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CHAPTER SEVENTEEN The Transformation of the West: 1450-1750 World Civilizations, The Global Experience AP* Edition, 5th Edition Stearns/Adas/Schwartz/Gilbert.

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Presentation on theme: "CHAPTER SEVENTEEN The Transformation of the West: 1450-1750 World Civilizations, The Global Experience AP* Edition, 5th Edition Stearns/Adas/Schwartz/Gilbert."— Presentation transcript:

1 CHAPTER SEVENTEEN The Transformation of the West: World Civilizations, The Global Experience AP* Edition, 5th Edition Stearns/Adas/Schwartz/Gilbert Copyright 2007, Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Longman *AP and Advanced Placement are registered trademarks of The College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of, and does not endorse, this product.

2 Chapter 17: The Transformation of the West: Stearns et al., World Civilizations, The Global Experience, AP* Edition, 5th Edition Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Longman, Copyright 2007 I. The First Big Changes: Culture and Commerce II. Science and Politics: The Next Phase of Change III. The West by 1750

3 Chapter 17: The Transformation of the West: Stearns et al., World Civilizations, The Global Experience, AP* Edition, 5th Edition Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Longman, Copyright 2007 I. The First Big Changes: Culture and Commerce A. A New Spirit Francesco Petrarch ( ) Secular writing B. The Italian Renaissance Begins 14th, 15th centuries In northern Italy Italy Urbanized Merchant class Political rivalry Petrarch, Boccaccio Use Italian Secular topics Painting Use of perspective Shadow, distance Focus on humans Western Europe in the Renaissance and Reformation

4 Chapter 17: The Transformation of the West: Stearns et al., World Civilizations, The Global Experience, AP* Edition, 5th Edition Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Longman, Copyright 2007 I. The First Big Changes: Culture and Commerce B. The Italian Renaissance Michelango Buonarotti Leonardo da Vinci Nicolo Machiavelli Humanism Looking back to classical past Study of texts, especially ancient C. The Renaissance Moves Northward By 1500, impetus moves north Northern Renaissance France, Low Countries, England, Germany Thence to eastern Europe More concerned with religious matters William Shakespeare Miguel de Cervantes

5 Chapter 17: The Transformation of the West: Stearns et al., World Civilizations, The Global Experience, AP* Edition, 5th Edition Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Longman, Copyright 2007 I. The First Big Changes: Culture and Commerce D. Changes in Technology and Family Technology printing Family later marriage age common nuclear family common

6 Chapter 17: The Transformation of the West: Stearns et al., World Civilizations, The Global Experience, AP* Edition, 5th Edition Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Longman, Copyright 2007 I. The First Big Changes: Culture and Commerce E. The Protestant and Catholic Reformations 1517, Martin Luther's challenge Attacks church institutions Bible the only authority Vernacular translations Protestant protest used for political gain German opposition to the papacy Rulers seize church lands Henry VIII Establishes Anglican church Jean Calvin Calvinism Predestination Catholic Reformation Renewal Jesuits Missionaries Education

7 Chapter 17: The Transformation of the West: Stearns et al., World Civilizations, The Global Experience, AP* Edition, 5th Edition Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Longman, Copyright 2007 I. The First Big Changes: Culture and Commerce F. The End of Christian Unity in the West Religious Wars France Calvinists v. Catholics 1598, Edict of Nantes Promises Protestants toleration 30 Years War ( ) Devastating to Germany Netherlands independent Literacy increases G. The Commercial Revolution Inflation, 16th century Gold, silver from New World Demand outstrips supply H. Social Protest Proletariat develops Attitudes towards poor change Protests Witchcraft hysteria Western Europe in the Renaissance and Reformation

8 Chapter 17: The Transformation of the West: Stearns et al., World Civilizations, The Global Experience, AP* Edition, 5th Edition Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Longman, Copyright 2007 II. Science and Politics: The Next Phase of Change A. Did Copernicus Copy? Nicolai Copernicus Polish monk Knowledge of work of al-Urdi, al-Tusi? Earlier Arab scientists

9 Chapter 17: The Transformation of the West: Stearns et al., World Civilizations, The Global Experience, AP* Edition, 5th Edition Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Longman, Copyright 2007 II. Science and Politics: The Next Phase of Change B. Science: The New Authority New instruments add to data collection Galileo Galilei Uses Copernicus' work Keplers observations confirm earlier work William Harvey Circulatory system Methods Francis Bacon Empirical research René Descartes Skepticism Isaac Newton System of natural laws Deism God does not intervene with nature John Locke Use of reason

10 Chapter 17: The Transformation of the West: Stearns et al., World Civilizations, The Global Experience, AP* Edition, 5th Edition Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Longman, Copyright 2007 II. Science and Politics: The Next Phase of Change C. Absolute and Parliamentary Monarchies 17th century, medieval balance disrupted France dominates Centralized monarchy Bureaucracy Absolute monarchy" Louis XIV the best example Nobles kept at court Other absolute monarchs Spain, Prussia, Austria-Hungary Territorial expansion England Difference Civil War Parliament triumphant Western Europe under Absolute Monarchies

11 Chapter 17: The Transformation of the West: Stearns et al., World Civilizations, The Global Experience, AP* Edition, 5th Edition Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Longman, Copyright 2007 II. Science and Politics: The Next Phase of Change D. The Nation-State Definition Common language, culture National literature, songs, foods Territorial aspect Common allegiance

12 Chapter 17: The Transformation of the West: Stearns et al., World Civilizations, The Global Experience, AP* Edition, 5th Edition Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Longman, Copyright 2007 III. The West by 1750 A. Political Patterns Great change in central Europe Frederick the Great of Prussia Religious freedom State regulates economy Overseas commercial networks Continual warfare France v. Britain Rivalry over overseas territory Prussia v. Austria Territorial conflicts

13 Chapter 17: The Transformation of the West: Stearns et al., World Civilizations, The Global Experience, AP* Edition, 5th Edition Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Longman, Copyright 2007 III. The West by 1750 B. Enlightenment Thought and Popular Culture Scientific Revolution leads to Enlightenment Scientific methods applied to other fields General principles People are good Reason the answer Belief in progress Political science Adam Smith Laissez-faire Criminology Society Women's rights Protection of children Attack inequities

14 Chapter 17: The Transformation of the West: Stearns et al., World Civilizations, The Global Experience, AP* Edition, 5th Edition Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Longman, Copyright 2007 III. The West by 1750 C. Ongoing Change in Commerce and Manufacturing Mass consumerism Agriculture Nitrogen-fixing crops Stockbreeding Swamp drainage Potatoes, etc. introduced Domestic system Households produce finished goods D. Innovation and Instability Change becomes the norm


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