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Nanotechnology in the Oil and Gas Industry Joshua Moreno Scott Marwil Danielle Miller.

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Presentation on theme: "Nanotechnology in the Oil and Gas Industry Joshua Moreno Scott Marwil Danielle Miller."— Presentation transcript:

1 Nanotechnology in the Oil and Gas Industry Joshua Moreno Scott Marwil Danielle Miller

2 Introduction How can nanotechnology help the oil and gas industry? How can nanotechnology help the oil and gas industry? First, lets identify the problems: First, lets identify the problems: Drilling equipment tends to wear down fairly quickly Drilling equipment tends to wear down fairly quickly Normally, oil wells are only able to recover about 1 out of every 3 barrels of oil from a reservoir Normally, oil wells are only able to recover about 1 out of every 3 barrels of oil from a reservoir Current Seismic technology cannot produce high enough resolution data about the oil reservoir Current Seismic technology cannot produce high enough resolution data about the oil reservoir With peak oil fast approaching, there is a definite need to be able to fully utilize all of the resources that are available With peak oil fast approaching, there is a definite need to be able to fully utilize all of the resources that are available

3 Introduction Nanotechnology is striving to help the oil and gas industry increase oil recovery by improving: Nanotechnology is striving to help the oil and gas industry increase oil recovery by improving: Chemicals used in recovery of oilChemicals used in recovery of oil Drilling MaterialsDrilling Materials Reservoir SurveillanceReservoir Surveillance

4 Nanocoatings Anti-wear for drilling parts Anti-wear for drilling parts Anti-corrosion for pipelines and other exposed long term structures Anti-corrosion for pipelines and other exposed long term structures Lubricants and drilling mud Lubricants and drilling mud Thermal coatings to lower deformation Thermal coatings to lower deformation Anti-fouling for ships Anti-fouling for ships

5 Anti-wear coating Goal is to increase durability in moving parts Goal is to increase durability in moving parts Increased durability gives added toughness, a longer life span, and a lower equipment cost over time Increased durability gives added toughness, a longer life span, and a lower equipment cost over time Coating is usually sprayed on and will bond with the host material. Coating is usually sprayed on and will bond with the host material. Drilling materials need advances to be able to reach hard to get oil reserves Drilling materials need advances to be able to reach hard to get oil reserves

6 Nanovar Produced by Integran Produced by Integran Can be put on most any composite metal Can be put on most any composite metal Coatings custom made for situation and material being applied to Coatings custom made for situation and material being applied to

7 Nanovar Much denser than metal on an atomic level Much denser than metal on an atomic level Provides strength, hardness, and thermal resistance which are three things needed in oil drilling in the future to reach reserves Provides strength, hardness, and thermal resistance which are three things needed in oil drilling in the future to reach reserves

8 Anti-corrosion Long lasting coatings are needed to protect under sea pipes from sea water Long lasting coatings are needed to protect under sea pipes from sea water Coatings used on rigs and other platforms to prevent rust and corrosion that can cause safety issues Coatings used on rigs and other platforms to prevent rust and corrosion that can cause safety issues More environmental friendly than anti- corrosion paints and cheaper More environmental friendly than anti- corrosion paints and cheaper

9 Anti-corrosion Metal surfaces are imperfect Metal surfaces are imperfect Surface penetration from the coating is vital to performance Surface penetration from the coating is vital to performance Nanocoatings can be custom made and out perform traditional coatings in this aspect Nanocoatings can be custom made and out perform traditional coatings in this aspect

10 Nanofluids - lubricants Suspensions of nanoparticles in fluids that enhance its properties Suspensions of nanoparticles in fluids that enhance its properties Main advantage in the oil and gas field is the enhanced thermal properties (performs well at high/low temperatures, transfers heat well, insulates well, etc) Main advantage in the oil and gas field is the enhanced thermal properties (performs well at high/low temperatures, transfers heat well, insulates well, etc) Highly customizable to the desired situation Highly customizable to the desired situation

11 Nanofluids – drilling mud Nanofluids used in drilling mud is being looked at as a solution to ultra deep drilling fluid Nanofluids used in drilling mud is being looked at as a solution to ultra deep drilling fluid Nanoparticles added at a low weight percentage can have a big impact in the fluid Nanoparticles added at a low weight percentage can have a big impact in the fluid The suspension of nanoparticles can provide enhanced stability against sedimentation along with better thermal, mechanical, electrical, and magnetic properties The suspension of nanoparticles can provide enhanced stability against sedimentation along with better thermal, mechanical, electrical, and magnetic properties Customizable for the situation and geography/region Customizable for the situation and geography/region Improvements will enable access to deeper, hotter regions in high grade formations where oil cannot currently be reached Improvements will enable access to deeper, hotter regions in high grade formations where oil cannot currently be reached

12 Anti-fouling Big issue in the marine industry Big issue in the marine industry These bacteria and plants can increase a ships fuel costs by 40% These bacteria and plants can increase a ships fuel costs by 40% Environmental concerns about current anti-fouling paints Environmental concerns about current anti-fouling paints

