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CNS Stimulants Kendell Hodgden. Define CNS Stimulants Medicines that speed up mental and physical processes Also known as uppers These drugs increase.

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Presentation on theme: "CNS Stimulants Kendell Hodgden. Define CNS Stimulants Medicines that speed up mental and physical processes Also known as uppers These drugs increase."— Presentation transcript:

1 CNS Stimulants Kendell Hodgden

2 Define CNS Stimulants Medicines that speed up mental and physical processes Also known as uppers These drugs increase dopamine levels in the brain Dopamine, one of the most important neurotransmitters, is related to concentration, attention, and feelings of reward and pleasure. Some stimulant drugs also increase the level of glutamate, a neurotransmitter associated with behavioral control and inhibition. People with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) often have low levels of glutamate.(goodtherapy.org)

3 list of the names of prescription, OTC, common and illicit CNS Stimulants. OTC Ephedrine, Pseudoephedrine, Phenylpropanolamine Prescription Adderall, Ritalin, Dexedrine Illicit Cocaine, Amphetamines, Methamphetamines, Phencyclidine, MDMA Common: Nicotine, Caffeine

4 list of street names for various CNS Stimulants. Cocaine, Amphetamine, Methamphetamine, Methylphenidate, Phenmetrizine Street Names: Bams, Black Beauties, Blackbirds, Cross Tops, Cross Roads, Crosses, Eye Opener, Jolly Beans, Lid Poppers, Poppers, Speed, Thrusters, Uppers, Uppies, Whites, Bernies, Big, Bloke, Big "C," Billie Hoke, Blow, Burese, "C," Charley, Cholly, Cocoa Puffs, Coke, Cola, Corine, Flake, Girl, Gold Dust, Happy Dust, Heaven Dust, Her, Ice, Jam Cecil, Mosquitoes, Nose Candy, Peruvian Marching Powder, Powdered Diamond, School Boy, Snow, Snow Caine, Snow Flake, Stardust, White Mosquitoes, Wire, Bombitas, Businessman's Trip, Crank, Crystal, Meth, Methedrine, Splash, Dexies, Pep Pills, Bennies

5 therapeutic uses of prescription Stimulants Treatment of narcolepsy adult attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) both of which are associated with psychomotor deficits related to sleepiness or hyperactivity CNS stimulants may also be used as adjuncts to antidepressants.

6 neurological (brain) effects of Stimulant abuse. The drugs' mechanism of action appears to involve enhanced activity of two neurotransmitters in the brain, norepinephrine and dopamine. controlling wakefulness and motor activities. Good for ADHD and narcolepsy Reduce hyperactivity Increase attention span

7 physiological effects from Stimulant abuse Positive Effects physical energy mental aptitude Talkativeness Restlessness Excitement good humour Confident efficient Ambitious food intake is reduced Negative Effects Anxiety slowness in reasoning irresponsible behavior Irritability dry mouth Tremors insomnia depression.

8 withdrawal effects from Stimulant abuse. Fatigue Mental depression Weird eating habits

9 health risks of the abuse of Stimulants. Paranoia Aggressiveness Anorexia thinking problems visual and auditory hallucinations/delusions dental problems Methamphetamines can increase a persons sex drive therefore increasing chances of HIV overdoses can lead to heart problems, strokes or convulsions, which if not treated immediately can result in death.

10 the signs and symptoms of CNS Stimulant dependence. When you have to take more and more to get the same effect And the feeling of always wanting to take the stimulant

11 an individual or group activity/exercise for client(s) to reflect on their history of stimulant use and promotes client treatment/recovery behavioral therapies used in treating cocaine and methamphetamine addiction No medication treatments Ease out of taking them, limits the withdrawal symptoms

12 References Audience. (n.d.). Treating addiction to prescription stimulants | National Institute on Drug Abuse. National Institute on Drug Abuse. Retrieved April 29, 2013, from prescription-drug-addiction/treating-addiction-to-prescription-stim Central Nervous System Stimulant Therapy. (n.d.). FMCSA. Retrieved April 29, 2013, from Central Nervous System Stimulants - definition of Central Nervous System Stimulants in the Medical dictionary - by the Free Online Medical Dictionary, Thesaurus and Encyclopedia.. (n.d.). Medical Dictionary. Retrieved April 29, 2013, from dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/Central+Nervous+System+Stimulants Central nervous system stimulants, Information about Central nervous system stimulants. (n.d.). Internet FAQ Archives - Online Education - faqs.org. Retrieved April 29, 2013, from PMC. (n.d.). NCBI. Retrieved April 29, 2013, from


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