having to carry TDG shipping document and use of placard. n Total quantity of dangerous goods is greater than 454 kg: n Danger placard is required. n Containers must be secured to the vehicle and labels must be visible from outside the vehicle.