13 Anti-fouling AMBIO project is seeking a nanocoating solution that eliminates fouling AMBIO project is seeking a nanocoating solution that eliminates fouling Focuses on how microorganisms attach to the surfaces of ships Focuses on how microorganisms attach to the surfaces of ships Seeks to combine a low drag silicon coating with carbon nanotubes Seeks to combine a low drag silicon coating with carbon nanotubes

14 Wrap-up Still a lot of development occurring in this field Still a lot of development occurring in this field Development slowed by competing companies. No free flow of information Development slowed by competing companies. No free flow of information Will be greatly important as we seek harder to reach oil and gas reserves Will be greatly important as we seek harder to reach oil and gas reserves

15 Reservoir Surveillance Purpose: To increase knowledge about oil wells in an attempt to recover more oil from wells Purpose: To increase knowledge about oil wells in an attempt to recover more oil from wells Rice University is working on nanoreporters Rice University is working on nanoreporters Made up of hundreds of millions of carbon clusters Made up of hundreds of millions of carbon clusters Each reporter is approximately 30,000 times smaller than a human hair Each reporter is approximately 30,000 times smaller than a human hair

16 Reservoir Surveillance These reporters are designed to change their molecular makeup depending on what they encounter – water, petroleum, hydrogen sulfide, etc These reporters are designed to change their molecular makeup depending on what they encounter – water, petroleum, hydrogen sulfide, etc They are also given tags, similar to barcodes, that can tell scientists how long they have been underground They are also given tags, similar to barcodes, that can tell scientists how long they have been underground

17 Reservoir Surveillance Lastly, they are being designed to be able to report properties about the material that they are currently near Lastly, they are being designed to be able to report properties about the material that they are currently near With the ability to report temperature and pressure, they can relay valuable information to scientists With the ability to report temperature and pressure, they can relay valuable information to scientists

18 Reservoir Surveillance How does this increased knowledge help? How does this increased knowledge help? With a better idea of the physical properties of an oil reservoir, operators will have a much easier time finding and recovering oil With a better idea of the physical properties of an oil reservoir, operators will have a much easier time finding and recovering oil This would also allow easier placement of Enhanced Oil Recovery (EOR) chemicals such as emulsifier and foamer This would also allow easier placement of Enhanced Oil Recovery (EOR) chemicals such as emulsifier and foamer

19 Nanorobots Another new technology that may have an impact on the oil and gas industry is nano-robots. The EXPEC Advanced Research Center has been looking into this new technology Another new technology that may have an impact on the oil and gas industry is nano-robots. The EXPEC Advanced Research Center has been looking into this new technology They have coined the phrase resbots, or reservoir robots They have coined the phrase resbots, or reservoir robots These resbots are designed for a similar purpose as the nanoreporters; however, they are proving to be difficult due to their larger size These resbots are designed for a similar purpose as the nanoreporters; however, they are proving to be difficult due to their larger size Resbot lead technologist Mazen Kanj illustrates that one drop of solution contains more 600 billion Resbots. One milligram of the dry material holds 6 trillion Resbots.

20 Nanorobots In order for any particle to move through an oil reservoir, it must be able to pass through tiny pores in the rock In order for any particle to move through an oil reservoir, it must be able to pass through tiny pores in the rock In order for resbots to be able to pass through them, EXPEC ARC had to manipulate the physical and chemical properties of the resbots until they were able to pass through the pores In order for resbots to be able to pass through them, EXPEC ARC had to manipulate the physical and chemical properties of the resbots until they were able to pass through the pores Reservoir rock holds oil in tiny pores connected by pore throats, outlined in red, which are even smaller than the pores. Nanorobots must be small enough to pass through the pore throats.

21 Nanorobots Te EXPEC ARC has recently produced the first positive test of their resbots Te EXPEC ARC has recently produced the first positive test of their resbots They were able to pass the resbots through a core sample and successfully recover them They were able to pass the resbots through a core sample and successfully recover them This is great first step in resbot technology This is great first step in resbot technology

22 Nanorobots The resbots that they passed through the core sample were dumb resbots, meaning that they had no sensing capability yet The resbots that they passed through the core sample were dumb resbots, meaning that they had no sensing capability yet The next step is to begin adding the sensors to the resbots The next step is to begin adding the sensors to the resbots Saudi Aramcos EXPEC ARC representatives at the February Applied Technology Workshop. From left are Hiba Dialdin; Dr. Mazen Kanj, workshop chairman; Dr. Muhammad Al-Saggaf; Rami Kamal, workshop committee member; and Modiu Sanni.

