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Gay-Lussacsโ€™ Law Problem

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Presentation on theme: "Gay-Lussacsโ€™ Law Problem "โ€” Presentation transcript:

1 Gay-Lussacsโ€™ Law Problem ๐‘ท๐Ÿ/๐‘ป๐Ÿ = ๐‘ท๐Ÿ/๐‘ป๐Ÿ
The pressure in an automobile tire is 1.88 atm at 25.0ยฐC. What will be the pressure if the temperature warms up to 37.0ยฐC?

2 Combined Gas Laws ๐‘ƒ 1 ๐‘‰ 1 ๐‘‡ 1 = ๐‘ƒ 2 ๐‘‰ 2 ๐‘‡ 2

3 Combined Gas Law To derive the Combined Gas Law, do the following:
Step 1: Write Boyle's Law: P1V1 = P2V2 Step 2: Multiply by Charles Law: P1V12 / T1 = P2V22 / T2 Step 3: Multiply by Gay-Lussac's Law: P12V12 / T12 = P22V22 / T22 Step 4: Take the square root to get the combined gas law: P1V1 / T1 = P2V2 / T2

4 Combined Gas Law Problems
A toy balloon has an internal pressure of 1.05 atm and a volume of 5.0 L. If the temperature where the balloon is released is 200 C, what will happen to the volume when the balloon rises to an altitude where the pressure is 0.65 atm and the temperature is โ€“150 C?

5 ๐‘ƒ 1 ๐‘‰ 1 ๐‘‡ 1 = ๐‘ƒ 2 ๐‘‰ 2 ๐‘‡ 2 (1.05๐‘Ž๐‘ก๐‘š)(5.0๐ฟ) (273+20๐ถ) = (0.65๐‘Ž๐‘ก๐‘š)( ๐‘‰ 2 ) (273 โˆ’15๐ถ) V=7.11 L

6 Combined Gas Law Problems
If I initially have 4.0 L of a gas at a pressure of 1.1 atm, what will the volume be if I increase the pressure to 3.4 atm?

7 Combined Gas Law Problems
A small research submarine with a volume of 1.2 x 105 L has an internal pressure of 1.0 atm and an internal temperature of 150 C. If the submarine descends to a depth where the pressure is 150 atm and the temperature is 30 C, what will the volume of the gas inside be if the hull of the submarine breaks?

8 Combined Gas Law Problems
People who are angry sometimes say that they feel as if theyโ€™ll explode. If a calm person with a lung capacity of 3.5 liters and a body temperature of 360 C gets angry, what will the volume of the personโ€™s lungs be if their temperature rises to 390 C. Based on this, do you think itโ€™s likely they will explode?


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