Presentation on theme: "Nanotechnology in the Oil and Gas Industry"— Presentation transcript:
1Nanotechnology in the Oil and Gas Industry Joshua MorenoScott MarwilDanielle Miller
2Introduction How can nanotechnology help the oil and gas industry? First, let’s identify the problems:Drilling equipment tends to wear down fairly quicklyNormally, oil wells are only able to recover about 1 out of every 3 barrels of oil from a reservoirCurrent Seismic technology cannot produce high enough resolution data about the oil reservoirWith peak oil fast approaching, there is a definite need to be able to fully utilize all of the resources that are available
3IntroductionNanotechnology is striving to help the oil and gas industry increase oil recovery by improving:Chemicals used in recovery of oilDrilling MaterialsReservoir Surveillance
4Nanocoatings Anti-wear for drilling parts Anti-corrosion for pipelines and other exposed long term structuresLubricants and drilling mudThermal coatings to lower deformationAnti-fouling for ships
5Anti-wear coating Goal is to increase durability in moving parts Increased durability gives added toughness, a longer life span, and a lower equipment cost over timeCoating is usually sprayed on and will bond with the host material.Drilling materials need advances to be able to reach hard to get oil reserves
6Nanovar Produced by Integran Can be put on most any composite metal Coatings custom made for situation and material being applied to
7Nanovar Much denser than metal on an atomic level Provides strength, hardness, and thermal resistance which are three things needed in oil drilling in the future to reach reserves
8Anti-corrosionLong lasting coatings are needed to protect under sea pipes from sea waterCoatings used on rigs and other platforms to prevent rust and corrosion that can cause safety issuesMore environmental friendly than anti-corrosion paints and cheaper
9Anti-corrosion Metal surfaces are imperfect Surface penetration from the coating is vital to performanceNanocoatings can be custom made and out perform traditional coatings in this aspect
10Nanofluids - lubricants Suspensions of nanoparticles in fluids that enhance its propertiesMain advantage in the oil and gas field is the enhanced thermal properties (performs well at high/low temperatures, transfers heat well, insulates well, etc)Highly customizable to the desired situation
11Nanofluids – drilling mud Nanofluids used in drilling mud is being looked at as a solution to ultra deep drilling fluidNanoparticles added at a low weight percentage can have a big impact in the fluidThe suspension of nanoparticles can provide enhanced stability against sedimentation along with better thermal, mechanical, electrical, and magnetic propertiesCustomizable for the situation and geography/regionImprovements will enable access to deeper, hotter regions in high grade formations where oil cannot currently be reached
12Anti-fouling Big issue in the marine industry These bacteria and plants can increase a ships fuel costs by 40%Environmental concerns about current anti-fouling paints
13Anti-foulingAMBIO project is seeking a nanocoating solution that eliminates foulingFocuses on how microorganisms attach to the surfaces of shipsSeeks to combine a low drag silicon coating with carbon nanotubes
14Wrap-up Still a lot of development occurring in this field Development slowed by competing companies. No free flow of informationWill be greatly important as we seek harder to reach oil and gas reserves
15Reservoir Surveillance Purpose: To increase knowledge about oil wells in an attempt to recover more oil from wellsRice University is working on “nanoreporters”Made up of hundreds of millions of carbon clustersEach reporter is approximately 30,000 times smaller than a human hair
16Reservoir Surveillance These “reporters” are designed to change their molecular makeup depending on what they encounter – water, petroleum, hydrogen sulfide, etcThey are also given tags, similar to barcodes, that can tell scientists how long they have been underground
17Reservoir Surveillance Lastly, they are being designed to be able to report properties about the material that they are currently nearWith the ability to report temperature and pressure, they can relay valuable information to scientists
18Reservoir Surveillance How does this increased knowledge help?With a better idea of the physical properties of an oil reservoir, operators will have a much easier time finding and recovering oilThis would also allow easier placement of Enhanced Oil Recovery (EOR) chemicals such as emulsifier and foamer
19NanorobotsAnother new technology that may have an impact on the oil and gas industry is nano-robots. The EXPEC Advanced Research Center has been looking into this new technologyThey have coined the phrase resbots, or reservoir robotsThese resbots are designed for a similar purpose as the nanoreporters; however, they are proving to be difficult due to their larger sizeResbot lead technologist Mazen Kanj illustrates that one drop of solution contains more 600 billion Resbots. One milligram of the dry material holds 6 trillion Resbots.
20NanorobotsIn order for any particle to move through an oil reservoir, it must be able to pass through tiny pores in the rockIn order for resbots to be able to pass through them, EXPEC ARC had to manipulate the physical and chemical properties of the resbots until they were able to pass through the poresReservoir rock holds oil in tiny pores connected by “pore throats,” outlined in red, which are even smaller than the pores. Nanorobots must be small enough to pass through the pore throats.
21NanorobotsTe EXPEC ARC has recently produced the first positive test of their resbotsThey were able to pass the resbots through a core sample and successfully recover themThis is great first step in resbot technology
22NanorobotsThe resbots that they passed through the core sample were “dumb” resbots, meaning that they had no sensing capability yetThe next step is to begin adding the sensors to the resbotsSaudi Aramco’s EXPEC ARC representatives at the February Applied Technology Workshop. From left are Hiba Dialdin; Dr. Mazen Kanj, workshop chairman; Dr. Muhammad Al-Saggaf; Rami Kamal, workshop committee member; and Modiu Sanni.
