Presentation on theme: "As a class Read NC Textbook Pages 76 -77 The Carolina Colony After you read, copy the notes in this Power Point, (mostly white) on notebook paper."— Presentation transcript:
As a class Read NC Textbook Pages The Carolina Colony After you read, copy the notes in this Power Point, (mostly white) on notebook paper.
Morgan J. Burris Social Studies Teacher Lexington City Schools
Most early settlers came from Virginia To Albemarle Sound area – Tobacco farmers.
Second Group from Barbados (Caribbean) Settled along Cape Fear River – Sugar Plantations, eventually failed.
Moved south to mouth of Ashley River Established city of Charles Town (after King) Finally settled on cash crop – Rice (called Carolina Gold) because it grew so well.
Thousands of African slaves were brought in to work rice plantations. Many more than in NC.
Became Major shipping port Deep water harbor that northern coastline lacked. Wealthiest Carolina city
Albemarle Sound Area Tobacco Vast Pine Forest – timber Cows and Pigs Sold timber and food to Caribbean Plantations. Copy!Copy!
Albemarle Sound Area
Most colonists lived near coast or along major rivers.
Floated goods and crops to coast due to poor roads (too many trees!).
What part of the Carolinas did most people settle? A.Mountains B.Piedmont C.Coastal Plain
From what colony did farmers move South from to colonize Carolina? A.Maryland B.Virginia C.New York D.Georgia
Why did most people move their goods by water? A. Poor roads B. Heavy cargo C. Too many trees in way D. All of these
Hogsheads of Tobacco Forsyth County, NC
A barrel called a hogshead was used to ship tobacco to England. A hogshead was one type of container made by a cooper. By law, it was 48" tall and 30" across the head (either end.) It held 1, ,500 pounds of tobacco. Numbers burned into the side of the barrel indicated the weight of the barrel alone (tare weight), the weight of both the barrel and the tobacco (gross weight), and the weight of the tobacco only (net weight.) A craftsman who made barrels was called a Cooper. Dont need to copy
Naval Stores – Huge coastal industry Timber for building ships Tar and Pitch for water sealing Best customer was British Navy!
Even though NC had shallow harbors, our naval stores were a huge industry supplying the British Navy during 1700s (who had the worlds largest navy at that time = $$$$$ for NC) Dont need to copy
In its early years as a colony, North Carolina settlements became an important source of the naval stores, tar, pitch, and turpentine, especially for the British navy. Tar and pitch were largely used to paint the bottom of wooden British ships both to seal the ship and to prevent shipworms from damaging the hull.  At one time, an estimated 100,000 barrels (16,000 m 3 ) of tar and pitch were shipped annually to England.  After 1824, North Carolina became the leader in the United States for naval stores.  By the Civil War, North Carolina had more than 1600 turpentine distilleries, and two thirds of all turpentine in the United States came from North Carolina and one-half from the counties of Bladen and New Hanover.  Historians Hugh Lefler and Albert Newsome claim in North Carolina: the History of a Southern State (3rd edition, 1973) that North Carolina led the world in production of naval stores from about 1720 to   Dont need to copy
Name three major cash crops raised in the Carolinas. What were these crops packaged in to be shipped? What part of the world were most of those crops sold to?