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KIDZTOWN ADULT TRAINING Unit: Daniel & Obadiah – March 2014.

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1 KIDZTOWN ADULT TRAINING Unit: Daniel & Obadiah – March 2014

2 Unit: Daniel & Obadiah Week 1 – Daniel and His Friends Obeyed God (Daniel 1) Week 2 – Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego (Daniel 3) Week 3 – God Gave Daniel Wisdom (Daniel 5) Week 4 – Daniel Was Rescued from the Lions (Daniel 6) Week 5 – Obadiah the Prophet (Obadiah 1-9) 2

3 Lesson1: March 2, 2014

4 Background 4 I. Purpose – to demonstrate Gods power, not His defeat, in Judahs captivity II. Authorship – Daniel (little known of his history) A. Estimated birth BC B. Nobility (1:3) C. Taken hostage to Babylon in 605 BC (1:1) D. Court career in Babylon lasted nearly 70 years (1:21) E. Predicted the fall of Babylon (5:26-31) F. Contemporary of Ezekiel (Ezek 14:14, 20; 28:3) G. Jesus accepted Daniel as author (Matt 24:15; Mark 13:14) Lesson 1

5 Background 5 III. Date – covers the period 605 – 535 BC; revised & completed 532 – 530 BC IV. Language – Hebrew 1, 8-12; Aramaic 2-7 V. Canonicity – disputed by critics because of Daniels accuracy concerning events after his death. They give it a date after 200 BC. Lesson 1

6 Background 6 The theme running through the whole book is that the fortunes of kings and the affairs of men are subject to Gods decrees, and that he is able to accomplish his will despite the most determined opposition of the mightiest potentates on earth. Gleason L. Archer Jr., Daniel, in The Expositors Bible Commentary: Daniel and the Minor Prophets (ed. Frank E. Gaebelein; vol. 7; Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan Publishing House, 1986), 78. Lesson 1

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8 Chronology of Daniels Writing 8 I. The Reign of Nebuchadnezzar (605–562 b.c.). A. Chapter 1: Daniel raised to power (604 b.c.). B. Chapter 2: The image dream (602 b.c.). C. Chapter 3: The fiery furnace episode (600 b.c.?). D. Chapter 4: The tree dream (570 b.c.?). II. The Reign of Nabonidus/Belshazzar (556–539 b.c.). A. Chapter 7: Vision of four beasts (c. 556 b.c.). B. Chapter 8: Vision of the ram and goat (c. 554 b.c.). C. Chapter 5: Handwriting on the wall (539 b.c.). III. The Reign of Cyrus/Darius (539–530 b.c.). A. Chapter 9: Vision of seventy heptads (538 b.c.). B. Chapter 6: The lions den (537 b.c.). C. Chapters 10–12: The final vision (536 b.c.). James E. Smith, The Major Prophets (Old Testament Survey Series; Joplin, MO: College Press, 1992), Da. Lesson 1

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10 To Babylon, to Babylon, jiggety-jig 10 I. Circumstances of Daniels deportation (1:1-2) II. Nebuchadnezzars design for his hostages – (1:3-5) III. Jewish personalities of the book – (1:6-7) Daniel – Belteshazzar Hananiah – Shadrach Mishael – Meshach Azariah – Abed-nego or Abednego Lesson 1

11 11 BRAINWASHING THROUGH NAME CHANGE HEBREW NAMEMEANINGBABYLONIAN NAMEMEANING HANANIAHThe Lord is GraciousSHADRACHCommand of Aku MISHAELWho is What God is?MESHACHWho is what Aku is? AZARIAH The Lord has helped ABED-NEGO Servant of Nebo DANIEL God is my Judge BELTESHAZZAR May Balak protect James E. Smith, The Major Prophets (Old Testament Survey Series; Joplin, MO: College Press, 1992), Da 1:3–7. Lesson 1

