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Magnesium metal is added to nitrogen gas
3 Mg + N 2 Mg 3 N 2 Synthesis
Excess chlorine gas is passed over hot iron filings
3 Cl Fe 2FeCl 3 Synthesis
The gases boron trifluoride and ammonia are mixed
BF 3 + NH 3 F 3 BNH 3 Synthesis(Lewis Acid-Base Reaction)
Solid zinc strips are added to a solution of copper(II) sulfate
Zn + Cu 2+ Zn 2+ + Cu Single replacement
A mixture of powdered iron(III) oxide and powdered aluminum metal is heated strongly
Fe 2 O 3 + 2Al Al 2 O 3 + 2Fe Single Replacement
Chlorine gas is bubbled into a solution of sodium bromide
Cl 2 + 2Br - 2Cl - + Br 2 Single Replacement
Solid calcium is added to warm water
Ca + 2HOH Ca OH - + H 2 Single Replacement
Calcium metal is added to a dilute solution of hydrochloric acid
Ca + 2H + Ca 2+ + H 2 Single Replacement
Aluminum metal is added to a solution of copper(II) chloride
2Al + 3Cu 2+ 2Al Cu Single Replacement
A solution of tin(II) sulfate is added to a solution of iron(III) sulfate
Sn Fe 3+ Sn Fe 2+ Redox
A solution of tin(II) chloride is added to an acidified solution of potassium permanganate
5Sn H + + 2MnO 4 - 5Sn Mn HOH Redox
A solution of sodium iodide is added to an acidified (sulfuric acid) solution of potassium dichromate
6I H + + HSO Cr 2 O I 2 + 2Cr H 2 O + SO 4 2- Redox
A solution of sodium bromide is added to an acidified solution of potassium bromate
5Br - + 6H + + BrO 3 - 3Br 2 + 3H 2 O Redox
An acidified solution of potassium permanganate is added to a solution of sodium sulfite
6H + + 2MnO SO Mn SO H 2 O Redox
Acidified potassium permanganate is added to a solution of sodium nitrite
2MnO H + + 5NO 2 - -> 2Mn H 2 O + 5NO 3 - Redox
Potassium permanganate solution is added to concentrated hydrochloric acid
2MnO H Cl - 2Mn Cl 2 + 8H 2 O Redox
A solution of potassium iodide is added to an acidified solution of potassium dichromate
6I H + + Cr 2 O I - + 2Cr H 2 O Redox
Magnesium turnings are added to a solution of iron(III) chloride
Mg + 2Fe 3+ Mg Fe 2+ Redox
Iron(III) ions are reduced by iodide ions
2Fe I - 2Fe 2+ + I 2 Redox
Powdered iron is added to a solution of iron(III) sulfate
Fe + 2Fe 3+ 3Fe 2+ Redox
Hydrogen peroxide is added to an acidified solution of sodium bromide
H 2 O 2 + 2H + + 2Br - Br 2 + 2H 2 O Redox
Hydrogen peroxide is added to an acidified solution of potassium dichromate
3H 2 O 2 + 8H + + Cr 2 O Cr H 2 O + 3O 2 Redox
Hydrogen gas is passed over hot iron(III) oxide
3H 2 + Fe 2 O 3 2Fe + 3H 2 O Redox
Hydrogen gas is passed over hot iron(II) oxide powder
H 2 + FeO Fe + H 2 O Redox
Concentrated hydrochloric acid solution is added to solid manganese(IV) oxide and the reactants are heated
4H + + 2Cl - + MnO 2 Cl 2 + Mn H 2 O Redox
A strip of copper metal is added to a concentrated solution of sulfuric acid
Cu + 4H + + SO 4 2- Cu 2+ + H 2 O + H 2 SO 3 Redox
A strip of copper is immersed in a nitric acid solution
Cu + 4H + + 2NO 3 - Cu NO 2 + 2H 2 O Redox
Chlorine gas is bubbled into a cold, dilute solution of potassium hydroxide
