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Legislative and Regulatory Changes Affecting Oil and Gas Development Anticipated Legislative Issues for 2013 Ben Sebree Sebree & Tintera, LLC

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Presentation on theme: "Legislative and Regulatory Changes Affecting Oil and Gas Development Anticipated Legislative Issues for 2013 Ben Sebree Sebree & Tintera, LLC"— Presentation transcript:

1 Legislative and Regulatory Changes Affecting Oil and Gas Development Anticipated Legislative Issues for 2013 Ben Sebree Sebree & Tintera, LLC

2 This presentation accords zero ethics credits because my subject matter is, after all…

3 Politics and the Texas Legislature

4 2013 Major Issues High-Cost Gas Tax Incentive Railroad Commission of Texas Sunset Pipelines 1. Address the Denbury Decision (Pipeline Eminent Domain Reform); and 2. Pipeline Safety Transportation; Roads Funding

5 To understand and anticipate the upcoming legislative session, and oil and gas issues within it, you need to start at the beginning…


7 The most important bill of every session is the appropriations bill. So, lets start with the state of the state budget.

8 I. State Budget

9 Last session, the budget was balanced with smoke and mirrors

10 This session, the Legislature should have a significant Surplus

11 Whats good for the oil and gas industry is good for Texas The budget surplus does NOT count an additional $9-Billion expected in the Rainy Day Fund (almost exclusively from excess oil and gas severance taxes).

12 1 st, when the Legislature gets to town, they will need to spend approximately $5-billion to account for the intentional shorting of Medicaid last session State Medicaid Coverage Here Slip Into This.

13 2 nd, they will need to account for the tax collection speed up which required many taxes due in September, 2013 to count for August, 2013. (Texas Fiscal biennium begins on September 1 every other year)

14 Officially, FY 13 Big GR (property tax relief fund + general revenue-related funds) is estimated to fall by 8% this year relative to actual collections for FY 12. Instead, revenues are up 10%, FYTD.

15 Sales tax officially is supposed to fall 6% this year. Motor vehicles sales tax is supposed to fall by 12%. Instead. Sales tax collections are up 9.8%, FYTD. Motor vehicle sales tax collections are up even more at 20%, FYTD.

16 October oil production tax collections appear to have set a new record at $221-million. Natural Gas tax collections are down about 32%, consistent with estimate.

17 What does it mean?

18 It means less pressure on the Legislature to pass new taxes or to repeal tax incentives.

19 II. Such as the High-Cost Gas Tax Incentive Bills have already been filed to repeal/weaken this incentive: –HB 55/Burnam and –SB 71/Ellis

20 High-Cost Gas Tax Incentive Summary Allows a producer to recover up to ½ of the drilling and completion costs of a qualifying well through a partial tax reduction for the first 10 years of the wells production.

21 If High-Cost Tax Incentive Repealed

22 III. Railroad Commission of Texas Sunset

23 What Was the Big Fight about Last Session? Establish the Texas Oil and Gas Commission, governed by a single, elected Commissioner, to assume the regulatory role currently served by the Railroad Commission.

24 COULD HAVE GIVEN EPA CONTROL OVER OIL AND GAS DISPOSAL AND INJECTION The Railroad Commission's Underground Injection Control Program was at risk if the re-establishment of the agency passed. The EPA delegated control of the program to the RRC in 1982. However, per federal regulations, if the program is transferred to a new state agency, "the new agency is not authorized to administer the program until approval by the Administrator. 40 CFR 145.32 (c). ln this case the new state agency was the proposed Texas Oil and Gas Commission and the Administrator was the EPA.

25 EPA Guidance related to State revisions of UIC programs discusses "Substantial versus Non-substantial Revisions: The following types of program revisions will be considered substantial: 1.Modifications to the State's basic statutory or regulatory authority which may affect the State's authority or ability to administer the program; and 2. A transfer of all or part of any program from the approved State agency to any other State agency. * * * (Emphasis added). Reproduction of UIC Guidance 34.

26 Current Staff Recommendations Governance Change the name of the Railroad Commission of Texas to the Texas Energy Resources Commission and continue the agency for 10 years. Because of the Texas Constitution, the legislation would have to adopt a DBA, doing business as.

