Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Potential Gas Export from Iran to Europe by Pipeline Dr. Narsi Ghorban International Institute for Caspian Studies World Energy Council (German Committee)

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Potential Gas Export from Iran to Europe by Pipeline Dr. Narsi Ghorban International Institute for Caspian Studies World Energy Council (German Committee)"— Presentation transcript:

1 Potential Gas Export from Iran to Europe by Pipeline Dr. Narsi Ghorban International Institute for Caspian Studies World Energy Council (German Committee) (DNK Energy Day) 29 th of October 2009 Berlin, Germany

2 Berlin, Oct 29 th 2009 The International Institute for Caspian Studies CONTENT Regional Gas Reserves, Supply and Demand. Does Iran have enough gas for all planed domestic and Export projects? What are the Main Issues that will effect Iranian Gas export projects? The Potential pipeline Routes for Gas Export to Europe Main Points

3 Berlin, Oct 29 th 2009 The International Institute for Caspian Studies Estimated Gas Reserves and Production in the Caspian Region Source: BP Statistical Review of World Energy 2009 Reserves at end of 2008 Production ( In Trillion cubic Meters ) ( In Billion cubic Meters ) AZERBAIJAN KAZAKHSTAN TURKMENISTAN TOTAL Russia Iran* * Irans reserves are estimated by the Government at around 30TCM Irans gas production was over 130 billion cubic meters last year. Iran could become the third largest gas producer in the world in 5 years time.

4 Berlin, Oct 29 th 2009 The International Institute for Caspian Studies Gas Reserves % of the World % of the ME Middle East 75, Iran 29, Qatar 25, Saudi Arabia 7, UAE____________ 6,430______ ___ 3.5_____________8.4 Gas Production % of the World % of the ME Middle East Iran Qatar Saudi Arabia UAE_____________49 __________ 1.6___________ 13.2__ Gas Production % of the World % of the ME Middle East Iran Qatar Saudi Arabia UAE_____________49 __________ 1.6___________ 13.2__ Gas Consumption % of the World %of the ME Middle East Iran Qatar Saudi Arabia UAE Gas Consumption % of the World %of the ME Middle East Iran Qatar Saudi Arabia UAE Basic Regional Gas Statistics Source: BP Review of world Energy Statistics 2009 (Figures in billion cubic meters)

5 Berlin, Oct 29 th 2009 The International Institute for Caspian Studies Potential Gas Reserves, Production and Export from Caspian Region to Europe Potential Reserves Potential Production Trillion Cubic Meters Billion Cubic Meters/year Azerbaijan Kazakhstan Turkmenistan Iran –500 Potential Direct Export to Europe BCM Azerbaijan Iran

6 Berlin, Oct 29 th 2009 The International Institute for Caspian Studies Gas Export from Iran Options to Monetize Irans Natural Gas Resources Domestic Use a) Replace demand for Petroleum Products with gas b) Gas injection in the oil fields (enhance oil recovery) c) Electricity generation using Natural Gas d) Development of Gas Based Industries (Petrochemicals Cement, Iron, Aluminum, Gas to Petroleum Products etc. (These are major priorities of the Government) Natural Gas Export by Pipelines a) Gas trade by Pipelines to Regional markets (Bahrain, Kuwait, Pakistan, Turkey and UAE) (Priority based on their Strategic and political value as indicated in the long term Energy planning of the Expediency Council) b) Gas Trade by Pipeline to China, Europe and India Liquid Natural Gas (LNG) Trade

7 Berlin, Oct 29 th 2009 The International Institute for Caspian Studies Yes No Is There Enough Gas for all these Projects? Yes If gas resources are developed quickly No if gas resources are developed at current pace Gas Requirements for all Existing and Planned Projects SECTORS Trillion Cubic Meters Total Domestic Consumption 5.5–6.0 (Electricity Generation included) Total Injection in the Oil Fields 1.8–2.0 (Most of this gas will be recovered) All types of Gas Based Industries 0.9–1.0 Export (Pipelines & LNG) 1.8–2.0 (Based on current export agreements and MOUs) TOTAL 10–11 (Less than 40% of the current total reserves)

8 Berlin, Oct 29 th 2009 The International Institute for Caspian Studies What are the Main Issues Influencing Irans Gas Policies and Development? 1- Job Opportunity and Expectation 2- The need for Gas Injection for Enhanced Oil Recovery 3- The high Gas Requirement for Domestic Market (Particularly in Winter) 4- Energy prices and Subsidies. 5- Lack of Comprehensive Energy Policy 6- Political Tension with the US

