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© OECD/IEA 2010 Importance of monthly statistics on Natural Gas Mieke Reece Oil and Gas Statistics IEA Energy Data Centre Mieke Reece Oil and Gas Statistics.

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Presentation on theme: "© OECD/IEA 2010 Importance of monthly statistics on Natural Gas Mieke Reece Oil and Gas Statistics IEA Energy Data Centre Mieke Reece Oil and Gas Statistics."— Presentation transcript:

1 © OECD/IEA 2010 Importance of monthly statistics on Natural Gas Mieke Reece Oil and Gas Statistics IEA Energy Data Centre Mieke Reece Oil and Gas Statistics IEA Energy Data Centre Seminar Compilation of Natural Gas Statistics 27 February 2012 United Nations, New York

2 © OECD/IEA 2012 Seminar Natural gas statistics - UN 27 February 2012 What is natural gas The importance and use of natural gas in the world The outlook for Natural Gas The need for monthly data IEAs monthly gas data collection system Overview

3 © OECD/IEA 2012 Seminar Natural gas statistics - UN 27 February 2012 What is natural gas? Natural gas comprises several gases, but consists mainly of methane. It can be in gaseous form or in liquid state (LNG) LNG is liquefied natural gas that has been converted temporarily to liquid form for ease of storage or transport. It is condensed into a liquid at close to atmospheric pressure by cooling it to 162 °C (260 °F).

4 © OECD/IEA 2012 Seminar Natural gas statistics - UN 27 February 2012 What is natural gas The importance and use of natural gas in the world The outlook for Natural Gas The need for monthly data IEAs monthly gas data collection system Overview

5 © OECD/IEA 2012 Seminar Natural gas statistics - UN 27 February 2012 World - Share of natural gas in the energy mix Increase in the share of natural gas in the world

6 © OECD/IEA 2012 Seminar Natural gas statistics - UN 27 February 2012 World – Use of natural gas Natural gas use mainly for power generation In the other category, gas is used mainly for residential consumption

7 © OECD/IEA 2012 Seminar Natural gas statistics - UN 27 February 2012 Who are the big players in the gas market?

8 © OECD/IEA 2012 Seminar Natural gas statistics - UN 27 February % 51%

9 © OECD/IEA 2012 Seminar Natural gas statistics - UN 27 February 2012 World Regional Growth Natural Gas Consumption 2009

10 © OECD/IEA 2012 Seminar Natural gas statistics - UN 27 February 2012 What is natural gas The importance and use of natural gas in the world The outlook for Natural Gas The need for monthly data IEAs monthly gas data collection system Overview

11 © OECD/IEA 2012 Seminar Natural gas statistics - UN 27 February 2012 The future of gas ? – A growing market Global gas demand is expected to grow by 2% per year(*) (*) WEO - current policies scenario

12 © OECD/IEA 2012 Seminar Natural gas statistics - UN 27 February 2012 Natural gas – why is it an attractive fuel? Reserves – plenty available, about 60 years R/P Production techniques – new production methods, more efficient and less expensive Transport (LNG) Energy security: several aspects : Diversify away from oil Increase security if indigenous production of gas Shale gas Clean fuel – CO2 emissions lower than for coal and oil

13 © OECD/IEA 2012 Seminar Natural gas statistics - UN 27 February 2012 What is natural gas The importance and use of natural gas in the world The outlook for Natural Gas The need for monthly data IEAs monthly gas data collection system Overview

14 © OECD/IEA 2012 Seminar Natural gas statistics - UN 27 February 2012 Natural gas - supply and consumption Marketed Production Imports Exports Stock Build Inland Consumption Transport Transformation Industry Residential Commercial Agriculture Stock Draw Distribution Losses Energy LNG Pipe line LNG Pipe line What data are collected on an annual basis?

15 © OECD/IEA 2012 Seminar Natural gas statistics - UN 27 February 2012 Why are annual data not enough? Natural gas is very seasonal - swings in monthly consumption are enormous Natural gas market changing from a regional market to a global market (mainly because of LNG) Energy security reasons: timely data is essential if there is an international gas crisis Gas market transparency: the gas market needs more transparency as production, trade flows and consumption are not available for the world on a monthly basis.

