Presentation on theme: "W e A re N ot A lone B ecause of E nceladus RED Co-investigators on team JeeWon Jeon DongWook Kim Sungbeum Bae MinJae Kim Team Mission Principle Investigator."— Presentation transcript:
W e A re N ot A lone B ecause of E nceladus RED Co-investigators on team JeeWon Jeon DongWook Kim Sungbeum Bae MinJae Kim Team Mission Principle Investigator (Spokesperson) KunWook Lee
Contents I. Information About Enceladus II. Preparing III. Launching and Investigation IV. Other investigations
I. Information about Enceladus
About Enceladus Cycle of revolution1.37 days Diameter500km SurfaceCovered with ice Temperature -210 Acceleration of gravity0.114m/s 2 Composition of AtmostphereH 2 O(91%), N(4%), CO 2 (3.2%), CH 4 (1.7%) Mass1.082 X 10 20
Mission Objective Mission Statement: 1. Searching for life in Enceladus 2. Investigating the environment of Enceladus Science Goals 1. Clarifying whether Enceladus has lives or not. 2. Investigating the structure of Enceladus.
Why is Enceladus important? - Organic chemicals (Cassini found it) - Magnetic field (from Saturn, protect solar wind) - Energy - Water
Previous research Voyagers -Measured its diameter about 500km long -Enceladus was located in the densest part of Saturn's diffuse E- ring Cassini -Found water geysers in the south pole -Investigated the composition of water (found organic chemicals.)
1. Conditions of water (composition, temperature, etc) 2. Isotope of carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, sulfur 3. Periodical changes of composition 4. Physical conditions inside of the Ocean 5. Structure of Enceladus 6. Configuration of the ocean floor What we want to investigate?
What we want to find? 1. RNA 2. DNA 3. Amino Acid 4. H 2 S 5. CH 4, NH 3
Instruments - Camera -At least, two kinds of lens one for visible, other for infrared -Take pictures -Make videos -Investigate temperature -Find out the most thin layer
Instruments - Sonar
Principle of Sonar -The principle : Reflection of supersonic waves.
Mapping -Map the geographical features.
Instruments - Laser Spectrometer - Composition of the gas - Whether there are some particles or not.
Instruments – GC/MS (Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry) Gas Chromatograph Mass Spectrometry
Inner Structure of GC/MS
- identify unknown samples that we collected. Using GC/MS - Observe unknown samples Periodical changes of composition
Instruments - Seismography - Investigating the inner structure of Enceladus - Using 3 Seismography forming an equilateral triangle shape.
III. Launching and investigation
Where is the most interesting place? -The south pole And why?? -geysers -Biomarkers
Timeline Feb, 2027 Lander completes dissolving ice. Separate submarine(probe) and start probing. Jan, 2020 Lift off.Aug, 2021 Swing by at Venus.Oct, 2021 Swing by at Earth. Apr, 2023 Swing by at Jupiter. Sep, 2026 Go into the Saturn's orbit Nov, 2026 Go into the Enceladus' orbit, start mapping. Dec, 2026 Dropping lander and three seismographs Lander starts dissolving ice
seismography lander spacecraft Find appropriate area by using Thermal/visible camera
The Front Of Submarine Thermal/visible Camera
1. Find small particles easily 2. Increase the probability that we find biomarkers 3. Measure changes of composition The Side Of Submarine Sonar Laser Spectrometer Laser Spectrometer Antenna GC/MS Computer RTG
Mapping configuration of the ocean floor
! Small particles Searching for samples to collect Collect particles Collect particles
Submarine Spacecraft Communication
Why is Our Mission Special? 1. Find small particles easily 2. Increase the probability that we find biomarkers 3. Measure changes of composition
Other Investigations that we can Offer 1. Ocean current 2. Magnetite 3. Environment inside the crust