9 Berlin, Oct 29 th 2009 The International Institute for Caspian Studies The Comparison of Natural Gas Transmission Costs – Pipeline & LNG The Comparison of Natural Gas Transmission Costs – Pipeline & LNG (Slide from Irans Petroleum Ministry)

10 Berlin, Oct 29 th 2009 The International Institute for Caspian Studies NABUCCO Pipeline Potential Suppliers are; 1. Azerbaijan 2. Iran 3. Turkmenistan via Caspian Sea or Iran The most Economic way for Turkmenistan to Participate in NABUCCO would be to have gas exchange with Iran. This will save around 3 Billion Dollars

11 Berlin, Oct 29 th 2009 The International Institute for Caspian Studies Persia Pipeline The Superiority of the Persian Pipeline to the Nabucco Pipeline is that the route of the pipeline is through gas Consumer Countries (Customers) and not through Transit Countries Turke y Serbi a Czech Austri a Switzerlan d Greec e Polan d Iraq Italy Germa ny Franc e Spain Port ugal Iran Roma nia Hung ary Croat ia Bosni a Bulga ria Slova kia Engla nd Norw ay Swede n Finla nd Holland Denma rk Belgiu m Macedoni a Alban ia Assaluyeh Mediterranean Sea Black Sea Caspian Sea Persian Gulf Cypr us IGAT IX Slide from Irans Petroleum Ministry

12 Berlin, Oct 29 th 2009 The International Institute for Caspian Studies Persian Pipeline Specifications in Iran The Pipeline is 1818 Kilometre It Can carry 110 million Cubic Meters of Gas per Day Yearly Export capacity is 35 Billion Cubic Meters The Required Investment for this Pipeline is 6-7 Billion Dollars

13 Berlin, Oct 29 th 2009 The International Institute for Caspian Studies Potential Gas Export Pipeline Route to Europe (Eastern Europe Via Turkey) Length: 5600KM Estimated Investment; Iran~ $7bn Total~ $18bn The pipeline passes through; Turkey Bulgaria Romania Hungry Austria

14 Berlin, Oct 29 th 2009 The International Institute for Caspian Studies Potential Gas Export Pipeline Route to Europe (Southern Europe Via Turkey) Length: 6200KM Estimated Investment; Iran ~ $7bn Total ~ $20bn The pipeline passes through; Turkey Greece Italy Switzerland

15 Berlin, Oct 29 th 2009 The International Institute for Caspian Studies Potential Gas Export Pipeline Route to Europe (South Europe Via Mediterranean Sea) Length: 5700KM Estimated Investment; Iran~ $2bn Total~ $25bn The pipeline passes through; Iraq Syria Greece Italy

16 Berlin, Oct 29 th 2009 The International Institute for Caspian Studies Main Points Iran is by far the largest producer and consumer of gas and gas based products in the ME and the Region after Russia The country is strategically located to benefit from regional and international trade. However domestic and international political and economic considerations has slowed down the development of Iranian gas industry and consequently it has deprived Iran from gaining its right place in the world gas business. If Political and Structural Problems are solved, Iran could become the second largest producer of gas in the coming 15 years after Russia. It would be capable of meeting its domestic gas demand without interruption and have a good share of the world gas business. There are several Routes for export of gas from Iran to Europe which includes passing through Turkey or via Iraq and Syria to Greece. Greece, as the nearest European country to Iran has a very important role to play in the coming years. Persian Pipeline and Nabucco are currently the most likely scenarios Nabucco is well Established but without Iranian Gas it may not be as successful as envisaged. Persian Pipeline may have gas but it lacks the international backing and the Consortium needed

17 Berlin, Oct 29 th 2009 The International Institute for Caspian Studies Main Points (cont) The main challenges for the implementation of these Pipelines are Structural, Financial and Political. Adequate legislation in Iran as well as the Region is Needed. Private Sector in Iran and all the Transit Countries must be given a role and encouraged to get involved in the gas business in general and the formation of the Consortium for Gas Export to Europe Gas Producers must structure a meaningful long term Price Formula for Gas and Long Term Security of Supply Consumers must give assurances of the Long Term Security for Demand and Security of Investment. Transit Countries must be Financially involved to give Long Term Security of Transit


Download ppt "Potential Gas Export from Iran to Europe by Pipeline Dr. Narsi Ghorban International Institute for Caspian Studies World Energy Council (German Committee)"

Similar presentations


Ads by Google