27 Limit the solicitation and receipt of campaign contributions by a Commissioner or any candidate seeking the office to a year and a half timeframe around the election, rather than throughout the full six-year term. Thus, for the general election on November 4, 2014, Commissioners could accept donations from July 4, 2013 to December 4, 2014.

28 Prohibit a Commissioner from knowingly accepting contributions from a party with a contested case before the Commission. The timeframe for this prohibition would extend from the date the hearing is set until the 30th day after the hearing ends. Also would apply to a PAC affiliated with the party with a contested case.

29 Require the automatic resignation of a Commissioner that announces or becomes a candidate for another elected office. This provision would not apply in the last 18 months of their terms.

30 Require the Commission to adopt a recusal policy in rule, including a requirement to explain the reason for any recusal from a decision in writing. Intended to help clarify when Commissioners must recuse themselves to avoid any appearance of bias based on a personal or financial interest in an item up for decision.

31 SOAH Require the Commission to use the State Office of Administrative Hearings to conduct independent hearings for its contested gas utility and enforcement cases. The Commission would contract with SOAH to conduct the Commissions hearings for contested gas utility cases and contested enforcement cases. In conducting hearings, SOAH would consider the Commissions applicable substantive rules and policies.

32 SOAH Recommendation Continued *The Commission would maintain final authority to accept, reverse, or modify a proposal for decision made by a SOAH judge. *The Commission could reverse or modify a decision only if the judge did not properly apply or interpret applicable law, Commission rules, written policies, or prior administrative decisions; the judge relied on a prior administrative decision that is incorrect or should be changed; or the Commission finds a technical error in a finding of fact that should be changed. *If the Commission does make a change, the reason for such change should be clearly documented and must still be based on evidence in the record.

33 Would remove the $20 million cap on the Oil and Gas Regulation and Cleanup Fund from statute. Without a funding cap the Commission could only spend funds at the level appropriated by the Legislature. The Commission would continue to adjust surcharges, within the 185 percent limit. Oil and Gas Cleanup Fund Eliminate the cap on the Oil and Gas Regulation and Cleanup Fund.

34 Abolish the Oil Field Cleanup Fund Advisory Committee. The Commission would provide the information previously contained in the Committees Cleanup Fund report, including information on the administration of the Fund and the progress the Commission has made towards plugging wells.

35 Continue requiring the Commission to submit its report on the Oil and Gas Regulation and Cleanup Fund to the Legislature. Would continue the Commissions report on the Oil and Gas Regulation and Cleanup Fund. However, the Oil Field Cleanup Fund Advisory Committees report would be abolished.

36 Pipeline Safety Authorize the Commission to create a pipeline permit fee to help support its Pipeline Safety program. Would enable the Pipeline Safety program to be self-supporting by authorizing the Commission to create a new T-4 pipeline permit fee. For example, the Commission could base the fee on the mileage of pipeline, the number of new and renewed permits, the number of amended permits, the number of pipeline systems, or any other factor that enables the Commission to equitably and efficiently recover all costs of its Pipeline Safety program.

37 Add language in the General Appropriations Act to further ensure that the Commission collects fee amounts to offset the costs of administering its Pipeline Safety program, including administration costs and benefits. Railroad Commission of Texas Fiscal Year Savings to GR General Revenue Fund 2014 $1,499,779 2015 $1,499,779 2016 $1,499,779 2017 $1,499,779 2018 $1,499,779

38 Authorize the Commission to enforce damage prevention requirements for interstate pipelines. Would authorize the Commission to amend its pipeline damage prevention rules to apply to interstate as well as intrastate pipelines, and to enforce these rules for violations that affect both types of pipelines. Would allow the Commission to assess administrative penalties against excavators and operators that violate damage prevention rules on interstate lines.

39 Enforcement In addition to assessing fines, the Commission has the ability to sever a lease, which allows the Commission to gain compliance without necessarily having to pursue an enforcement action. In fiscal year 2012, in those instances where the Commission sent a notice of severance, 63% of leases with violations were corrected after receiving the notice and an additional 22% of leases were corrected after the lease was severed. The remaining 15% of these leases were referred to enforcement because the violation was not corrected.

