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Phases of Matter Mr. Skirbst Physical Science Topic 09
Phases of Matter Determined by particle arrangement and speed
4 Phases of Matter 1.Solid
4 Phases of Matter 1.Solid - have a definite shape and a definite volume
4 Phases of Matter 1.Solid (particles are tightly packed and move slowly)
4 Phases of Matter 2.Liquid
4 Phases of Matter 2.Liquid - have no definite shape and a definite volume
4 Phases of Matter 2.Liquid (particles are free to move)
4 Phases of Matter 3.Gas
4 Phases of Matter 3.Gas - have no definite shape and no definite volume
4 Phases of Matter 3.Gas (particles are in constant motion)
4 Phases of Matter 4.Plasma
4 Phases of Matter 4.Plasma - cannot be contained by ordinary matter
4 Phases of Matter 4.Plasma (VERY HIGH energy ex. Sun, lightning)
Phase Changes The change from one phase of matter to another due to changes in energy
Phase Changes SOLID – LIQUID:
Phase Changes SOLID – LIQUID: - Melting (solid to liquid)
Phase Changes SOLID – LIQUID: - Melting (solid to liquid) due to an absorption of heat energy
Phase Changes SOLID – LIQUID: - Freezing (liquid to solid)
Phase Changes SOLID – LIQUID: - Freezing (liquid to solid) due to a release of heat energy
Phase Changes SOLID – LIQUID: - Heat of Fusion 80 cal./g (water)
Phase Changes LIQUID - GAS:
Phase Changes LIQUID - GAS: - Vaporization (liquid to gas)
Phase Changes LIQUID - GAS: - Vaporization (liquid to gas) due to an absorption of heat energy
Phase Changes LIQUID - GAS: - Condensation (gas to liquid)
Phase Changes LIQUID - GAS: - Condensation (gas to liquid) due to a release of heat energy
Phase Changes LIQUID - GAS: - Heat of Vaporization 540 cal./g (water)
Phase Changes SOLID - GAS:
Phase Changes SOLID - GAS: Sublimation (solid to gas)
Phase Changes SOLID - GAS: Sublimation (solid to gas) -due to absorbing heat energy
Gas Laws Laws that describe the behavior of gasses under certain conditions
Gas Laws BOYLES LAW: Pressure and volume are inversely related (as one goes up, the other goes down)
Gas Laws CHARLES LAW: Temperature and volume are directly related (as one goes up, the other goes up)
Gas Law Equations
Lesson 7: Just A Phase Key Terms. Solid A solid has definite volume and definite shape. The particles in a solid are closely packed and vibrate in relation.
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Solids Solid is a state of matter in which materials have a definite shape and a definite volume. Molecules/Atoms are tightly packed in a pattern and vibrate.
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Vocabulary Set #1. Condensation the process of changing from a gas to a liquid.
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Plasma. Solid A solid is matter that has a definite shape and volume. Particles in a solid are packed closely together. Particles vibrate in place,
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