23Conclusions Great expectations and nearly limitless possibilities Too expensive to use in the presentWill be invaluable in the futureCan help delay peak oil
25Works Cited“Nanotechnology advances to shed new light on reservoirs,” JPT Online“Resbots Pass First Reservoir Feasibility Tests,” Saudi Aramco NewsApplications of Nanofluids: Current and Future” Kevin v. Wong and Omar De Leon University of Miami“Development and implementation of plasma sprayed nanostructured ceramic coatings” M. Gell, E.H. Jordan, Y.H. Sohn
26Please prepare rebuttal Group S4Please prepare rebuttal
28General CommentsFirst of all, thanks to all the groups for the constructive criticism.Both Josh and Scott have learned from the presentations and used the experience to develop their speaking skills.
29TimingOur group presented this topic without Danielle. This explains why our presentation came up a little bit short on time.Even so, the group could have done a bit more to lengthen the presentation.In the future, more effort will be put into maintaining a good pace in the presentation.
30Slide PicturesMore pictures could have been used and a couple of them were a little blurry. This issue arose because the pictures we used were small to begin with.A more thorough picture search could have fixed this and will be implemented in the future.
31ResearchSeveral comments arose about the amount of research done for the presentation.We feel that, due to a presenter missing, we provided more than enough information for two people to research.
32Presentation: Nanotechnology in the Oil and Gas Industry By Group 4 Group S1REVIEW of Nanotechnology in the Oil and Gas IndustryPresentation:Nanotechnology in the Oil and Gas IndustryBy Group 4
33Positive Notes Josh had good speaking skills Slides had good format Seemed knowledgeableGood paceSlides had good formatLarge text, except for first slideLots of graphicsUse of humor in end question slidePresenters answered questions with further information than what was presentedShowed good preparation for presentationBut the presentation was information-light, so adding the info to the slides would have been helpfulTwo group members managed well in the absence of third member
34Opportunities for Improvement Scott can improve speaking skillsRushed paceLooked at monitor more than audienceSeemed like the group could not find adequate information for presentationLittle detail in slidesA different topic choice where information was more available would have been betterSlide information was not cited in slides or at end of presentationPictures were not cited either
35Grade Slides (20/20) Educational Value (16/20) Graphics (20/20) Well designedEducational Value (16/20)Seemed more interested in quantity than details in informationGraphics (20/20)Frequent and well placedMade presentation more enjoyableBut replace a few pictures with diagramsSome pictures did not add to presentationOral presentation (17/20)1st speaker did well2nd speaker needs some practiceGroup Analysis of Research (19/20)Needed a little more research on topic for thoroughnessOverall (92/100)
36REVIEW of Nanotechnology in the Oil and Gas Industry Group S2REVIEW of Nanotechnology in the Oil and Gas IndustryChris HeflinRachael HoukMichael Jones
37PositivesVery good at building slides with both pictures and words. Graphs gave good representation of the information.Provided multiple applications of the technologies available and delved into each topic.Spoke clearly and eloquently.
38NegativesThe presentation was a bit brief. They could elaborate more on each topic rather than moving steadily through the slides.
39Michael Koetting James Kancewick Bradford Lamb Group S3REVIEW of Nanotechnology in the Oil and Gas IndustryMichael KoettingJames KancewickBradford Lamb
40Overall Good explanations of slides Good time management Expanded on topicsNano robot discusion very interesting
41Recommendations Have more information/ slides about the topics Better time managementMore pictures
42REVIEW of Nanotechnology in the Oil and Gas Industry Group S5REVIEW of Nanotechnology in the Oil and Gas IndustryTrevor SeidelLaura Young
43Presentation Review The presentation needed more graphics Some of the slides were just wordsThe oral presenters spoke clearly and were easy to understandSome of the slides were a little wordy and detracted from the oral presentationThe topic was well developed and interesting to the audience
44Presentation ReviewThe team presented the information well and understood the topic thoroughlyThe oral presentation was good; they spoke clearly and slowly—easy to understand
45John Baumhardt Daniel Arnold Michael Trevathan Michael Tran Group S6REVIEW of Nanotechnology in the Oil and Gas IndustryJohn BaumhardtDaniel ArnoldMichael TrevathanMichael Tran
46ReviewProfessional slide layout and, except for a couple graphics, the graphic text sizing was easy to read.The presentation was very professional and the interest/passion felt for the topic was evident throughout the presentation.The verbal presentation was quite good overall. There was some reading straight off of the slides, which was distracting.For some of the topics, we felt, while the nanotechnology research was interesting, the shortcomings of the current industrial methods were not explicitly established.
47Critique of Information We are afraid the actual drive for anti-corrosion technology was missed in the presentation.From a natural gas background, the anti-corrosion section doesn’t address the corrosion aspect of the natural gas industry. In the industry, corrosion refers to the degradation and destruction of pipelines internal walls.Whenever untreated natural gas (from a well) travels through a pipe line microbes accumulate throughout the pipeline, and some produce sulfur that corrodes the pipeline.Nanotechnology solutions are most likely focused on internal pipeline corrosion rather than low impact sea water, rust, and paint degradation.
48Critique (continued)We believe that our concerns with the presentation are due to the incorporation of too many subtopics.There were so many applications discussed that a clear/in-depth analysis couldn’t possibly have been performed for the background section of every topic.This topics were extremely interesting and the nanotechnology information seemed very well researched and established.