Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Innovating governance for sustainable development? On dynamics of instruments and challenges of responsible innovation in governance Jan-Peter Voß, TU.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Innovating governance for sustainable development? On dynamics of instruments and challenges of responsible innovation in governance Jan-Peter Voß, TU."— Presentation transcript:

1 Innovating governance for sustainable development? On dynamics of instruments and challenges of responsible innovation in governance Jan-Peter Voß, TU Berlin Berlin Sustainability Talk, Environmental Policy Research Centre FU Berlin, 14 January 2014

2 Promises (strategically advanced) – unknown societal and political repercussions – backgrounded by modeled functions Sustainability of innovation is a matter of process – anticipate implications, discuss values – open negotiation of design, also political aspects Also with respect to innnovation in governance ? – Yes, because there are similar patterns and dynamics Ambivalence of innovationAmbivalence of innovation

3 The promise of science and innovation brings with it ethical dilemmas and impacts which are often uncertain and unpredictable (…) How do we undertake science and innovation responsibly under such conditions, (…) in a way that is democratic, equitable and sustainable? (Owen et al. 2013) Responsible Research and Innovation is a transparent, interactive process by which societal actors and innovators become mutually responsive to each other with a view to the (ethical) acceptability, sustainability and societal desirability of the innovation process and its marketable products (in order to allow a proper embedding of scientific and technological advances in our society) (Schomberg 2011) … normative assessment and governance of knowledge-based innovation … attention to the assessment of the broader and more subtle human and social dimensions of innovationincluding moral, cultural, political, and religious dimensions, social risk, and sustainability (…). (Editorial Journal of Responsible Innovation 2013). Responsible InnovationResponsible Innovation

4 Reconstruct innovation journeys (cf. Van de Ven et al. 1999) – Environmental markets Emissions trading, biodiversity offsets and banking – Public participation methods citizen jury, planning cell, consensus conference Innovation of governance instrumentsInnovation of governance instruments

5 Follow instruments across domainsFollow instruments across domains

6 Reconstruct innovation journeys (cf. Van de Ven et al. 1999) – Environmental markets Emissions trading, biodiversity offsets and banking – Public participation methods citizen jury, planning cell, consensus conference Interpretive, constructionist approach – Qualitative process analysis (e.g. Yin 2003, van de Ven 2007) – co-production of model and social order (e.g. Rip/Schot 2000, Jasanoff 2004, Callon et al. 2009) Iterative research design, identify patterns and mechanisms 1.Overview of instruments and their genealogies 2.Focus on selected innovation journeys 3.Probing conceptual propositions on process patterns and mechanisms Empirical basis – Academic literature, documents, 67 interviews, 2 group discussions, field notes Innovation of governance instrumentsInnovation of governance instruments

7 1.Dynamics of innovation networks – instruments as political actors 2.Co-production of model and social order – entanglement of knowledge production and politics 3.Patterns of innovation between lab and field – interplay of de-contextualisation and re-contextualisation 4.Ambivalence of model based innovation – own dynamics and side-effects 5.Challenges of responsible innovation in governance – exploring concerns and controversial design issues Selected topicsSelected topics

8 Instruments beyond ideas – exist in work and communication – lead a social life Innovation process as alignment of practices – science, public policy and business – functional and structural promises Specialisation and dependence on the instrument – reflexive interests and strategies – organised collective action A push factor of innovation in governance Instrument constituenciesInstrument constituencies

9

10

11

12 1.Dynamics of innovation networks – instruments as political actors 2.Co-production of model and social order – entanglement of knowledge production and politics 3.Patterns of innovation between lab and field – interplay of de-contextualisation and re-contextualisation 4.Ambivalence of model based innovation – own dynamics and side-effects 5.Challenges of responsible innovation in governance – exploring concerns and controversial design issues Selected topicsSelected topics

13 Technoscientific reality-making (secluded research, adapted from Callon et al. 2009/2001, p. 69) Scientific-technological progress as application of knowledge about the natural world 1. Installation of model world: reduction of complex reality (object and research collective) 2. Reconfiguration of model world: experimenatl construction of local truth (in laboratory, research community) 3. Expansion of model world: Replication of local configuration (application of scientific findings) Epistemische Autorität

