The Clean Water Act regulates surface water discharges and storm-water runoff. The Clean Air Act sets rules for air emissions from engines, gas processing equipment and other sources associated with drilling and production activities. The Safe Drinking Water Act regulates the disposal of fluid waste deep underground. The National Environmental Policy Act requires permits and environmental impact assessments for drilling on federal lands. The Occupational Safety and Health Act sets standards to help keep workers safe. These include requiring Material Safety Data Sheets be maintained and readily available onsite for chemicals used at that location. The Emergency Planning & Community Right-to-Know Act requires storage of regulated chemicals in certain quantities to be reported annually to local and state emergency responders. The National Pipeline Safety Act sets standards for pipeline construction, operation and maintenance administered by U.S. Department of Transportation.
Arkansas Department of Environmental Quality Arkansas Oil & Gas Commission Arkansas Natural Resources Commission – permitting of water use * The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers administers 404 permitting which is predominately related to potential impacts to surface water but requires an ADEQ water quality certification.
Protecting Everyones Water Physical: Well Casing Program Cement Bond Log Mechanical Integrity Testing Annulus Pressure Monitoring Regulations: Federal Rules and Regulations Routinely Updated State Rules and Regulations
Constituent NameGeneric NameCommon UseHazardous as Appears on MSDS 1,2,4 Trimethylbenzene Aromatic Hydrocarbon Paint, Mold Making Kit (Arts and Crafts), Unleaded GasolineYes Alcohol, C12-16, Ethoxylated Alcohols, Ethoxylated Car Wash Liquid, Laundry Stain Remover, Air FreshenerNo Aldehyde Metal Cutting Fluid, Non-Alcoholic Beverages, Ice Cream, Candy, Baked Goods, Chewing Gum, Condiments and Meats Yes Ammonium Chloride Inorganic SaltHand Wash, Shampoo, Breakfast CerealYes Ammonium Phosphate Inorganic saltMilk ProductsNo Crystalline Silica, Quartz SilicaCat Litter, Tile Mortar, Arts & Crafts Ceramic GlazeYes EthanolAlcoholGinseng, Deodorizer, Dish Soap, Cologne, Makeup (Mascara), MouthwashYes Ethoxylated Fatty Acid Household Multipurpose Cleaner, Laboratory Hand CleanerNo Fatty Acid Tall Oil Blend Tall Oil Fatty AcidCar Polish, Industrial Hand CleanerNo Heavy Aromatic Petroleum Naphtha Hydrocarbon- Petroleum Distillate Industrial Cleaning Solution, Tire Repair, Agricultural InsecticideYes Hydrochloric Acid Inorganic AcidTable Olives, Unripened Cheese, Cottage CheeseYes Hydrotreated Light Petroleum Distillate Hydrocarbon – Petroleum Distillate Oil Wood Stain, Air Freshener, Surface Cleaner AerosolYes IsopropanolAlcoholTape Head Cleaner, Hops Extract used for Beer, Air FreshenerYes MethanolAlcoholFurniture Refinisher, Liquid Hand Soap, Windshield Washer Concentrate, Hops Extract Yes Methyl Isobutyl Ketone KetonePaint Thinner, Wood Stain, Metal Adhesive, Automotive High Heat PaintNo NaphthalenePolycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon Mothballs, Agricultural Insecticide, Heating Fuel OilYes Polyethoxylated Fatty Amine Salt Ethoxylated AmineToilet Bowl CleanerNo Quaternary Ammonium Salt Industrial and Commercial Water Acidity Neutralizing SolutionYes Sodium ChlorideInorganic SaltMacaroni and Noodle Products, Canned Corn, Tomato Concentrate, Frozen Peas No Sodium IodideInorganic saltLight Bulbs, Infant FoodNo Sorbitan MonoleateFatty Acid EsterVitamin A Supplements, Sun Block TowelsNo Sorbitan Monooleate Ethoxylated Fatty Acid Ester Ethoxylate Shortening, Ice Cream, Chocolate and Chocolate ProductsNo Tall Oil Acid Diethanolamide Fatty Acid Tall Oil Amide Liquid Wax, Antiseptic Hand and Body WashNo Terpene Hydrocarbon By- products Terpenes and Terpenoids Laundry Soap, Furniture Oil, Thickened Stripper for Grease, Paint, Ink, and Gum Removal No Terpenes and Terpenoids, Sweet Orange-Oil Terpenes and Terpenoids Commercial Bathroom Disinfectant Cleaner, Dishwashing Detergent, Multi- surface Cleaner No
