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1 Implementation of MPC in a deethanizer at the Kårstø Gas plant Elvira Marie B. Aske*, ** Stig Strand** Sigurd Skogestad* *Department of Chemical Engineering,

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Presentation on theme: "1 Implementation of MPC in a deethanizer at the Kårstø Gas plant Elvira Marie B. Aske*, ** Stig Strand** Sigurd Skogestad* *Department of Chemical Engineering,"— Presentation transcript:

1 1 Implementation of MPC in a deethanizer at the Kårstø Gas plant Elvira Marie B. Aske*, ** Stig Strand** Sigurd Skogestad* *Department of Chemical Engineering, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway ** Statoil R&D, Process Control, Trondheim, Norway

2 2 Outline About the Kårstø gas plant Motivation for MPC implementation MPC implementation –Design –Estimator development –Model development –Tuning –Results Conclusions and further work

3 3 The Kårstø Gas processing plant Treats rich gas and unstabilized condensate recieved through pipelines from the Norwegian continental shelf The products are sales gas, ethane, propane, i- and n-butane, naphta and condensate. Sales gas is transported through pipe lines, while NGL and condensate are exported by ship Some numbers (October 2005): –Rich gas processing capacity 88 MSm 3 /d –ethane production capacity t/year –About 720 shipping arrival a year

4 4 Motivation for MPC implementation Increased complexity at the plant due to extension projects –Larger degree of system integration –Systems build with different design –Crossovers between process trains Higher demands to regularity and through-put due to new fields developments that narrows the margins MPC is a part of the control revolution at the plant

5 5 The control hierarchy at the Kårstø plant Regulatory control layer – Tuning and reconfiguration Local MPC implementation Implementation Coordinator MPC – Coordinates the local MPCs, handles disturbances which effects several units - implementation in 2006 Plant production performance model for online optimization and planning to be implemented in 2007 –Uses rigorous model to calculate the optimal operation point –Achieve full capacity utilization in integrating the systems

6 6 MPC implementation on a deethanizer A typical implementation case for a distillation column at the Kårstø plant Includes the stages in an MPC implementation: –design –estimator development –model development –tuning Using the in-house developed MPC software SEPTIC (Statoil Estimation and Prediction Tool for Identification and Control) Implementation done by plant engineers together with engineers from Statoil Research Centre

7 7 MPC implementation on a deethanizer- Design Control variables (CV): –Product qualities –Avoid flaring Manipulating variables (MV): –Reflux –Tray 1 temp set point Disturbance variables (DV): –Feed rate Column pressure as an MV in future

8 8 Estimator development Estimation of the product qualities are needed – reasons: –Long dead time in the GC measurements ( min) – bad for control –GC may be out of order in periods due to service and maintenance –Bad samples in the GC may occur Steps in boil-up and reflux to obtain variations in the product qualities if necessary Estimator based on column temperatures and pressure Logarithm between the ratio of the key components to reduce nonlinearity and dependence of operation point

9 9 Model development Seeking the dynamic influence the MVs and DVs have on the CVs Executing steps in the process – recording the responses Model identification: Tai-Ji ID software and built-in tools like last step response, FIR, ARX model fitting

10 10 Model development (2) Resulting CVs from the steps Model identification obtained by the Tai-Ji ID software Reflux Tray 1 temp Feed

11 11 Tuning and operation Prioritizing Penalty on –Deviation –Violation of constraints –MV moves Model update parameters CV MV DV

12 12 MPC implementation - Results 20-40% reduction in flaring frequency and has often shorter duration General results from MPC implementations: –Overfractionation before introducing MPC –10-12% reduction in steam consumption –Less variation in product quality operate closer to the constraints –10-25% reduction in reflux flow rate increase column capacity (simulations show at least 10% increase) C3 in C2 before MPC C2 in C3 before MPC C3 in C2 after MPC C2 in C3 after MPC

13 13 Further work – Coordinator MPC with focus on maximizing feed rate 1.Each local MPC reports back on its available capacity 2.Coordinator MPC has a simple linear model on how its manipulated variables affect the local capacities 3.Based on feedback, the coordinator MPC is then able to locate the bottleneck and, by adjusting the overall feed rate, maximizing the flow rate at the bottleneck

14 14 Conclusions Better quality control – with the opportunity to specify the desired product quality Reduced flaring frequency and shorter duration of the flaring Operator uses less time to control the column, especially under feed disturbances Acknowledgements Personnel working at the Kårstø gas plant, Norway Gassco for financial support


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