Cl 2 + 2OH - ClO - + Cl - + H 2 O Redox
Propene gas is mixed with bromine vapor
C 3 H 6 + Br 2 C 3 H 6 Br 2 Organic (addition)
Methane gas is heated with an excess of chlorine gas
CH 4 + Cl 2 CH 3 Cl + HCl Organic (substitution)
Ethanol and formic acid (methanoic acid) are mixed and warmed
C 2 H 5 OH + HCOOH HCOOC 2 H 5 + H 2 O Organic (esterification)
Benzene is treated with bromine in the presence of a catalyst
Br 2 + C 6 H 6 C 6 H 5 Br + HBr Organic (substitution)
Glacial acetic acid is mixed with liquid methanol (nonaqueous)
CH 3 COOH +CH 3 OH CH 3 COOCH 3 + H 2 O Organic (esterification)
Excess concentrated sulfuric acid is added to solid calcium phosphate
3H + + 3HSO Ca 3 (PO 4 ) 2 3CaSO 4 + 2H 3 PO 4 Metathesis (double replacement)
Trisodium phosphate crystals are added to water
Na 3 PO 4 + H 2 O 3Na + + OH - + HPO 4 2- Metathesis (double replacement)
Solutions of sodium fluoride and dilute hydrochloric acid are mixed
F - + H + HF Metathesis (double replacement)
Equal volumes of dilute equimolar solutions of sodium carbonate and hydrochloric acid are mixed
CO H + HCO 3 - Metathesis (double replacement)
Solutions of silver nitrate and sodium chromate are mixed
2Ag + + CrO 4 2- Ag 2 CrO 4 Metathesis (double replacement)
Solutions of tripotassium phosphate and zinc nitrate are mixed
3Zn PO 4 3- Zn 3 (PO 4 ) 2 Metathesis (double replacement)
Solutions of manganese (II) sulfate and ammonium sulfide are mixed
Mn 2+ + S 2- MnS Metathesis (double replacement)
Solid lithium hydride is added to distilled water
LiH + H 2 O Li + + OH - + H 2 Metathesis (double replacement)
Hydrogen sulfide gas is bubbled through a solution of potassium hydroxide
H 2 S + 2OH - S H 2 O Metathesis (double replacement)
Hydrogen sulfide gas is added to a solution of cadmium nitrate
H 2 S + Cd 2+ CdS + 2H + Metathesis (double replacement)
Dilute hydrochloric acid is added to a solution of potassium sulfite
2H + + SO 3 2- H 2 O + SO 2 Metathesis (double replacement)
Dilute hydrochloric acid is added to a dilute solution of mercury(I) nitrate
2Cl - + Hg 2 2+ Hg 2 Cl 2 Metathesis (double replacement)
Concentrated hydrochloric acid is added to solid manganese(II) sulfide
2H + + MnS H 2 S + Mn 2+ Metathesis (double replacement)
A solution of copper(II) sulfate is added to a solution of barium hydroxide
Cu 2+ + SO Ba OH - Cu(OH) 2 + BaSO 4 Metathesis (double replacement)
A solution of copper(II) chloride is added to a solution of sodium sulfide
Cu 2+ + S 2- CuS Metathesis (double replacement)
Solid calcium phosphate is added to excess hydrochloric acid
Ca 3 (PO 4 ) 2 + 6H + 2H 3 PO 4 + 3Ca 2+ Metathesis (double replacement)
Solid barium peroxide is added to cold dilute sulfuric acid
BaO 2 + H + + HSO 4 - BaSO 4 + H 2 O 2 Metathesis (double replacement)
Solid barium carbonate is added to an excess of dilute nitric acid
BaCO 3 + 2H + Ba 2+ + H 2 O + CO 2 Metathesis (double replacement)
A solution of ammonium sulfate is added to a saturated solution of barium hydroxide