MSDS Hazardous? As defined by OSHA Standard 1910.1200 (the OSHA Haz-com standard), a hazardous chemical is one which is a physical hazard or a health hazard.OSHA Standard 1910.1200OSHAchemical Health hazard means a chemical for which there is statistically significant evidence based on at least one study conducted in accordance with established scientific principles that acute or chronic health effects may occur in exposed employees. The term "health hazard" includes chemicals which are carcinogens, toxic or highly toxic agents, reproductive toxins, irritants, corrosives, sensitizers, hepatotoxins, nephrotoxins, neurotoxins, agents which act on the hematopoietic system, and agents which damage the lungs, skin, eyes, or mucous membranes.chemicalacutechroniccarcinogenstoxichighly toxicreproductive toxinsirritantscorrosivessensitizers hepatotoxinsnephrotoxinsneurotoxins Physical hazard means a chemical for which there is scientifically valid evidence that it is a combustible liquid, a compressed gas, explosive, flammable, an organic peroxide, an oxidizer, pyrophoric, unstable (reactive) or water- reactive.chemicalcombustibleexplosiveflammableorganicperoxideoxidizerpyrophoricwater- reactive
Some of My Favorite Hazardous Materials - at Least those with Guar Gum
A Few of My Favorite Carcinogens – Things We Like to Eat
Jackson said natural gas creates less air pollution than other fossil fuels so increasing Americas natural gas production is a good thing. She said Congress told the EPA to study the relationship between fracking and drinking water. We are doing that, with input from technical experts, the public and industry, she said. In the meantime, EPA will step in to protect local residents if a driller jeopardizes clean water and the state government does not act. Under questioning from a Pennsylvania Republican, Jackson said she was not aware of any proven case where the fracking process itself had affected water. UPDATE – April 2012 – Jackson says in no case have we made a definitive determination that the fracing process has caused chemicals to enter groundwater. This is after Pavillion, WY.
It is responsible for creating 2.8 million American jobs. It is forecast to add 1 million U.S. manufacturing jobs over the next 15 years. It has led to an annual increase in U.S. household disposable income of $926. Shale gas alone is forecast to contribute $933 billion revenues to federal, state and local government coffers over the next 25 years, including helping pay for schools, law enforcement and other essential municipal priorities. It is the transportation fuel of choice of American cities large and smallas they seek to save money and promote clean air through their bus fleets. It has helped reduce U.S. power sector carbon emissions to levels not seen in 20 years as communities embrace this energy as a cleaner electricity choice. It allowed the top 100 U.S. power producers to reduce by one-third emissions of sulfur dioxide and smog-forming nitrogen oxidein just a two-year period. And, as a transportation fuel it is allowing city bus fleets, large company fleets (AT&T, UPS, Verizon, Waste Management, et al) to rely on an American fuel that costs on average 40% less than diesel or gasoline. North Little Rock and Mayor Hays have brought PUBLIC CNG to Central Arkansas at $1.44 per gasoline gallon equivalent!
It appears historic operations are the most likely cause of potential groundwater and drinking water issues. The O&G Industry risk of potential water issues is no different from any other industry that manages fluids. The development of new technologies, improved drilling and completion techniques, and green completion fluids all add layers of protection for water issues. Public outreach is a necessary component of any industrial activity and one that needs substantial additional effort in the O&G Industry.