12 Obedience Before Selfish Desire 12 I. What was at stake for the four youths Lesson 1

13 Obedience Before Selfish Desire 13 I. What was at stake for the four youths II. Daniels problem defined – defilement (1:8) III. Daniels problem in context – others might suffer for his principled stand (1:9-10) IV. Daniels compromise in view of the context – test us (1:11-13) Lesson 1

14 Obedience Before Selfish Desire 14 V. Daniels test results – God intervened (1:14-17) VI. Interview with the king – Gods in control (1:18-20) Lesson 1

15 Practical Application 15 I. God is always in control. II. Knowledge of I. above frees believers to act out their faith in full confidence. III. Sadly, those who step out in faith will often find themselves unsupported even by other believers. Lesson 1

16 Lesson 2: March 9, 2014

17 God Delivers His Faithful 17 I. Nebuchadnezzars pride (3:1-7) A. Less than five years since Daniels rise to prominence B. Construction of a gold covered statue to be worshipped C. State enforced religion – penalty of death II. Daniels companions refuse (3:8-18) A. Ratted out by certain Chaldeans (3:8-12) B. The kings response of rage and anger (3:13-15) C. The companions response, Go for it! (3:16-18) Lesson 2

18 God Delivers His Faithful 18 III. Executed for their faith (3:19-23) IV. Divine deliverance (3:24-27) V. Nebuchadnezzars acknowledgement of the God of the Jews (3:28-30) Lesson 2

19 Truths for Today 19 I. Conditions in our country have not yet reached the critical stage that calls for Gods people to suffer physical abuse. There are many social pressures put upon Christians who hold firm to their convictions.... There are certain indications on the horizon that it could happeneven here. Gods people must always be ready to stand firm in their witness regardless of the cost. II. Whatever happens to Gods people, he will be with them. It is this consciousness that gives strength for the meeting of crises. When wicked people see Christians holding firm and possessing inner strength they will honor God and Gods servant. It is not easy to maintain ones integrity in the face of opposition but this is the very essence of the Christian faith. Fred M. Wood, Daniel, in The Teachers Bible Commentary (ed. H. Franklin Paschall and Herschel H. Hobbs; Nashville: Broadman and Holman Publishers, 1972), 527. Lesson 2

20 Lesson 3: March 16, 2014

21 Chronology of Daniels Writing 21 I. The Reign of Nebuchadnezzar (605–562 b.c.). A. Chapter 1: Daniel raised to power (604 b.c.). B. Chapter 2: The image dream (602 b.c.). C. Chapter 3: The fiery furnace episode (600 b.c.?). D. Chapter 4: The tree dream (570 b.c.?). II. The Reign of Nabonidus/Belshazzar (556–539 b.c.). A. Chapter 7: Vision of four beasts (c. 556 b.c.). B. Chapter 8: Vision of the ram and goat (c. 554 b.c.). C. Chapter 5: Handwriting on the wall (539 b.c.). III. The Reign of Cyrus/Darius (539–530 b.c.). A. Chapter 9: Vision of seventy heptads (538 b.c.). B. Chapter 6: The lions den (537 b.c.). C. Chapters 10–12: The final vision (536 b.c.). James E. Smith, The Major Prophets (Old Testament Survey Series; Joplin, MO: College Press, 1992), Da. Lesson 1

22 Getting to Chapter 5 22 I. Chapter 4 – the vision, humbling and restoration of Nebuchadnezzar II. Chapter 7 – Daniels vision of the four beasts III. Chapter 8 – Daniels prophecy of the defeat of the Persians by the Greeks, and the desecration of the Temple Lesson 3

23 The Problem - Desecration 23 I. Belshazzar A. King or crown prince and co-regent? (5:1) B. Hosted a great feast while the city was under siege (5:2) C. The gold and silver vessels... out of the temple which was in Jerusalem (5:2-3) D. Belshazzar toasted pagan deities with the vessels reserved for worshiping God. (5:4) Lesson 3

