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Magnesium metal is added to nitrogen gas
3 Mg + N2 Mg3N2 Synthesis
Excess chlorine gas is passed over hot iron filings
3 Cl2 + 2 Fe 2FeCl3 Synthesis
The gases boron trifluoride and ammonia are mixed
Synthesis(Lewis Acid-Base Reaction)BF3 + NH3 F3BNH3 Synthesis(Lewis Acid-Base Reaction)
Solid zinc strips are added to a solution of copper(II) sulfate
Zn + Cu2+ Zn2+ + Cu Single replacement
A mixture of powdered iron(III) oxide and powdered aluminum metal is heated strongly
Fe2O3 + 2Al Al2O3 + 2Fe Single Replacement
Chlorine gas is bubbled into a solution of sodium bromide
Cl2 + 2Br- 2Cl- + Br2 Single Replacement
Solid calcium is added to warm water
Ca + 2HOH Ca2+ + 2OH- + H2 Single Replacement
Calcium metal is added to a dilute solution of hydrochloric acid
Ca + 2H+ Ca2+ + H2 Single Replacement
Aluminum metal is added to a solution of copper(II) chloride
2Al + 3Cu2+ 2Al3+ + 3Cu Single Replacement
A solution of tin(II) sulfate is added to a solution of iron(III) sulfate
Sn2+ + 2Fe3+ Sn4+ + 2Fe2+ Redox
A solution of tin(II) chloride is added to an acidified solution of potassium permanganate
5Sn2+ + 16H+ + 2MnO4- 5Sn4+ + 2Mn2+ + 8HOHRedox
A solution of sodium iodide is added to an acidified (sulfuric acid) solution of potassium dichromate
6I- + 13H+ + HSO4- + Cr2O72- 3I2 + 2Cr3+ + 7H2O + SO42- Redox
A solution of sodium bromide is added to an acidified solution of potassium bromate
5Br- + 6H+ + BrO3- 3Br2 + 3H2O Redox
An acidified solution of potassium permanganate is added to a solution of sodium sulfite
6H+ + 2MnO4- + 5SO32- 2Mn2+ + 5SO42- + 3 H2ORedox
Acidified potassium permanganate is added to a solution of sodium nitrite
2MnO4- + 6H+ + 5NO2- -> 2Mn2+ + 3H2O + 5NO3-Redox
Potassium permanganate solution is added to concentrated hydrochloric acid
2MnO4- + 16H+ + 10Cl- 2Mn2+ + 5Cl2 + 8H2ORedox
A solution of potassium iodide is added to an acidified solution of potassium dichromate
6I- + 14H+ + Cr2O72- 3I- + 2Cr3+ + 7H2O Redox
Magnesium turnings are added to a solution of iron(III) chloride
Mg + 2Fe3+ Mg2+ + 2Fe2+ Redox
Iron(III) ions are reduced by iodide ions
2Fe3+ + 2I- 2Fe2+ + I2 Redox
Powdered iron is added to a solution of iron(III) sulfate
Fe + 2Fe3+ 3Fe2+ Redox
Hydrogen peroxide is added to an acidified solution of sodium bromide
H2O2 + 2H+ + 2Br- Br2 + 2H2O Redox
Hydrogen peroxide is added to an acidified solution of potassium dichromate
3H2O2 + 8H+ + Cr2O72- 2Cr3+ + 7H2O + 3O2 Redox
Hydrogen gas is passed over hot iron(III) oxide
3H2 + Fe2O3 2Fe + 3H2O Redox
Hydrogen gas is passed over hot iron(II) oxide powder
H2 + FeO Fe + H2O Redox
Concentrated hydrochloric acid solution is added to solid manganese(IV) oxide and the reactants are heated
4H+ + 2Cl- + MnO2 Cl2 + Mn2+ + 2H2O Redox
A strip of copper metal is added to a concentrated solution of sulfuric acid
Cu + 4H+ + SO42- Cu2+ + H2O + H2SO3 Redox
A strip of copper is immersed in a nitric acid solution
Cu + 4H+ + 2NO3- Cu2+ + 2NO2 + 2H2O Redox
Chlorine gas is bubbled into a cold, dilute solution of potassium hydroxide
Cl2 + 2OH- ClO- + Cl- + H2O Redox
Propene gas is mixed with bromine vapor
C3H6 + Br2 C3H6Br2 Organic (addition)
