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Focus/Actions of the Gas Company First Responder Ron Six Sr. Utility Consultant AEGIS Insurance Services, Inc. 201-417-2487

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Presentation on theme: "Focus/Actions of the Gas Company First Responder Ron Six Sr. Utility Consultant AEGIS Insurance Services, Inc. 201-417-2487"— Presentation transcript:

1 Focus/Actions of the Gas Company First Responder Ron Six Sr. Utility Consultant AEGIS Insurance Services, Inc. 201-417-2487

2 A E G I S A ssociated E EE E lectric G GG G as I II I nsurance S SS S ervices

3 Utility Mutual Insurance Company (member owned) Formed in 1975 by 22 gas utilities Electric Utilities began joining in 1977 375 members – 95% utilities and related energy AEGIS Background Information

4 AEGIS Loss Control Division Mission To assist AEGIS Member companies maintain effective and safe operating systems while reducing their overall long-term cost of risk, by developing and providing products, services and training specifically for this purpose.

5 AEGIS AEGIS Loss Control Division Products/ Services: –Risk Assessments –Self-Administered Risk Assessment Guides –Occupational Safety & Workers Compensation Program Assessment –Training - Gas Operator * First Response * Investigation of Gas Related Incidents * Leakage Program Management * Gas Leak Pinpointing * Customer Contact * Utility Locating

6 AEGIS Loss Control Division –Lessons Learned Video Series * Too Little…. Too Late * Pressure Point * The Smell of Danger * A Toxic Tale * Hidden Danger * First Line of Defense * Recognizing and Avoiding the Hazards (Volume I & II) * Emergency Exercises A Look in the Mirror * People Dont Know What They Dont Know * Public Safety – Communication and Emergency Response * The Find and Fix Syndrome * Anatomy of a Gas Leak (A Collaborative Approach)

7 AEGIS Loss Control Division –First Responder Emergency Response Tip Cards –Hazardous Conditions (Red Tag) Procedure –Employee Public Safety Awareness Program –Review of Major Liability Losses (RMLL) Lessons Learned –Webinars (3-4 year) –Media Relations at Incident Scene –Investigating Natural Gas Incident Workshop (6 year) –Investigating Electrical Incident Workshop (4 year) –Emergency Preparedness and Response Seminar October 15-17, 2013 Indianapolis, IN

8 Our main job is not finding & fixing leaks Our main job is public safety

9 Where Things Go Wrong Complacency –Weve done this job dozens of times Tunnel Vision –Not focusing on the overall picture Shortcuts –Not following the approved procedures Lack of training/inexperience –Have never experienced this situation The above highlight the importance of using Mock Emergency Drills and Emergency Response pre-planning

10 The Athens, Ohio Incident Dont become complacent Dont ASSUME anything Dont take natural gas for granted Dont catch the Find & Fix Syndrome Follow procedures Remember your main job is Public Safety and you are also part of the Public.

11 Recent Natural Gas Incidents Springfield, MA Indianapolis, IN

12 The Combustible Gas Indicator CGI should be used to: –Classify an atmosphere Inside a building or in a confined space –Classify underground leakage Determine Where is the gas? –Pinpoint underground leakage Determine Where is the leak? You must know: How to properly use it What readings might constitute a hazardous condition

13 You arrive and get a 20% LEL (1% Gas/Air reading) in the atmosphere, just as you enter the fro5nt door. What would you do? Gas Meter 1% Gas In Air

14 In the last 20 years, over 32% of natural gas-related incidents/explosions have been a direct result of dig-ins or outside damage! This is the major reason why we should always promote the Call Before You Dig Program.

15 A contractor has snagged the 1 steel service and bowed it in the ditch. A small hole was made in the line and gas is blowing in the ditch. What would be your actions? Figure # 1 Gas Meter #6 Sewer Ditch 4 Steel Main 45 PSI ASH STREET

16 A contractor working on a highway reconstruction project struck the service line to a house, causing the service line to separate from a compression coupling near the gas main. The gas company was called at 11:15 am; a serviceman arrived on the scene at 11:45 and immediately called for a crew. Thinking the gas was venting out into the street, he sat in his truck for 20 minutes until the crew arrived. Although the damage location was only 32 feet from the incident site, no attempt was made to check nearby buildings with a combustible gas indicator for the presence of migrating gas. Incident (1998) Company Retention $5M

17 Contd. The leaking gas migrated to the house where an explosion occurred killing an elderly woman and severely burning 3 children, the explosion occurred at 1:00 pm. The children received burns to over 45% of their bodies with most of the burns occurring in the facial areas. In the settlement the contractor also paid more than $15,000,000.00 in claims. AEGIS Incurred $15 Million Incident (1998) Company Retention $5M

18 First Responder failed to recognize the gravity of the situation and made the assumption that the pulled line was leaking in only one place. The First Responders main job on a reported gas leak is to determine Where is the gas? and Is it affecting people or property? The appropriate way of determining this is with a combustible gas indicator (CGI) – Test Dont Guess! Our first priority must always be focused on Public Safety What Happened?