NH SO Ba 2+ + OH - BaSO 4 + NH 3 + H 2 O Metathesis (double replacement)
A dilute solution of sulfuric acid is electrolyzed between platinum electrodes
2H 2 O 2H 2 + O 2 Electrolysis
A solution of potassium iodide is electrolyzed
2I - + 2H 2 O I 2 + H 2 + 2OH - Electrolysis
A solution of copper(II) sulfate is electrolyzed using inert electrodes
2Cu H 2 O 2Cu + O 2 + 4H + Electrolysis
Solid potassium chlorate is heated in the presence of manganese dioxide as a catalyst
2KClO 3 2KCl + 3O 2 Decomposition
A solution of hydrogen peroxide is catalytically decomposed
2H 2 O 2 2H 2 O + O 2 Decomposition
Solid calcium sulfite is heated in a vacuum
CaSO 3 CaO + SO 2 Decomposition
Solid ammonium carbonate is heated
(NH 4 ) 2 CO 3 2NH 3 + CO 2 + H 2 O Decomposition
Excess concentrated sodium hydroxide solution is added to solid aluminum hydroxide
OH - + Al(OH) 3 [Al(OH) 4 ] - Complex ion
Excess hydrochloric acid is added to a solution of diamminesilver(I) nitrate
2H + + Cl - + [Ag(NH 3 ) 2 ] + AgCl + 2NH 4 + Complex ion
A solution of ammonium triocyanate is added to a solution of iron(III) chloride
Fe 3+ + SCN - [FeSCN] 2+ [or [Fe(SCN) 6 ] 3- ] Complex ion
A concentrated solution of ammonia is added to a solution of zinc iodide
4NH 3 + Zn 2+ [Zn(NH 3 ) 4 ] 2+ Complex ion
A concentrated solution of ammonia is added to a suspension of zinc hydroxide
4NH 3 + Zn(OH) 2 [Zn(NH 3 ) 4 ] OH - Complex ion
Aqueous ammonia is added to solid silver chloride
2NH 3 + AgCl [Ag(NH 3 ) 2 ] + + Cl - Complex ion
A solution of diamminesilver(I) chloride is treated with dilute nitric acid
[Ag(NH 3 ) 2 ] + + Cl - + 2H + AgCl + 2NH 4 + Complex ions
Solid zinc sulfide is heated in an excess of oxygen
2ZnS + 3O 2 2ZnO + 2SO 2 Combustion
Lithium metal is burned in air
4Li + O 2 2Li 2 O Combustion
Ethene gas is burned in air
C 2 H 4 + 3O 2 2CO 2 + 2H 2 O Combustion
Ethanol is burned in oxygen
2C 2 H 5 OH + 6O 2 4CO 2 + 6H 2 O Combustion
Solid copper(II) sulfide is heated strongly in oxygen gas
CuS + O 2 Cu + SO 2 Combustion
Carbon disulfide vapor is burned in excess oxygen
CS 2 + 3O 2 CO 2 + 2SO 2 Combustion
A piece of solid bismuth is heated strongly in oxygen
4Bi + 3O 2 2Bi 2 O 3 Combustion
Sulfur trioxide gas is added to excess water
SO 3 + H 2 O H + + HSO 4 - Acetic anhydride
Sulfur dioxide gas is passed over solid calcium oxide
SO 2 + CaO CaSO 3 Anhydride
Phosphorus(V) oxide powder is sprinkled over distilled water
P 4 O 10 (or P 2 O 5 ) + 6H 2 O 4H 3 PO 4 Acetic anhydride
Solid dinitrogen pentoxide is added to water
Mg + N 2 Mg 3 N 2 Pb + Ag + Pb 2+ + Ag Magnesium metal is burned in nitrogen Lead foil is immersed in silver nitrate A solution of ammonium sulfate.
Double Replacement 1. Hydrogen sulfide is bubbled through a solution of silver nitrate. H 2 S(g) + AgNO 3 (aq) --> HNO 3 (aq) + Ag 2 S(s) H 2 S + Ag +
Midterm Reaction Review Answers. DIRECTIONS: Write net ionic equations for the following reactions. For extra practice, classify and balance each reaction.
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