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GMAW Fundamentals Gas Metal Arc Welding Metal Inert Gas By: Wanda Sue Benton ESAB University & Florence-Darlington Technical College.

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Presentation on theme: "GMAW Fundamentals Gas Metal Arc Welding Metal Inert Gas By: Wanda Sue Benton ESAB University & Florence-Darlington Technical College."— Presentation transcript:

1 GMAW Fundamentals Gas Metal Arc Welding Metal Inert Gas By: Wanda Sue Benton ESAB University & Florence-Darlington Technical College

2 Introduction GMAW is defined as arc welding using a continuously fed consumable electrode and a shielding gas. GMAW is also known as MIG (Metal Inert Gas). Produces high-quality welds Yields high productivity

3 Advantages Large gaps filled or bridged easily Welding can be done in all positions No slag removal required High welding speeds High weld quality Less distortion of work piece

4 Types of Metal Transfer The basic GMAW process includes three distinctive process techniques: 1. Short Circuit (Short Arc) 2. Globular Transfer 3. Spray Arc Transfer

5 Short Circuit (Short Arc) Operates at low voltages and welding current Small fast-freezing weld puddle obtained Useful in joining thin materials in any position, as well as thick materials in vertical and overhead positions Metal transfer occurs when an electrical short circuit is established

6 Globular Transfer Welding current and wire speed are increased above maximum for short arc Droplets of metal have a greater diameter than the wire being used Spatter present Welding is most effectively done in the flat position when using globular transfer

7 Spray Arc Transfer Occurs when the current and voltage settings are increased higher than that used for Globular Transfer Used on thick sections of base material, best suited for flat position due to large weld puddle Spatter is minimal to none

8 Manual GMAW Equipment Three major elements are : 1.) Welding torch and accessories 2.) Welding control & Wire feed motor 3.) Power Source GMAW equipment can be used either manually or automatically

9 WIRE CONTROL & WIRE FEED MOTOR POWER SOURCE

10 Welding Torch & Accessories The welding torch guides the wire and shielding gas to the weld zone. Brings welding power to the wire also Major components/parts of the torch are the contact tip, shielding gas nozzle, gas diffuser, and the wire conduit

11 TRIGGER INSTALLED COMPONENTS NOZZLE CONTACT TIP GAS DIFFUSER

12 Welding Control & Wire Feed Motor Welding control & Wire feed motor are combined into one unit Main function is to pull the wire from the spool and feed it to the arc Controls wire feed speed and regulates the starting and stopping of wire feed Wire feed speed controls Amperage

13 WIRE FEEDER

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15 Power Source Almost all GMAW is done with reverse polarity also known as DCEP Positive (+) lead is connected to the torch Negative (-) lead is connected to the work piece Provides a relatively consistent voltage to the arc Arc Voltage is the voltage between the end of the wire and the work piece

16 POSITIVE TERMINAL NEGATIVE TERMINAL

17 Shielding Gases Purpose of shielding gas is the protect the weld area from the contaminants in the atmosphere Gas can be Inert, Reactive, or Mixtures of both Gas flow rate is between CFH Argon, Helium, and Carbon Dioxide are the main three gases used in GMAW

18 FLOW METER CYLCINDER PRESSURE GAUGE CFH PRESSURE ADJUSTMENT KNOB


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