Methane gas is heated with an excess of chlorine gas
Organic (substitution)CH4 + Cl2 CH3Cl + HCl Organic (substitution)
Ethanol and formic acid (methanoic acid) are mixed and warmed
Organic (esterification)C2H5OH + HCOOH HCOOC2H5 + H2O Organic (esterification)
Benzene is treated with bromine in the presence of a catalyst
Organic (substitution)Br2 + C6H6 C6H5Br + HBr Organic (substitution)
Glacial acetic acid is mixed with liquid methanol (nonaqueous)
Organic (esterification)CH3COOH +CH3OH CH3COOCH3 + H2O Organic (esterification)
Excess concentrated sulfuric acid is added to solid calcium phosphate
Metathesis (double replacement)3H+ + 3HSO4- + Ca3(PO4)2 3CaSO4 + 2H3PO4 Metathesis (double replacement)
Trisodium phosphate crystals are added to water
Metathesis (double replacement)Na3PO4 + H2O 3Na+ + OH- + HPO42- Metathesis (double replacement)
Solutions of sodium fluoride and dilute hydrochloric acid are mixed
Metathesis (double replacement)F- + H+ HF Metathesis (double replacement)
Equal volumes of dilute equimolar solutions of sodium carbonate and hydrochloric acid are mixed
Metathesis (double replacement)CO32- + H+ HCO3- Metathesis (double replacement)
Solutions of silver nitrate and sodium chromate are mixed
Metathesis (double replacement)2Ag+ + CrO42- Ag2CrO4 Metathesis (double replacement)
Solutions of tripotassium phosphate and zinc nitrate are mixed
Metathesis (double replacement)3Zn2+ + 2PO43- Zn3(PO4)2 Metathesis (double replacement)
Solutions of manganese (II) sulfate and ammonium sulfide are mixed
Metathesis (double replacement)Mn2+ + S2- MnS Metathesis (double replacement)
Solid lithium hydride is added to distilled water
Metathesis (double replacement)LiH + H2O Li+ + OH- + H2 Metathesis (double replacement)
Hydrogen sulfide gas is bubbled through a solution of potassium hydroxide
Metathesis (double replacement)H2S + 2OH- S2- + 2H2O Metathesis (double replacement)
Hydrogen sulfide gas is added to a solution of cadmium nitrate
Metathesis (double replacement)H2S + Cd2+ CdS + 2H+ Metathesis (double replacement)
Dilute hydrochloric acid is added to a solution of potassium sulfite
Metathesis (double replacement)2H+ + SO32- H2O + SO2 Metathesis (double replacement)
Dilute hydrochloric acid is added to a dilute solution of mercury(I) nitrate
Metathesis (double replacement)2Cl- + Hg22+ Hg2Cl2 Metathesis (double replacement)
Concentrated hydrochloric acid is added to solid manganese(II) sulfide
Metathesis (double replacement)2H+ + MnS H2S + Mn2+ Metathesis (double replacement)
A solution of copper(II) sulfate is added to a solution of barium hydroxide
Metathesis (double replacement)Cu2+ + SO42- + Ba2+ + 2OH- Cu(OH)2 + BaSO4 Metathesis (double replacement)
A solution of copper(II) chloride is added to a solution of sodium sulfide
Metathesis (double replacement)Cu2+ + S2- CuS Metathesis (double replacement)
Solid calcium phosphate is added to excess hydrochloric acid
Metathesis (double replacement)Ca3(PO4)2 + 6H+ 2H3PO4 + 3Ca2+ Metathesis (double replacement)
Solid barium peroxide is added to cold dilute sulfuric acid
Metathesis (double replacement)BaO2 + H+ + HSO4- BaSO4 + H2O2 Metathesis (double replacement)
