Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

LIQUIFIED PETROLEUM GAS PROPERTIES&CHARACTERISTICS.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "LIQUIFIED PETROLEUM GAS PROPERTIES&CHARACTERISTICS."— Presentation transcript:

1 LIQUIFIED PETROLEUM GAS PROPERTIES&CHARACTERISTICS

2 MIXTURE OF HYDROCARBONS MIXTURE OF HYDROCARBONS COMMERCIAL PROPANECOMMERCIAL PROPANE COMMERCIAL BUTANECOMMERCIAL BUTANE MARKETED IN INDIA AS PER MARKETED IN INDIA AS PER BIS 4576 : 1978BIS 4576 : 1978 TEST METHODS TEST METHODS STORAGE STORAGE PRESSURE VESSELPRESSURE VESSEL REFRIGERATED VESSELREFRIGERATED VESSEL

3 LIQUIFIED PETROLEUM GAS TYPICAL COMPOSITION TYPICAL COMPOSITION MAINLY C3 & C4MAINLY C3 & C4 MINOR TRACES OF C2 & C5MINOR TRACES OF C2 & C5 DEPENDS ON SOURCE DEPENDS ON SOURCE REFINERYREFINERY FRACTIONATORSFRACTIONATORS SR GRADE SR GRADE APPROX. NIL UNSATURATED HYDROCARBONSAPPROX. NIL UNSATURATED HYDROCARBONS NIL IMPURITIESNIL IMPURITIES

4 LIQUIFIED PETROLEUM GAS PROPERTIES & CHARACTERISTICS COLOUR COLOUR LIQUID PHASELIQUID PHASE VAPOUR PHASEVAPOUR PHASE ODOUR ODOUR FAINT SMELLFAINT SMELL STENCHINGSTENCHING DENSITY / SPECIFIC GRAVITY DENSITY / SPECIFIC GRAVITY VAPOUR PHASEVAPOUR PHASE TIMES HEAVY TIMES HEAVY SETTLES AT LOWER LEVELSSETTLES AT LOWER LEVELS

5 LIQUIFIED PETROLEUM GAS PROPERTIES & CHARACTERISTICS DENSITY / SP. GRAVITY DENSITY / SP. GRAVITY LIQUID PHASELIQUID PHASE TO 0.58 AT 15 DEGREE CENTIGRADE0.525 TO 0.58 AT 15 DEGREE CENTIGRADE VAPOUR PRESSURE VAPOUR PRESSURE TWO PHASE EQUILIBRIUMTWO PHASE EQUILIBRIUM KGF / SQ. CM. AT 65 DEG. CENT KGF / SQ. CM. AT 65 DEG. CENT. 120 PSI AT 100 DEGREE FOREN.120 PSI AT 100 DEGREE FOREN. VOLATILITY VOLATILITY RAPID EVAPORATION - 1: 250RAPID EVAPORATION - 1: 250

6 LIQUIFIED PETROLEUM GAS PROPERTIES & CHARACTERISTICS COEFFICIENT OF VOL. EXPANSION COEFFICIENT OF VOL. EXPANSION PER DEGREE CENTIGRADE RISE PER DEGREE CENTIGRADE RISE KGF / SQ.CM RISE IN PRESSURE PER DEG RISE IN TEMP KGF / SQ.CM RISE IN PRESSURE PER DEG RISE IN TEMP. FILLING RATIO / ULLAGEFILLING RATIO / ULLAGE FLAMMIBILITY FLAMMIBILITY LEL: 1.5 % ( ALL SAFETY EQUIPMENT LIKE GMS, EXPLOSIMETER ETC. )LEL: 1.5 % ( ALL SAFETY EQUIPMENT LIKE GMS, EXPLOSIMETER ETC. ) HEL : 9%HEL : 9%

7 LIQUIFIED PETROLEUM GAS PROPERTIES & CHARACTERISTICS COMBUSTION COMBUSTION INCREASES VOL. OF PRODUCT AS 50 TIMES AIR IS REQUIRED AND 3-4 TIMES OF OWN VOL. CO2 IS GENERATED APART FROM HEATINCREASES VOL. OF PRODUCT AS 50 TIMES AIR IS REQUIRED AND 3-4 TIMES OF OWN VOL. CO2 IS GENERATED APART FROM HEAT RESULTS IN ASPHYXIATION, REQUIRE VENTILATIONRESULTS IN ASPHYXIATION, REQUIRE VENTILATION C. V. : KCAL / KG.C. V. : KCAL / KG. FLAME TEMP WITH AIR DEG. CENT.FLAME TEMP WITH AIR DEG. CENT. WITH OXYGEN DEG. CENT. WITH OXYGEN DEG. CENT. IGNITION TEMP. IGNITION TEMP. AUTO IGNITION TEMP DEG. CENT.AUTO IGNITION TEMP DEG. CENT.