40 Require the Commission to develop an enforcement policy to guide staff in evaluating and ranking oil- and natural gas-related violations. Would require the Commission to develop an overall enforcement policy that includes specific processes for classifying violations based on the risk to public safety or the risk of pollution. Would require the Commission to adopt standards providing guidance to field staff on which type of violations to appropriately dismiss based on compliance, versus violations that should be forwarded to the central office for enforcement action. Would require the Commission to develop standards that take into account an operators previous violations and compliance history when determining whether to forward a violation.

41 Require the Commission to formally adopt penalty guidelines. Would require the Commission to formally adopt its penalty guidelines, obtaining public input when considering penalty amounts and processes. Would require the guidelines to assign penalties to different violations based on their risk and severity, making full use of higher penalties for more serious and repeat violations. Would require the Commission to consider the number of times a violator has had a lease severed when determining a penalty amount.

42 Pooling and Rule 37 Procedure Authorize a party affected by forced pooling to request a hearing on the matter in the county where the proposed well will be drilled. Would authorize a mineral owner or other party affected by forced pooling to request a local hearing, instead of having to attend a hearing at the Commissions central office in Austin. Would also authorize the Commission to hold such hearings by telephone if both parties agree.

43 Direct the Commission to develop a fee schedule for increased charges associated with re-filing previously withdrawn applications for forced pooling or field spacing exceptions. Would direct the Commission to develop an increased fee for those applicants who re-file applications for forced pooling or field spacing exceptions, when they have previously submitted and withdrawn an application set for hearing without giving proper notice.

44 Propane Eliminate the Commissions statutory authority to promote the use of propane and to charge a delivery fee for this purpose. Would not affect the Commissions propane-related licensing and regulatory staff, who are funded through separate licensing fees.

45 IV. Pipelines

46 Texas Rice Land Partners v. Denbury The Texas Supreme Court invalidated the long- established Railroad Commission procedure for a CO2 pipeline to claim that it is a common carrier and thus obtain the power of eminent domain. Specifically, the Court held that [m]erely registering as a common carrier does not conclusively convey the extraordinary power of eminent domain or bar landowners from contesting in court whether a planned pipeline meets statutory common-carrier requirements.

47 Denbury Continued The Court emphasized that the RRC process was one of registration, not application and that [n]o hearing is held, no evidence is presented, no investigation is conducted.

48 Denbury Continued In summary, the Court held that a reasonable probability must exist, at or before the time common-carrier status is challenged, that the pipeline will serve the public by transporting gas for customers who will either retain ownership of their gas or sell it to parties other than the carrier.

49 Denbury Solution At a minimum, the new procedure will need to provide for the following: 1. Public Notice (perhaps by county); 2. Right to a hearing (in the affected county or at the RRC in Austin); 3. Presentation of evidence and the right of discovery/investigation; and

50 Denbury Solution Continued 4. The standard for granting common carrier status and thus the right of eminent domain most likely will be that the commission must find that a reasonable probability exists that the pipeline will transport product for third parties who will either retain ownership or sell to someone other than the pipeline carrier.

51 Pipeline Safety Pipeline Safety will be this sessions hydraulic fracturing disclosure issue.

52 Pipeline Safety Drivers Opposition to the Keystone Pipeline June 26 House Energy Resources Committee Hearing.

53 Possible Pipeline Safety Changes Authorize the Commission to enforce damage prevention requirements for interstate pipelines. Impose a chemical disclosure requirement on transported products (similar to the hydro fracture disclosure act from last session); and Require enhanced technical changes to the Commissions existing pipeline safety rules.

54 V. Transportation; Roads Funding

55 Possible Road Funding Solutions 1.Allow oil and gas wells/leases to be treated as new property for ad valorem tax purposes. 2.Allow counties to collect royalties for production from under their road right of ways. 3.Give a portion of severance taxes to counties for road maintenance. 4. Increase the overweight permit fee to $6,500 per truck per year (raises about $420 million).

56 "Knowledge speaks, but wisdom listens." Jimi Hendrix (11/27/42 – 09/18/70)

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