Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

A Historical Scan of Albertas Land Use Context for the Alberta Land Institute Calgary September 17th, 2012.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "A Historical Scan of Albertas Land Use Context for the Alberta Land Institute Calgary September 17th, 2012."— Presentation transcript:

1 A Historical Scan of Albertas Land Use Context for the Alberta Land Institute Calgary September 17th, 2012

2 Albertas Land Use Luminescence Alberta Alberta Land Institute 2

3 Alberta is Firing on All Land Use Cylinders 1-2 million head of cattle harvested 1-2 million head of cattle harvested 2-3 million head of swine harvested 2-3 million head of swine harvested 100-120 million kg of poultry harvested 100-120 million kg of poultry harvested 25-35 million tonne of crop harvested 25-35 million tonne of crop harvested 20-25 million m 3 of timber harvested 20-25 million m 3 of timber harvested 150-160 billion m 3 of natural gas produced 150-160 billion m 3 of natural gas produced 25-35 million m 3 of conventional oil produced 25-35 million m 3 of conventional oil produced 60-80 million m 3 of bitumen produced 60-80 million m 3 of bitumen produced 25-35 million tonne of coal produced 25-35 million tonne of coal produced 1200-1500 petajoules of electricity produced 1200-1500 petajoules of electricity produced Alberta Land Institute 3

4 Albertas 20 th Century Transformation 11,000,000 ha Cultivated Cropland (17%) 11,000,000 ha Cultivated Cropland (17%) 14,000,000 ha for Livestock Grazing Lands (21%) 14,000,000 ha for Livestock Grazing Lands (21%) 24,200,000 ha of ABs Forests within FMA (36%) 24,200,000 ha of ABs Forests within FMA (36%) 225,000 ha for Cities and Towns 225,000 ha for Cities and Towns 340,000 ha in Acreages 340,000 ha in Acreages 1,100,000 ha direct footprint for Energy Sector 1,100,000 ha direct footprint for Energy Sector 400,000 ha direct footprint for Transportation 400,000 ha direct footprint for Transportation 30,000 ha direct footprint in Recreation 30,000 ha direct footprint in Recreation LAND-USE FOOTPRINT LAND-USE FOOTPRINT All Landuses: All Landuses: 51,200,000 ha (77% of AB) 51,200,000 ha (77% of AB) Alberta Land Institute 4

5 A History of Natural Resource Landuse 1800 1850 1900 1950 2000 Year Trapping Agriculture Energy First Nations Forestry and Mining Relative Importance High Moderate Low Bison Hunting Alberta Land Institute 5

6 19101920193019401950 1960 19701980199020002010 A History of Albertas Population AB Population Human Population Density (people/km 2 ) Pre-industrial 19101920193019401950196019701980199020002010 0.001 - 0.026 0.027 - 0.092 0.093 - 0.309 0.310 - 0.742 0.743 - 1.394 1.395 - 3.038 3.039 – 10,715.150 Alberta Land Institute 6

7 Calgarys Expanding Footprint 9337 ha 58,057 ha 294,355 ha 1951 2007 2057 Calgary Alberta Land Institute 7

8 A History of Forest Management Agreements 1905 1915 1925 1935 1945 1955 1965 1975 1985 1995 2005 Alberta Land Institute 8

9 19101920193019401950 1960 19701980199020002010 A History of Albertas Energy Footprint Total area (ha) of well FT % Well FT 0.001 - 0.033 0.034 - 0.096 0.097 - 0.188 0.189 - 0.308 0.309 - 0.485 0.486 - 0.951 0.952 - 10.488 Pre-industrial19101920193019401950196019701980199020002010 Alberta Land Institute 9

10 19101920193019401950 1960 19701980199020002010 A History of Albertas Transportation Network % Transportation FT 0.001 - 0.260 0.261 - 0.535 0.536 - 0.928 0.929 - 1.382 1.383 - 1.897 1.898 - 2.384 2.385 - 6.059 Pre-industrial19101920193019401950196019701980199020002010 Alberta Land Institute 10

11 19101920193019401950 1960 19701980199020002010 A History of Albertas Cropland % Cropland 0.01 - 10.20 10.21 - 29.41 29.42 - 49.87 49.88 - 64.65 64.66 - 76.21 76.22 - 85.69 85.7 - 96.47 Pre-industrial19101920193019401950196019701980199020002010 11

12 19101920193019401950 1960 19701980199020002010 A History of Albertas Cattle Population AB Cattle Population Pre-industrial19101920193019401950196019701980199020002010 Cattle Density (animals/km 2 ) 0.001 - 0.220 0.221 - 2.665 2.666 - 9.171 9.172 - 14.110 14.111 - 21.570 21.571 - 33.178 33.179 – 16,991.955 Alberta Land Institute 12

13 1910 1920193019401950 1960 19701980199020002010 A History of Albertas Water Demand Average Water Use (m 3 /ha) Water Use (m 3 /ha) 0.001 - 0.105 0.106 - 0.464 0.465 - 2.472 2.473 - 6.835 6.836 - 20.272 20.273 - 93.737 93.738 – 3,012.780 Does not include water use by insitu wells Pre-industrial19101920193019401950196019701980199020002010 Alberta Land Institute 13

14 19101920193019401950 1960 19701980199020002010 A History of Albertas Water Quality Water Index 0.991 - 0.999 0.979 - 0.990 0.959 - 0.978 0.894 - 0.958 0.716 - 0.893 0.533 - 0.715 0.086 - 0.532 Pre-industrial19101920193019401950196019701980199020002010 Areas without a coloured grid cell have an index of 1 meaning no threat. Average provincial response index Alberta Land Institute 14

15 Black Loam Soils and Land Use Footprints ~In next 50 years, current policies lead to a net loss of ~900,000 ha of Albertas higher quality soils and cropland in the Edmonton to Calgary corridor Alberta Land Institute 15

16 Loss of Surface Standing Water Area Historically, surface water viewed as impediment to crop production Historically, surface water viewed as impediment to crop production Potholes were systematically drained; ~70% of potholes in prairies are gone Potholes were systematically drained; ~70% of potholes in prairies are gone These wetlands are critical to soil recharge of water, storage of organics, and aquifer replenishment These wetlands are critical to soil recharge of water, storage of organics, and aquifer replenishment Alberta Land Institute 16

17 The Intensification of Farming Alberta Land Institute 17

18 Biodiversity Response Surface to Agriculture ALCES Simulations Alberta Agriculture Assessment Alberta Land Institute 18

19 White Area Wildlife Species that are Listed Swift Fox Swift Fox Sage Grouse Sage Grouse Prairie Rattlesnake Prairie Rattlesnake Burrowing Owl Burrowing Owl Bull Trout Bull Trout Piping Plover Piping Plover Leopard Frog Leopard Frog Ferruginous Hawk Ferruginous Hawk Alberta Land Institute 19

20 Gross Domestic Product($) True Economic Performance ($ over Time) Ecological Services Product (Time) Commodity Production (-) Commodity Production draws down Natural Capital Natural Resource Accounts (+) Natural Capital fuels Commodity Production A New Mandate and Philosophy Alberta Land Institute 20


Download ppt "A Historical Scan of Albertas Land Use Context for the Alberta Land Institute Calgary September 17th, 2012."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google