8 LIQUIFIED PETROLEUM GAS PROPERTIES & CHARACTERISTICS BOILING POINT BOILING POINT TEMP. AT WHICH VAP. PR. EQUALS ATM. PR.TEMP. AT WHICH VAP. PR. EQUALS ATM. PR. (-) 2 TO (-) 42 DEG. CENT. (-) 2 TO (-) 42 DEG. CENT. MELTING OR FREEZING POINT MELTING OR FREEZING POINT TEMP. AT WHICH SOLIDIFICATION OCCURSTEMP. AT WHICH SOLIDIFICATION OCCURS VERY LOW I.E. LESS THAN (-) 47 DEG. CENT.VERY LOW I.E. LESS THAN (-) 47 DEG. CENT. VISCOSITY VISCOSITY VERY LOW IN COMPARISON WITH OTHER PETRO. PRODUCTS CSVERY LOW IN COMPARISON WITH OTHER PETRO. PRODUCTS CS REQUIRES HIGH ITEGRITY OF STORAGE & HANDLING SYSTEMREQUIRES HIGH ITEGRITY OF STORAGE & HANDLING SYSTEM

9 LIQUIFIED PETROLEUM GAS PROPERTIES & CHARACTERISTICS SOLUBILITY SOLUBILITY LESS SOLUBILITY IN WATERLESS SOLUBILITY IN WATER SOLUBLE IN ORGANIC SOLVENTS & ALCOHALSOLUBLE IN ORGANIC SOLVENTS & ALCOHAL TOXICITY TOXICITY HIGH RELEASES DISPLACES OXYGENHIGH RELEASES DISPLACES OXYGEN RESULTS IN SUFFOCATIONRESULTS IN SUFFOCATION ACTS AS ANAESTHETICACTS AS ANAESTHETIC CAUSTIC RESIDUE CAUSTIC RESIDUE USED FOR TREATING HYDROGEN SULPHIDEUSED FOR TREATING HYDROGEN SULPHIDE IF REMAINS RESULTS IN CORROSIONIF REMAINS RESULTS IN CORROSION CAUSTIC PRESENCE SHOULD BE ELIMINATEDCAUSTIC PRESENCE SHOULD BE ELIMINATED

10 LIQUIFIED PETROLEUM GAS PROPERTIES & CHARACTERISTICS EFFECT OF WATER EFFECT OF WATER CORROSIONCORROSION PARTIAL CLOSING OF VALVESPARTIAL CLOSING OF VALVES EFFECT OF AIR EFFECT OF AIR POSSIBILITY OF FORMING EXPLOSIVE MIXTUREPOSSIBILITY OF FORMING EXPLOSIVE MIXTURE AUTO IGNITIONAUTO IGNITION PRECAUTIONS TO BE TAKEN DURING COMMISSIONINGPRECAUTIONS TO BE TAKEN DURING COMMISSIONING RETARDS FILLINGRETARDS FILLING

11 LIQUIFIED PETROLEUM GAS PROPERTIES & CHARACTERISTICS HEALTH HAZARD HEALTH HAZARD NON TOXICNON TOXIC ASPHYXIATION DUE TO LACK OF OXYGENASPHYXIATION DUE TO LACK OF OXYGEN NARCOTIC EFFECT IF INHALED IN LARGE QTYNARCOTIC EFFECT IF INHALED IN LARGE QTY FIRE HAZARD FIRE HAZARD PRODUCT DISCHARGEPRODUCT DISCHARGE STATIC ELECTRICITYSTATIC ELECTRICITY PYROPHORIC IRONPYROPHORIC IRON BLEVEBLEVE UNCONFINED VAPOUR CLOUD EXPLOSIONUNCONFINED VAPOUR CLOUD EXPLOSION