24 The Problem - Desecration 24 II. Fingers of a mans hand appear and begin writing on a wall which the king observed. (5:5) III. The king lost all composure from fear. (5:6) IV. Since the message was unintelligible, the king called his wise men offering a third of the kingdom for the translation which no one could do. (5:7-9) Lesson 3

25 The Resolution – Daniels Interpretation 25 I. Daniel remembered (5:10-12) II. Daniel questioned (5:13-16) Lesson 3

26 The Resolution – Daniels Interpretation 26 I. Daniel remembered (5:10-12) II. Daniel questioned (5:13-16) III. Daniels rebuff of the king (5:17-24) A. Keep your stinkin gifts! (17) B. Relevant history lesson (18-21) C. Those who ignore history are doomed to repeat it (22-24) IV. Daniels interpretation (5:25-28) V. Gods judgment on Belshazzar (5:29-31) Lesson 3

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28 Truth for Today 28 I. The kings guilty conscience because of aggravated rebellion reflects the stupidity of the depraved human heart. The profaning of holy things finds its parallel in our modern worlds attempt to destroy all distinctions between the sacred and the secular. II. The destiny of nations is still in the hands of a sovereign God. Sin shortens the existence of both governments and individuals. Unless we heed the lessons of history a calamity can come upon us as suddenly and even more devastatingly than came to the God-defying Belshazzar and his drunken associates who were weighed in the balances and found wanting. Fred M. Wood, Daniel, in The Teachers Bible Commentary (ed. H. Franklin Paschall and Herschel H. Hobbs; Nashville: Broadman and Holman Publishers, 1972), Lesson 3

29 Lesson 4: March 23, 2014

30 Chronology of Daniels Writing 30 I. The Reign of Nebuchadnezzar (605–562 b.c.). A. Chapter 1: Daniel raised to power (604 b.c.). B. Chapter 2: The image dream (602 b.c.). C. Chapter 3: The fiery furnace episode (600 b.c.?). D. Chapter 4: The tree dream (570 b.c.?). II. The Reign of Nabonidus/Belshazzar (556–539 b.c.). A. Chapter 7: Vision of four beasts (c. 556 b.c.). B. Chapter 8: Vision of the ram and goat (c. 554 b.c.). C. Chapter 5: Handwriting on the wall (539 b.c.). III. The Reign of Cyrus/Darius (539–530 b.c.). A. Chapter 9: Vision of seventy heptads (538 b.c.). B. Chapter 6: The lions den (537 b.c.). C. Chapters 10–12: The final vision (536 b.c.). James E. Smith, The Major Prophets (Old Testament Survey Series; Joplin, MO: College Press, 1992), Da. Lesson 1

31 Getting From Chapter 5 to 6 31 As we see from the constructed timeline, chronologically chapter nine comes between chapters five and six. In chapter nine Daniel realizes the seventy years of exile prophesied by Jeremiah are upon the people. (Jer 25:11-12; 29:10) Daniel makes confession for himself and the people and prays for God to bring about His promised restoration. (Dan 9:19) While he was praying, Gabriel came and instructed him about the seventy weeks. Lesson 4

32 Daniels Revived Prominence 32 Given Daniels prediction of Darius conquest, his stellar past role in Babylonian government and his proving his superiority in the short time Darius knew him, Darius planned (6:3) to make him the equivalent of prime minister over the entire kingdom. Dont forget, Daniels about 82 years old at this time. (6:1-3) Lesson 4

33 Daniels Enemies 33 More than likely Daniels ethnicity and history as a conquered foreigner played a major part in his enemies hatred of him. Being 82 years of age may have made their hatred even worse. They tried to prove he wasnt capable of being prime minister as to his job duties but failed. Therefore, they realized theyd have to turn Daniels strengths against himself. They tricked Darius into signing an irrevocable decree prohibiting, on pain of death, the worshiping of any god or man besides you for thirty days. (6:4-9) Lesson 4