Solid barium carbonate is added to an excess of dilute nitric acid
Metathesis (double replacement)BaCO3 + 2H+ Ba2+ + H2O + CO2 Metathesis (double replacement)
A solution of ammonium sulfate is added to a saturated solution of barium hydroxide
Metathesis (double replacement)NH4+ + SO42- + Ba2+ + OH- BaSO4 + NH3 + H2O Metathesis (double replacement)
A dilute solution of sulfuric acid is electrolyzed between platinum electrodes
2H2O 2H2 + O2 Electrolysis
A solution of potassium iodide is electrolyzed
2I- + 2H2O I2 + H2 + 2OH- Electrolysis
A solution of copper(II) sulfate is electrolyzed using inert electrodes
2Cu2+ + 2H2O 2Cu + O2 + 4H+ Electrolysis
Solid potassium chlorate is heated in the presence of manganese dioxide as a catalyst
2KClO3 2KCl + 3O2 Decomposition
A solution of hydrogen peroxide is catalytically decomposed
2H2O2 2H2O + O2 Decomposition
Solid calcium sulfite is heated in a vacuum
CaSO3 CaO + SO2 Decomposition
Solid ammonium carbonate is heated
(NH4)2CO3 NH3 + CO2 + H2O Decomposition
Excess concentrated sodium hydroxide solution is added to solid aluminum hydroxide
OH- + Al(OH)3 [Al(OH)4]- Complex ion
Excess hydrochloric acid is added to a solution of diamminesilver(I) nitrate
2H+ + Cl- + [Ag(NH3)2]+ AgCl + 2NH4+Complex ion
A solution of ammonium triocyanate is added to a solution of iron(III) chloride
Fe3+ + SCN- [FeSCN]2+ [or [Fe(SCN)6]3-] Complex ion
A concentrated solution of ammonia is added to a solution of zinc iodide
4NH3 + Zn2+ [Zn(NH3)4]2+ Complex ion
A concentrated solution of ammonia is added to a suspension of zinc hydroxide
4NH3 + Zn(OH)2 [Zn(NH3)4]2+ + 2OH- Complex ion
Aqueous ammonia is added to solid silver chloride
2NH3 + AgCl [Ag(NH3)2]+ + Cl- Complex ion
A solution of diamminesilver(I) chloride is treated with dilute nitric acid
[Ag(NH3)2]+ + Cl- + 2H+ AgCl + 2NH4+Complex ions
Solid zinc sulfide is heated in an excess of oxygen
2ZnS + 3O2 ZnO + 2SO2 Combustion
Lithium metal is burned in air
4Li + O2 2Li2O Combustion
Ethene gas is burned in air
C2H4 + 3O2 CO2 + 2H2O Combustion
Ethanol is burned in oxygen
2C2H5OH + 6O2 4CO2 + 6H2O Combustion
Solid copper(II) sulfide is heated strongly in oxygen gas
CuS + O2 Cu + SO2 Combustion
Carbon disulfide vapor is burned in excess oxygen
CS2 + 3O2 CO2 + 2SO2 Combustion
A piece of solid bismuth is heated strongly in oxygen
4Bi + 3O2 2Bi2O3 Combustion
Sulfur trioxide gas is added to excess water
SO3 + H2O H+ + HSO4- Acetic anhydride
Sulfur dioxide gas is passed over solid calcium oxide
SO2 + CaO CaSO3 Anhydride
Phosphorus(V) oxide powder is sprinkled over distilled water
P4O10 (or P2O5) + 6H2O 4H3PO4 Acetic anhydride
Solid dinitrogen pentoxide is added to water
Mg + N 2 Mg 3 N 2 Pb + Ag + Pb 2+ + Ag Magnesium metal is burned in nitrogen Lead foil is immersed in silver nitrate A solution of ammonium sulfate.
Double Replacement 1. Hydrogen sulfide is bubbled through a solution of silver nitrate. H 2 S(g) + AgNO 3 (aq) --> HNO 3 (aq) + Ag 2 S(s) H 2 S + Ag +
Midterm Reaction Review Answers. DIRECTIONS: Write net ionic equations for the following reactions. For extra practice, classify and balance each reaction.
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