19 The Find and Fix Syndrome The cure for this is to ask yourself a question Where is the gas? If you can answer the question that the gas is not affecting people and it is not affecting property you are cured. You must ask yourself this question on every leak before you get into the repair mode.

20 Dig-Ins/3 rd Party Damage First Responder should monitor the area and surrounding buildings while the crew works at repairing the leak.

21 Factors Affecting Gas Migration Soil type Soil moisture Surface cover/frost Line pressure Depth of burial Leak size and age Change in elevation=slope Path of least resistance

22 Remember: The biggest built-in safety factor of natural gas is that it is lighter than air; however… it will vent to the atmosphere someplace!

23 w h e r e is the gas? Evaluating The Leak Where is the gas?

24 Evaluating The Leak here is the gas? W H E R E ow much is there? xtent of hazard (migration) elation to other structures valuate/evacuate

25 Centering = Where is the Gas?

26 Be Careful – Dont make a leak, looking for a leak. Centering The Leak Probe holes must be of sufficient depth Test all available openings Zero out N-S-E-W You must have sufficient information to make a good judgement

27 The Four Dimensions of Gas Leak Classification 1. Dispersion =Determine the perimeter of the leakage area by bar testing. 2. Location = Leakage area as compared to the surrounding environment. 3. Magnitude = CGI readings. 4. Evaluation = Operator using guidelines and his or her judgment weighing the above 3 factors.

28 GPTC Guidelines Grade 1 Definition A leak that represents an existing or probable hazard to persons or property, and requires immediate repair or continuous action until the conditions are no longer hazardous.

29 Odor complaint investigations …begin with a call

30 An odor complaint call should be considered a Grade 1 leak… until proven otherwise.

31 The Key Is Listening Not every call is a gas emergency, however, calls involving an odor complaint should be considered an emergency. Listen to the customer and ask questions in order to gather the information needed

32 The Call Center is the First Line of Defense

33 I got up this morning and thought I smelled gas. I am running late for work and wonder if you could have someone stop by to check it at 4:30 when I get off work? How would you respond? Customer Call Scenario #1 8:15 a.m.

34 I was digging to install a sewer line in the road here on Route 6 and I just hit one of your gas lines. It is leaking pretty good, could you send someone over to fix it? I shut off my backhoe after I hit the line. Is it OK if I start it up and move it? How would you respond? Customer Call Scenario #3 10:30 a.m.

35 Me alegro de que usted habla Espnol porque no hablo Ingles. Creo que tengo una fuga de gas porque huelo un olor extraño. Yo vivo en el 1500 Spring Street en Tempe, AZ. ¿Podría usted enviar ha alguien que lo pueda comprobar. Translation I'm glad that you speak Spanish because I don't speak English.I think I have a gas leak because I smell a strange odor. I live at 1500 Spring Street in Tempe, AZ. Could you send someone over to check it for me. How would you respond? Customer Call Scenario #4 4:30 PM

36 #894 #902 #8 2 Steel Gas Main 45 psi BRADY ST. SLOCUM ROAD Sewer Manhole Excavation

37 Steps to Consider When Receiving a Dynamic Call Ask the customer to leave the premises until help arrives Advise the customer to leave the phone off the hook and not to operate any lights or turn any appliances off or on Leave things as they are … leave the premises immediately

38 Do Not Assume Anything! Test, Dont Guess Conducting The Investigation

39 Approaching The Building Visual observations –Vegetation damage –Construction activities –Meter observations Olfactory senses –Do you smell anything?

40 Entering The Building CGI zeroed before entering Enter on LEL scale Check the problem area Continue search even if leak is found Did you find a leak or did you findthe leak?

41 Expanding The Search Check the entire gas system Visual inspection of appliances and piping Check all utility entrances and floor drains

42 Other Conditions To Observe Carbon monoxide Other flammables Lack of make up air, vent size Scalding Other code violations

43 Action When A Hazardous Condition Is Found Red or Danger Tag –Document –Communicate –Disconnect –Follow up

44 Completing The Investigation Shut in test/clock meter Test meter/leak detection fluid Bar test –At the meter (riser), service, along main and check all available openings Expand search if odor detected Document findings

45 There should be no other options! Leaks Found On Odor Complaints Must Be: Repaired Shut off & tagged Classified (is it safe?)

46 Remember, you must respond Repeat Calls Use different equipment Send different personnel Send supervisor to verify Track time/conditions Is it natural gas? (verify odor)

47 Time Is Critical Remember Public Safety! Makesafe Actions to Consider Implement emergency plan Call for additional help Notify police/fire departments Evacuate premises Block off the area Stop the flow of gas Eliminate ignition sources Vent area

48 Our main job is not finding & fixing leaks Our main job is public safety

49 Never Let Your Guard Down

50 Be Alert Be Prepared Be Safe

51 AEGIS Insurance Services, Inc. AEGIS Insurance Services, Inc. Thank You Please visit our website @

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