34 Daniels Response to Treachery 34 Even upon pain of death Daniel faithfully worships his God. The trap had been sprung. A group of the conspirators spied to see Daniel praying and immediately reported it to the king. Notice they couldnt help but mention that Daniel was one of the exiles from Judah. Darius tried his best to exonerate Daniel but couldnt do so legally. The conspirators showed up a second time to remind Darius what he must do. (6:10-15) Lesson 4

35 Daniel in the Lions Den 35 I. Like Daniel, Darius is a man of his word and respects authority. (6:16-17) II. Darius recognizes truth when he experiences it. (6:16) III. Like Daniel, Darius honors his relationships. (6:18-20) IV. Daniels testimony (6:21-22) V. Darius response (6:23-28) Lesson 4

36 Truth for Today 36 I. Men of strong conviction attract the attention of their superiors but also arouse the jealousy of their peers. There is a natural antagonism between good and evil comparable to the eternal struggle between light and darkness. II. The believer is always safe in Gods hands. The path of duty is also the path of safety. A man who is in the will of God is immortal until his work is completed. The contrast between the misery of the king in his palace and the peace of Daniel while in the lions den represents the difference between one who has no internal resources and one whose mind is fixed on God. III. The vindication of Daniel brings encouragement to us who find ourselves under pressure because of our attempt to hold high standards in contemporary life. Although we realize God does not work miracles lavishly, we still can be confident that he knows of our situation and will intervene at the proper time for our deliverance and honor us as we have sought to honor him. God may not come as quickly to our rescue as we feel he should, but faith continually whispers in times of discouragement that help is near and God will not tarry long. Fred M. Wood, Daniel, in The Teachers Bible Commentary (ed. H. Franklin Paschall and Herschel H. Hobbs; Nashville: Broadman and Holman Publishers, 1972), Lesson 4

37 Lesson 5: March 30, 2014

38 Background 38 I. History of Edom – descendants of Esau (Gen 25:30; 32:3; 36:1, 8-9) Lesson 5

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40 Background 40 I. History of Edom – descendants of Esau (Gen 25:30; 32:3; 36:1, 8-9) Lesson 5

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42 Background 42 I. History of Edom – descendants of Esau (Gen 25:30; 32:3; 36:1, 8-9) Lesson 5

43 Background 43 I. History of Edom – descendants of Esau (Gen 25:30; 32:3; 36:1, 8-9) II. Author – nothing known about him III. Date – cannot say for certain IV. Occasion – Jerusalem overrun & Edom involved Lesson 1

44 Outline 44 I. The Message From the Lord (v.1) II. The Abasement of Edom (vv.2–9) A. Edoms Character (vv.2–4) 1. Edoms future smallness (v.2) 2. Edoms present pride (vv.3–4) B. Edoms Calamity (vv.5–9) 1. Edoms ransacking (vv.5–6) 2. Edoms entrapment (v.7) 3. Gods initiative (vv.8–9) III. The Charge Against Edom (vv.10–14) A. The Reason for the Charge (v.10) B. The Explanation of the Charge (vv.11–14) 1. The charge defined (v.11) 2. The charge repeated and amplified (vv.12–14) IV. The Day of the Lord (vv.15–21) A. The Judgment of Esau (vv.15–18) B. The Occupation of Edom (vv.19–21) Carl E. Armerding, Obadiah, in The Expositors Bible Commentary: Daniel and the Minor Prophets (ed. Frank E. Gaebelein; vol. 7; Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan Publishing House, 1986), 340. Lesson 5

45 Truth for Today 45 Because God reigns (the kingdom shall be the Lords, v. 21) eventual justice is inevitable: as thou hast done it shall be done unto thee (v. 15). Donald F. Ackland, Obadiah, in The Teachers Bible Commentary (ed. H. Franklin Paschall and Herschel H. Hobbs; Nashville: Broadman and Holman Publishers, 1972), 555. Lesson 5


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