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G AS M ATERIAL B ALANCE. O UTLINE : Volumetric depletion reservoir. Water drive mechanism. Burns et al method. Gas material balance exercise.

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Presentation on theme: "G AS M ATERIAL B ALANCE. O UTLINE : Volumetric depletion reservoir. Water drive mechanism. Burns et al method. Gas material balance exercise."— Presentation transcript:

1 G AS M ATERIAL B ALANCE

2 O UTLINE : Volumetric depletion reservoir. Water drive mechanism. Burns et al method. Gas material balance exercise.

3 V OLUMETRIC DEPLETION RESERVOIR The term volumetric depletion reservoir applies to the performance of a gas reservoir in which water influx due to pressure decline is insignificant. Volume of the hydrocarbon remains constant and can be calculated by the following equation. As the pressure decline from the initial reservoir pressure for a given volume of production Gp material balance equations can be written. Fundamentals of Reservoir Engineering, L.P. Dake, Shell Learning and Development

4 V OLUMETRIC DEPLETION RESERVOIR Fundamentals of Reservoir Engineering, L.P. Dake, Shell Learning and Development

5 V OLUMETRIC DEPLETION RESERVOIR The assumption that hydrocarbon pore volume is constant is problematic. Connate water saturation expansion. Grain pressure increases due to fluid pressure reduction. Fundamentals of Reservoir Engineering, L.P. Dake, Shell Learning and Development

6 V OLUMETRIC DEPLETION RESERVOIR Fundamentals of Reservoir Engineering, L.P. Dake, Shell Learning and Development

7 V OLUMETRIC DEPLETION RESERVOIR Fundamentals of Reservoir Engineering, L.P. Dake, Shell Learning and Development

8 W ATER DRIVE RESERVOIR If the reduction in reservoir pressure leads to water influx into the reservoir material balance equation is modified. Fundamentals of Reservoir Engineering, L.P. Dake, Shell Learning and Development

9 W ATER DRIVE RESERVOIR is the fraction of the hydrocarbon which is flooded by the water. The effect of water influx is to maintain the pressure. Material balance equation for water drive mechanism in gas reservoir is a non linear equation. A mathematical model needs to be defined to interpret history matching and prediction. Aquifer fitting. If the aquifer is the same size of reservoir then a simple mathematical model can be applied. Fundamentals of Reservoir Engineering, L.P. Dake, Shell Learning and Development

10 W ATER DRIVE RESERVOIR If the production history of the reservoir is available Burns et al proposed the following method. Step1: Depletion material balance ( apparent gas in place). Step 2: corrected value of the gas in place can be calculated by the following formula: Fundamentals of Reservoir Engineering, L.P. Dake, Shell Learning and Development

11 W ATER DRIVE RESERVOIR Fundamentals of Reservoir Engineering, L.P. Dake, Shell Learning and Development

12 E XERCISE : Fundamentals of Reservoir Engineering, L.P. Dake, Shell Learning and Development

13 E XERCISE : Fundamentals of Reservoir Engineering, L.P. Dake, Shell Learning and Development

14 S OLUTION : GIIP : Gas pressure at the centroid Temperature Ei Z factor calculation at GWC E GWC Gas pressure gradient Gas water contact depth pressure Temperature Fundamentals of Reservoir Engineering, L.P. Dake, Shell Learning and Development

15 S OLUTION : Pressure at GWC: Temperature at GWC: Z factor: 0.888 Gas formation factor at GWC: Gas pressure gradient: Fundamentals of Reservoir Engineering, L.P. Dake, Shell Learning and Development

16 S OLUTION : Gas pressure at centroid: Temperature at centroid: GIIP: Fundamentals of Reservoir Engineering, L.P. Dake, Shell Learning and Development

17 S OLUTION : Fundamentals of Reservoir Engineering, L.P. Dake, Shell Learning and Development

18 S OLUTION : Step1: calculate cumulative gas production until the pressure reduced to 1200 psi. When P=1200 psi, Z=0.832. Step2: cumulative gas production in the build up period: Fundamentals of Reservoir Engineering, L.P. Dake, Shell Learning and Development

19 S OLUTION : Step3: Cumulative gas production in plateau period : Step4:Time in which reservoir can produce at the rate of 100 MMscf/d: Fundamentals of Reservoir Engineering, L.P. Dake, Shell Learning and Development

20 S OLUTION : Fundamentals of Reservoir Engineering, L.P. Dake, Shell Learning and Development

21 S OLUTION : Fundamentals of Reservoir Engineering, L.P. Dake, Shell Learning and Development


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