14 Example: strawberry market (Garcia-Parpet 2007) Scientific-technological progress as application of knowledge about the natural world 1. Installation of model world: reduction of complex reality (object and research collective) 2. Reconfiguration of model world: experimenatl construction of local truth (in laboratory, research community) 3. Expansion of model world: Replication of local configuration (application of scientific findings) Epistemische Autorität Societal interaction Market model Optimized strawberry trading Fontaines En-Sologne

15 Environmental policy Example: emissions trading (Voß 2007) Modeling Coase 1960, Dales 1968, Montgomery 1972 Modeling Evaluation Ex. 1 Tietenberg 1985 US EPA Flex. regulation EPA ET policy 1982 Modeling Evaluation Ex. 2 Ellerman et al 2000 US Acid Rain Project 88 CAA RECLAIM 1994 EU ETS Green paper 2003 Directive 2005 Policy learning: Application of knowledge about conditions of environmental policy Constructing theorised reality in model world Reduction Expansion

16 Realising order – a mode of governanceRealising order – a mode of governance Establishment of new research fields and scientific truths Establishment of new political coalitiions and institutional orders Knowledge production Public policy production Epistemic authority (representing reality): orientation and legitimacy for collective action Political authority (representing social will): infrastructure, resources and real world experiments for knowledge production Real world experiment a new political reality Configuration of collective knowing configuration of collective practice

17 Realising order – a mode of governanceRealising order – a mode of governance Establishment of new research fields and scientific truths Establishment of new political coaltions and institutional orders Knowledge production Public policy production Epistemic authority (representing reality): orientation and legitimacy for collective action Political authority (representing social will): infrastructure, resources and real world experimetns for knowledge production Real world experiment a new political reality Configuration of collective knowing configuration of collective practice

18 Realising order – a mode of governanceRealising order – a mode of governance

19 UK, climate ETG 1999 ETS 2002 NAP BP/ Shell 1998 China climate policy Australia climate NAP US lead in gas Knowledge production as global centre of governing at a distance (Latour 1987, Miller and Rose 1992) Flexible regulation CAA 1977 offsets EPA ET policy EPA OPM credits 1979 US EPA Project 88 CAA 1990 – US Acid Rain 1995 RECLAIM 1994 NOx Budget 1999 … US Acid Rain Montreal protocol NAP EU ETS Japan climate policy Ellerman et al 2000 US climate policy OECD 1992, 1997… Green paper 2000 Draft directive 2001 Directive 2005 EU-ETS I, II Linking directive 2009 Coase 1960 Dales 1968 Montgomery 1972 Tietenberg 1985 Crocker 1966 Kyoto Prot 1997 Flexible mechanisms ET model development

20 Knowledge production as global centre of governing at a distance (Latour 1987, Miller and Rose 1992) India, GMO 2001 UK, various domains since 1996 ca 300 citizen juries France, GMO 1998 conf. De citoyens Denmark, technology, environment Russia, 2006 Spain, 1991 UK, GMO Citizen panel 1994 USA, Telecom 1997 CH, Electricity 1998, publiforum USA (etc.), Mecical assessment 1976 New Zealand, GMO 1996 Canada, GMO 1999 Norway, GMO 1997 Denmark, biodiversity 1987 Australia, GMO 1999 Germany, municipal planning Germany, various domains USA, Elections, 1973 USA, various domains 1984 Japan, since 2005 ca 100 planning cells Korea, GMO 1998 Citizen Jury US Crosby 1971, Jefferson Centre 1972, Schwelm 1976 Hagen 1979 Cologne League of Womens Voters1989 Citizen Initiative Review 2001 Citizens Jury ® 1987 EU, brain science, 2004 World Wide Views Climate Change 2009 Biodiversity 2012 Planning cell Dienel 1971 article Planungszelle Research centre, Network citcom, GfB, nexus 1978 book Planungszelle Citizens jury Inst. Public Policy Res. (IPPR), Stewart et al PEAL 2001: DIY toolkit consensus conference Danish Board of Technology Joss/Durant 1995 TA Networks: EU PATH, CIPAST Citizen panels Journals, conferences professional associations (IAP2) Design standards Comparative research, deliberation experiments

21 1.Dynamics of innovation networks – instruments as political actors 2.Co-production of model and social order – entanglement of knowledge production and politics 3.Patterns of innovation between lab and field – interplay of de-contextualisation and re-contextualisation 4.Ambivalence of model based innovation – own dynamics and side-effects 5.Challenges of responsible innovation in governance – exploring concerns and controversial design issues Selected topicsSelected topics

