Presentation on theme: "Department of Mathematics and Science Physical Science Big Idea 8: Properties of Matter Grade 5 Quarter 1 Topic 3 Properties of Matter Practicing Science:"— Presentation transcript:
Department of Mathematics and Science Physical Science Big Idea 8: Properties of Matter Grade 5 Quarter 1 Topic 3 Properties of Matter Practicing Science: Observing the Natural World of Matter Mary Tweedy, CSS Keisha Kidd, CSS Dr. Millard Lightburn, District Science Supervisor
Department of Mathematics and Science Grade 5 Pacing Guide Topic 1: Practicing Science Benchmarks Grade 5 Pacing Guide Topic 1: Practicing Science SC.5.P.8.1 Compare and contrast the basic properties of solids, liquids, and gases, such as mass, volume, color, texture, and temperature. SC.5.N.1.1 Define a problem, use appropriate reference materials to support scientific understanding, plan and carry out scientific investigations of various types such as: systematic observations, experiments requiring the identification of variables, collecting and organizing data, interpreting data in charts, tables, and graphics, analyze information, make predictions, and defend conclusions. AA SC.5.N.2.1 Recognize and explain that science is grounded in empirical observations that are testable; explaining must always be linked with evidence. AA SC.5.N.2.2 Recognize and explain that when scientific investigations are carried out, the evidence produced by those investigations should be replicable by others. AA MACC.5.MD.1.2 Make a line plot to display a data set of measurements in fractions of a unit (1/2, 1/4, 1/8). Use operations on fractions for this grade to solve problems involving information presented in line plots. For example, given different measurements of liquid in identical beakers, find the amount of liquid each beaker would contain if the total amount in all the beakers were redistributed equally.
Department of Mathematics and Science Practicing Science: Observing the Natural World of Matter What Is Matter? MatterMatter is the material or stuff everything is made of. What are you doing if you are observing matter? Observing matter means to carefully explore all of its properties. Look around the room and identify some matter. What are some physical properties matter can have?properties Color, texture, odor, shape… What are two properties that all matter share? All matter has mass and takes up space.masstakes up space What are the three states of matter?states of matter solid, liquid, and gas
Department of Mathematics and Science What physical properties do all solids have in common? solids The particles in solids are close together and vibrate in place. For this reason: A solid has its own definite shape and definite volume. A solid keeps its shape even when it moves.
Department of Mathematics and Science What physical properties do all liquids have in common? liquids The particles in liquids are not as close together as the particles in solids and move more freely than particles of solids. For this reason: Liquids have a definite volume. Liquids take the shape of their container. Liquids can be poured from one container to another.
Department of Mathematics and Science What physical properties do all gases have in common? gases The particles in gases move freely in all directions. For this reason: Gases have no definite size or shape. A gas take the shape of its container. A gas will fill all the space inside a container. Three States foldable Three States Venn diagram
Department of Mathematics and Science Observing and Measuring Matter Center Choose an Object to Observe Thumb Pencil Book Desk Chair Penny Drop of Water Rock Shell Plant Leaf Flower Other Choose an Observation Type List as many properties as you can about that object. What do you observe about that object quantitatively? What are all the things you observe directly about….? Describe how this object looks, feels, sounds, and/or smells.