23 Conclusions Great expectations and nearly limitless possibilities Great expectations and nearly limitless possibilities Too expensive to use in the present Too expensive to use in the present Will be invaluable in the future Will be invaluable in the future Can help delay peak oil Can help delay peak oil

24 Questions

25 Works Cited Nanotechnology advances to shed new light on reservoirs, JPT Online Nanotechnology advances to shed new light on reservoirs, JPT Online Resbots Pass First Reservoir Feasibility Tests, Saudi Aramco News Resbots Pass First Reservoir Feasibility Tests, Saudi Aramco News Applications of Nanofluids: Current and Future Kevin v. Wong and Omar De LeonUniversity of Miami Applications of Nanofluids: Current and Future Kevin v. Wong and Omar De LeonUniversity of Miami Development and implementation of plasma sprayed nanostructured ceramic coatings M. Gell, E.H. Jordan, Y.H. Sohn Development and implementation of plasma sprayed nanostructured ceramic coatings M. Gell, E.H. Jordan, Y.H. Sohn pdf pdf pdf pdf

26 Group S4 Please prepare rebuttal

27 Danielle Miller Scott Marwil Joshua Moreno

28 General Comments First of all, thanks to all the groups for the constructive criticism. Both Josh and Scott have learned from the presentations and used the experience to develop their speaking skills.

29 Timing Our group presented this topic without Danielle. This explains why our presentation came up a little bit short on time. Even so, the group could have done a bit more to lengthen the presentation. In the future, more effort will be put into maintaining a good pace in the presentation.

30 Slide Pictures More pictures could have been used and a couple of them were a little blurry. This issue arose because the pictures we used were small to begin with. A more thorough picture search could have fixed this and will be implemented in the future.

31 Research Several comments arose about the amount of research done for the presentation. We feel that, due to a presenter missing, we provided more than enough information for two people to research.

32 Presentation: Nanotechnology in the Oil and Gas Industry By Group 4 Group S1 REVIEW of Nanotechnology in the Oil and Gas Industry

33 Josh had good speaking skills Seemed knowledgeable Good pace Slides had good format Large text, except for first slide Lots of graphics Use of humor in end question slide Presenters answered questions with further information than what was presented Showed good preparation for presentation But the presentation was information-light, so adding the info to the slides would have been helpful Two group members managed well in the absence of third member

34 Scott can improve speaking skills Rushed pace Looked at monitor more than audience Seemed like the group could not find adequate information for presentation Little detail in slides A different topic choice where information was more available would have been better Slide information was not cited in slides or at end of presentation Pictures were not cited either

35 Slides (20/20) Well designed Educational Value (16/20) Seemed more interested in quantity than details in information Graphics (20/20) Frequent and well placed Made presentation more enjoyable But replace a few pictures with diagrams Some pictures did not add to presentation Oral presentation (17/20) 1 st speaker did well 2 nd speaker needs some practice Group Analysis of Research (19/20) Needed a little more research on topic for thoroughness Overall (92/100)

36 Group S2 REVIEW of Nanotechnology in the Oil and Gas Industry Chris Heflin Rachael Houk Michael Jones

37 Positives Very good at building slides with both pictures and words. Graphs gave good representation of the information. Provided multiple applications of the technologies available and delved into each topic. Spoke clearly and eloquently.

38 Negatives The presentation was a bit brief. They could elaborate more on each topic rather than moving steadily through the slides.

39 Michael Koetting James Kancewick Bradford Lamb Group S3 REVIEW of Nanotechnology in the Oil and Gas Industry

40 Overall Good explanations of slides Good time management Expanded on topics Nano robot discusion very interesting

41 Recommendations Have more information/ slides about the topics Better time management More pictures

42 Group S5 REVIEW of Nanotechnology in the Oil and Gas Industry Trevor Seidel Laura Young

43 Presentation Review The presentation needed more graphics Some of the slides were just words The oral presenters spoke clearly and were easy to understand Some of the slides were a little wordy and detracted from the oral presentation The topic was well developed and interesting to the audience

44 Presentation Review The team presented the information well and understood the topic thoroughly The oral presentation was good; they spoke clearly and slowlyeasy to understand

45 John Baumhardt Daniel Arnold Michael Trevathan Michael Tran Group S6 REVIEW of Nanotechnology in the Oil and Gas Industry

46 Review Professional slide layout and, except for a couple graphics, the graphic text sizing was easy to read. The presentation was very professional and the interest/passion felt for the topic was evident throughout the presentation. The verbal presentation was quite good overall. There was some reading straight off of the slides, which was distracting. For some of the topics, we felt, while the nanotechnology research was interesting, the shortcomings of the current industrial methods were not explicitly established.

47 Critique of Information We are afraid the actual drive for anti-corrosion technology was missed in the presentation. From a natural gas background, the anti-corrosion section doesnt address the corrosion aspect of the natural gas industry. In the industry, corrosion refers to the degradation and destruction of pipelines internal walls. Whenever untreated natural gas (from a well) travels through a pipe line microbes accumulate throughout the pipeline, and some produce sulfur that corrodes the pipeline. Nanotechnology solutions are most likely focused on internal pipeline corrosion rather than low impact sea water, rust, and paint degradation.

48 Critique (continued) We believe that our concerns with the presentation are due to the incorporation of too many subtopics. There were so many applications discussed that a clear/in-depth analysis couldnt possibly have been performed for the background section of every topic. This topics were extremely interesting and the nanotechnology information seemed very well researched and established.


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