22 Emissions trading: Innovation as implementation expanding the laboratory (Latour 1983, Callon 1998, 2007, Rip/Schot 2002) 22

23 Citzen panels: Innovation as aggregation cosmopolitanising design knowledge (Deuten 2003, Geels/Deuten 2006) 23

24 Biodiversity offsets and banking: innovation as folded aggregation & implementation Local practices and gestation of theoretical model Inter-local exchange and partial connect with theoretical model Translocal knowledge and expansion of theoretical model Tension between alternative design knowledge with global regime

25 1.Dynamics of innovation networks – instruments as political actors 2.Co-production of model and social order – entanglement of knowledge production and politics 3.Patterns of innovation between lab and field – interplay of de-contextualisation and re-contextualisation 4.Ambivalence of model based innovation – own dynamics and side-effects 5.Challenges of responsible innovation in governance – exploring concerns and controversial design issues Selected topicsSelected topics

26 Ambivalence of model based innovationAmbivalence of model based innovation Configuring a de-contextualised functional model + internal control - external repercussions and side effects Worldviews and value decisions remain implicit in model design + depoliticisation of design process - bypassing democracy, delayed conflict Spreading and installing the design becomes end in itself + drive for innovation - strategic marketing und lobbying -exaggerates promises -makes policy problems fit solutions

27 governance innovation takes similar forms as technological innovation – search for functional configurations to be replicated and upscaled – construction of functionality as a specific reduction of complexity – politics and wider repercussions not explicated – social dynamics, supply push similar challenges as technological innovation – anticipate world-making, explicate and discuss values, hold politically accountable Social dynamics and side-effects of innovation – also in governance

28 1.Dynamics of innovation networks – instruments as political actors 2.Co-production of model and social order – entanglement of knowledge production and politics 3.Patterns of innovation between lab and field – interplay of de-contextualisation and re-contextualisation 4.Ambivalence of model based innovation – own dynamics and side-effects 5.Challenges of responsible innovation in governance – exploring concerns and controversial design issues Selected topicsSelected topics

29 TN BOBTN BOB

30 the technical problem: universal measurement standards – How can the value of different pieces of nature be measured and compared? a political issue: diverse experiences and concepts of nature – the (potentially global) normalization of apprehending and handling nature – shifting politics (and corruption) from the public to expert spaces alternatives: contextualising the appraisal of trade-offs – (participatory) appraisal of individual cases in context – valuation procedures as indigineous knowledge, specific for spaces of culture/nature – embedding methods development in public debate (watchdogs) Exemplary issue biodiversity offsets: equivalence of nature(protection)

31

32 the technical problem: quality management – Which standards guarantee well functioning citizen panels? a political issue: diverse concepts of the function of citizen panels – What and where is the public? Which intervention is required to bring it into existence (deliberation, empowerment, collective enquiry)? – Reinventing democracy, standards as de facto constitution building alternatives: – Generic principles and a modular methods toolkit – Situational negotiation of participatory procedures – Reflexive quality assurance: open design with transparent and critical evaluation of specific bias of procedure (despatch note) Exemplary issue citizen panels: standards of public participation

33 Innovation is more than extra smart problem-solving – Social life and own dynamics, instruments as political actors, entanglement of knowledge and politics, model-making as a global centre of power, side-effects and displaced politics – A general problem of autonomous innovation Innovating governance for SD requires – anticipate effects in interaction with situational contexts – Repercussions beyond the model: which world is being made? – Cultural and political impacts: implicit normativity – Appraisal is a matter of multiple perspectives A challenge of holding innovation politically accountable – …but how? Conclusion

34 Thank youThank you

35 Schomberg,Rene (2011) Prospects for Technology Assessment in a framework of responsible research and innovation in: Technikfolgen abschätzen lehren: Bildungspotenziale transdisziplinärer Methode, P.39-61, Wiesbaden: Springer VS Richard Owen, John Bessant, Maggy Heintz (2013): Responsible Innovation: Managing the Responsible Emergence of Science and Innovation in Society. Chichester: Wiley References


Download ppt "Innovating governance for sustainable development? On dynamics of instruments and challenges of responsible innovation in governance Jan-Peter Voß, TU."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google