Department of Mathematics and Science Investigation OneInvestigation One* 1.Open up your bag of objects and place them on the tray. 2.List each object in your notebook as you observe it. 3.Use your senses to make qualitative observations. Write down words to describe each object. 4.Use your measurement tools to make quantitative observations and record for each object. 5.Look over your observation notes and put all the objects that share a property together in one group. Write down the common property. 6.What word describes the object(s) left over? If more than one do they have a property in common? 7.Now classify the objects into another group and do steps 5 and 6. *Adapted from abpi Properties of Materials
Department of Mathematics and Science What are some Properties or characteristics of MatterWhat are some Properties or characteristics of Matter? Color Shape Size Luster Texture Mass Weight Length Volume State/Phase (solid, liquid or gas)
Department of Mathematics and Science Investigation Two* Equipment Needed: lab sheet, container of water, flashlight, magnet, circuit (light bulb & wires & battery in a holder connected) Procedures: Read the test below and predict which properties apply to your groups six objects. Then conduct the following tests using materials provided in order to identify which properties apply to your groups six objects. Record results on chart. Compare predictions to results. 1.Does the material change when dipped into water? (absorbent) 2.Does the material stretch and then return to shape? (elastic) 3.Does electricity flow when the material is used to complete the circuit? (conductor) 4. Is the magnet attracted to the material? (magnetic) 5.Can you scratch the material with a fingernail, penny…? (hardness) 6.Can you see through the material? (translucent -light travels through) 7.Does the material bend without breaking? (flexible) Bonus: Try to think of a new way to classify your group of objects based on the test results. *Adapted from abpi Properties of Materials
Department of Mathematics and Science Absorbent Elastic Conductor of Electricity Flexible Magnetic Hard Transparent * Opposites Investigation Two Make predictions, test and then record test results on lab sheet chart. Compare. *Fill in an opposite for each property in the row above.
Department of Mathematics and Science Match the Properties Being Tested 1.Does the material stretch and then return to shape? 2.Does electricity flow when the material is used to complete the circuit? 3.Is the magnet attracted to the material? 4.Can a penny scratch the material? 5.Can you see through the material? 6.Does the material bend without breaking? 7.Does the material change when dipped into water? A.Absorbent B.Elastic C.Electrical Conductor D.Flexible E.Magnetic F.Hard G.Transparent
Department of Mathematics and Science What can be added to the Properties of Matter List? Color Shape Size Luster Texture Mass Weight Volume State/Phase (solid, liquid or gas) Flexible Elastic Magnetic Conductor of electricity Ability to sink or float in water Ability to Dissolve in a liquid or solubility
Department of Mathematics and Science Mystery MATTER Mystery MATTER (Show What You Know) 1.Pick a small object that will fit in a paper bag. 2.Make quantitative observations (mass, length, height, volume…) 3.Make qualitative observations (texture, luster, flexibility, magnetic …) 4.Use these observations to write a description including properties that will help others identify this mystery matter. 5.Share your description with classmates and have them guess what your mystery object is.
Department of Mathematics and Science MysteryMATTER Mystery MATTER Connected Learning Choose a mystery object identified and do the following reflection: 1.Was there a property that helped you determine the mystery objects identity easier than other properties? Explain. 2.Which observations were quantitative? 3.Which observations were qualitative? 4.What are you wondering now?
Department of Mathematics and Science Investigation Three Adapted from abpi Properties of Materials Would you make: No? What Property is needed? What would be a good material? A METAL window?transparencyglass A STRING chair? A PAPER bucket? A RUBBER knife? An ALUMINUM magnet? A METAL raincoat? A GLASS football? What do we call characteristics that can be observed, measured, or changed without changing the object itself? physical properties They are the things that do not change about an object unless you change the material. Try out the questions below:
Department of Mathematics and Science Investigation Four 1.Choose an object to design. 2.It could be an umbrella, a sneaker, a backpack or something else. 3.Think about what property the object needs. For example: an umbrella needs to be waterproof. What else? tough, flexible 4. Decide on what would be a good material. 5.Draw the design and label the materials to be used and their properties.
Department of Mathematics and Science Big Idea 8: Properties of Matter Resources Common Properties of Matter: Atoms, Elements & States Chem4Kids Matter: Fremont Magnet Elementary: 5th Grade Science Matter Review Discovery Education Fun-damental: Whats the Matter?Whats the Matter? Animation: MatterMatter Reading Passage: What Is Matter?What Is Matter? Video: Identifying Properties of MatterIdentifying Properties of Matter