12 INDUSTRIAL LPG APPLICATIONS AGRICULTURE: GRAIN DRYING, WEED KILLING, TEA/COFFEE/TOBACCO CURING AGRICULTURE: GRAIN DRYING, WEED KILLING, TEA/COFFEE/TOBACCO CURING AUTOMOBILIES: HEAT TREATMENT & PAINT BAKING AUTOMOBILIES: HEAT TREATMENT & PAINT BAKING CERAMIC : CALCINATION, GLOST FIRING, OF SSTONEWARE & PORCELAIN CERAMIC : CALCINATION, GLOST FIRING, OF SSTONEWARE & PORCELAIN CHEMICALS / DRUGS: HEATING, DRYING, FEED STOCK IN PETROCHEMICAL INDUSTRY CHEMICALS / DRUGS: HEATING, DRYING, FEED STOCK IN PETROCHEMICAL INDUSTRY ELECTRICAL : BULBS / TUBELIGHTS, FILAMENT ANNEALING ELECTRICAL : BULBS / TUBELIGHTS, FILAMENT ANNEALING

13 INDUSTRIAL LPG APPLICATIONS ENGINEERING: METAL MELTING, FORGING, ANNEALING, STRESS RELIEVING, PAINT BAKING, HEAT TREATMENT ENGINEERING: METAL MELTING, FORGING, ANNEALING, STRESS RELIEVING, PAINT BAKING, HEAT TREATMENT FOOD : BAKING, BOILING, FRYING, DRYING FOOD : BAKING, BOILING, FRYING, DRYING GLASS : MELTING, HOLDING, BLOWING, POLISHING, STRESS RELIEVING GLASS : MELTING, HOLDING, BLOWING, POLISHING, STRESS RELIEVING METALLURGICAL : ANNEALING, BILLET HEATING, MELING, DESCALING, STRESS RELIEVING, MOULD / CUPOLA/ LADLE PRE- HEATING METALLURGICAL : ANNEALING, BILLET HEATING, MELING, DESCALING, STRESS RELIEVING, MOULD / CUPOLA/ LADLE PRE- HEATING

14 INDUSTRIAL LPG APPLICATIONS METAL WORKING : CUTTING, HOLD PIERCING, WELDING METAL WORKING : CUTTING, HOLD PIERCING, WELDING PACKAGING : SOLDERING PACKAGING : SOLDERING TEXTILE : DRYING, SINGING, CALENDERING, STENTERING, PRINT DRYING, DYEING, VELVET PROCESSING TEXTILE : DRYING, SINGING, CALENDERING, STENTERING, PRINT DRYING, DYEING, VELVET PROCESSING MISC. AEROCOL - AS PROPELLANT, BITUMENT MELTING, OIL CLEANING MISC. AEROCOL - AS PROPELLANT, BITUMENT MELTING, OIL CLEANING

15 LPG INSTALLATION PLANNING STEP I : DECIDE WHETHER LPG IS RIGHT FUEL STEP I : DECIDE WHETHER LPG IS RIGHT FUEL FACTOR : ECONOMICS AVAILABILITY APPLICATION SUITABLITY STEP II : DECIDE WHETHER PACKED OR BULK STEP II : DECIDE WHETHER PACKED OR BULK FACTOR :CONSUMPTION AVAILABILITY ECONOMICS APPLICATION SUITABILITY

16 LPG INSTALLATION PLANNING STEP III : SIZE OF INSTALLATION STEP III : SIZE OF INSTALLATION FACTORS:PEAK HOURLY RATE OF CONSUMPTION DAILY / MONTHLY CONSUMPTION DISTANCE FROM SUPPY POINT CYLINDER ROOM / BULK STORAGE

17 LPG INSTALLATION PLANNING STEP IV : PIPE LINE SIZE / ROUTE STEP IV : PIPE LINE SIZE / ROUTE FACTORS :FLOW RATE PRESSURE DROPS BRANCHES / POINTS OF CONSUMPTION EASE OF REPAIRS / TROUBLE SHOOTING

18 LPG INSTALLATION PLANNING STEP V : CHOOSING PRESSURE REGULATORS STEP V : CHOOSING PRESSURE REGULATORS FACTORS:PRESSURE NEEDED FOR BURNERS RATE OF CONSUMPTION DISTANCE FROM INSTALLATION TO CONSUMING POINT

19


Download ppt "LIQUIFIED PETROLEUM GAS PROPERTIES&CHARACTERISTICS."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google