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A Historical Scan of Albertas Land Use Context for the Alberta Land Institute Calgary September 17th, 2012.

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Presentation on theme: "A Historical Scan of Albertas Land Use Context for the Alberta Land Institute Calgary September 17th, 2012."— Presentation transcript:

1 A Historical Scan of Albertas Land Use Context for the Alberta Land Institute Calgary September 17th, 2012

2 Albertas Land Use Luminescence Alberta Alberta Land Institute 2

3 Alberta is Firing on All Land Use Cylinders 1-2 million head of cattle harvested 1-2 million head of cattle harvested 2-3 million head of swine harvested 2-3 million head of swine harvested million kg of poultry harvested million kg of poultry harvested million tonne of crop harvested million tonne of crop harvested million m 3 of timber harvested million m 3 of timber harvested billion m 3 of natural gas produced billion m 3 of natural gas produced million m 3 of conventional oil produced million m 3 of conventional oil produced million m 3 of bitumen produced million m 3 of bitumen produced million tonne of coal produced million tonne of coal produced petajoules of electricity produced petajoules of electricity produced Alberta Land Institute 3

4 Albertas 20 th Century Transformation 11,000,000 ha Cultivated Cropland (17%) 11,000,000 ha Cultivated Cropland (17%) 14,000,000 ha for Livestock Grazing Lands (21%) 14,000,000 ha for Livestock Grazing Lands (21%) 24,200,000 ha of ABs Forests within FMA (36%) 24,200,000 ha of ABs Forests within FMA (36%) 225,000 ha for Cities and Towns 225,000 ha for Cities and Towns 340,000 ha in Acreages 340,000 ha in Acreages 1,100,000 ha direct footprint for Energy Sector 1,100,000 ha direct footprint for Energy Sector 400,000 ha direct footprint for Transportation 400,000 ha direct footprint for Transportation 30,000 ha direct footprint in Recreation 30,000 ha direct footprint in Recreation LAND-USE FOOTPRINT LAND-USE FOOTPRINT All Landuses: All Landuses: 51,200,000 ha (77% of AB) 51,200,000 ha (77% of AB) Alberta Land Institute 4

5 A History of Natural Resource Landuse Year Trapping Agriculture Energy First Nations Forestry and Mining Relative Importance High Moderate Low Bison Hunting Alberta Land Institute 5

6 A History of Albertas Population AB Population Human Population Density (people/km 2 ) Pre-industrial – 10, Alberta Land Institute 6

7 Calgarys Expanding Footprint 9337 ha 58,057 ha 294,355 ha Calgary Alberta Land Institute 7

8 A History of Forest Management Agreements Alberta Land Institute 8

9 A History of Albertas Energy Footprint Total area (ha) of well FT % Well FT Pre-industrial Alberta Land Institute 9

10 A History of Albertas Transportation Network % Transportation FT Pre-industrial Alberta Land Institute 10

11 A History of Albertas Cropland % Cropland Pre-industrial

12 A History of Albertas Cattle Population AB Cattle Population Pre-industrial Cattle Density (animals/km 2 ) – 16, Alberta Land Institute 12

13 A History of Albertas Water Demand Average Water Use (m 3 /ha) Water Use (m 3 /ha) – 3, Does not include water use by insitu wells Pre-industrial Alberta Land Institute 13

14 A History of Albertas Water Quality Water Index Pre-industrial Areas without a coloured grid cell have an index of 1 meaning no threat. Average provincial response index Alberta Land Institute 14

15 Black Loam Soils and Land Use Footprints ~In next 50 years, current policies lead to a net loss of ~900,000 ha of Albertas higher quality soils and cropland in the Edmonton to Calgary corridor Alberta Land Institute 15

16 Loss of Surface Standing Water Area Historically, surface water viewed as impediment to crop production Historically, surface water viewed as impediment to crop production Potholes were systematically drained; ~70% of potholes in prairies are gone Potholes were systematically drained; ~70% of potholes in prairies are gone These wetlands are critical to soil recharge of water, storage of organics, and aquifer replenishment These wetlands are critical to soil recharge of water, storage of organics, and aquifer replenishment Alberta Land Institute 16

17 The Intensification of Farming Alberta Land Institute 17

18 Biodiversity Response Surface to Agriculture ALCES Simulations Alberta Agriculture Assessment Alberta Land Institute 18

19 White Area Wildlife Species that are Listed Swift Fox Swift Fox Sage Grouse Sage Grouse Prairie Rattlesnake Prairie Rattlesnake Burrowing Owl Burrowing Owl Bull Trout Bull Trout Piping Plover Piping Plover Leopard Frog Leopard Frog Ferruginous Hawk Ferruginous Hawk Alberta Land Institute 19

20 Gross Domestic Product($) True Economic Performance ($ over Time) Ecological Services Product (Time) Commodity Production (-) Commodity Production draws down Natural Capital Natural Resource Accounts (+) Natural Capital fuels Commodity Production A New Mandate and Philosophy Alberta Land Institute 20


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