16 © OECD/IEA 2012 Seminar Natural gas statistics - UN 27 February 2012 Seasonality in gas demand

17 © OECD/IEA 2012 Seminar Natural gas statistics - UN 27 February 2012 Natural gas is becoming a global market Trade of natural gas is expanding Particularly LNG market: more than doubled in 10 years More sources of LNG (e.g. Norway, Russia) More importers of LNG ( e.g. Brazil, Chile) LNG can be transported all over the world Spot markets and hubs are developing Many future projects in the pipeline: liquefaction terminals, regasification units etc

18 © OECD/IEA 2012 Seminar Natural gas statistics - UN 27 February 2012

19 © OECD/IEA 2012 Seminar Natural gas statistics - UN 27 February 2012 Monthly data essential for energy security Countries need to know how dependent they are from certain import sources In the past: long term contracts with a few suppliers Now : some long term gas, but peak demand is often met by spot purchases of LNG. Gas storage and stock levels important to deal with seasonal demand Annual data is not timely enough to monitor the gas markets.

20 © OECD/IEA 2012 Seminar Natural gas statistics - UN 27 February 2012 A few recent examples February 2012 Extreme cold weather spell in Europe: Supplies from Russia were reduced by 10% for a few days, before returning to normal levels. Several countries had historic high consumption and needed to compensate Russian gas from other sources. Crisis measures had to be taken in several European countries: Poland, Italy, Romania, Greece etc. Ukraine – Russia dispute in January 2009 A 3-week disruption, the largest gas crisis in Europes history with a total loss of more than 5 bcm for Europe and some 2 bcm for Ukraine. To be able to monitor these types of crises annual data are not sufficient – more timely monthly data are essential

21 © OECD/IEA 2012 Seminar Natural gas statistics - UN 27 February 2012 Monthly data for investment planning Monthly gas demand highly sensitive to weather and temperature There is a need to balance supply and demand at any point of time during the year. Decisions on gas storage and investments in infrastructure are based on monthly data.

22 © OECD/IEA 2012 Seminar Natural gas statistics - UN 27 February 2012 Monthly data for gas market transparency OECD countries report monthly natural gas data to IEA Growing share of gas demand is from non-OECD countries (in 2010 – 51% and by 2035 expected to be 61%) There is a large gap in monthly gas market information for the non-OECD countries There is therefore a need to fill this data gap which can be accomplished by the 7 international organisations collecting

23 © OECD/IEA 2012 Seminar Natural gas statistics - UN 27 February 2012 IEAs monthly gas data collection Monthly Gas Statistics collected since January 1984 Data on Production, trade, stock changes and consumption Trade by origin and destination Collected for M-2 Gas trade flows Objective: to monitor physical gas trade flows in Europe Launched to solve problems with traditional trade reporting Gas Jodi Started in October 2010 Data for M-1

24 © OECD/IEA 2012 Seminar Natural gas statistics - UN 27 February 2012 Natural gas – monthly versus annual Marketed Production Imports Exports Stock Build Inland Consumption Transport Transformation Industry Residential Commercial Agriculture Stock Draw Distribution Losses Energy LNG Pipe line LNG Pipe line Annual data Monthly data

25 © OECD/IEA 2012 Seminar Natural gas statistics - UN 27 February 2012 Entry Exit Monthly Gas Trade Flows Project Monthly Data

26 © OECD/IEA 2012 Seminar Natural gas statistics - UN 27 February 2012 Monthly Gas Data - GTF 3.The Monthly Gas Trade Flows To improve transparency in the European gas market, the IEA has been collecting monthly gas flow data on an entry and exit point basis (physical flows) for winter and has made it available on an interactive map. Clicking on border points and countries will show additional gas information. You can also explore other options as provided by the software, for example the full screen mode by clicking at the bottom of the map on To improve transparency in the European gas market, the IEA has been collecting monthly gas flow data on an entry and exit point basis (physical flows) for winter and has made it available on an interactive map. Clicking on border points and countries will show additional gas information. You can also explore other options as provided by the software, for example the full screen mode by clicking at the bottom of the map on

27 © OECD/IEA 2012 Seminar Natural gas statistics - UN 27 February 2012 Free on the iea website:

28 © OECD/IEA 2012 Seminar Natural gas statistics - UN 27 February 2012 Monthly Gas data – Gas JODI 4.GAS JODI - monthly gas data for M-1 Only one NEW Item!

29 © OECD/IEA 2012 Seminar Natural gas statistics - UN 27 February 2012 Thank you !


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