Presentation on theme: "In the name of Allah, A Bismillah"— Presentation transcript:
1 In the name of Allah, A Bismillah In the form of a bird appearing to drink
2 Iran, second half of the 19th century Gulzar is defined by Safadi (1979) in Islamic Calligraphy as the technique of filling the area within the outlines of relatively large letters with various ornamental devices, including floral designs, geometric patterns, hunting scenes, portraits, small script, and other motifs. Gulzar is often used in composite calligraphy where it is also surrounded by other decorative units and calligraphic panels.
3 Zoomorphic Calligraphic Type In zoomorphic calligraphy, the words are manipulated and structured into the shape of a human figure, a bird, an animal, or an object. Safadi notes that Thuluth, Naskh, and Nasta'liq scripts are extensively applied to create such calligraphic compositions.
4 Ottoman Turkey, Istanbul, 1845 AD Tughra is a unique calligraphic device that is used as a royal seal. The nishanghi or tughrakesh is the only scribe specialized in writing Tughra. The emblems became quite ornate and were particularly favored by Ottoman officialdom.
5 Page from a manuscript of the Qur’an Tunisia, probably Qairawan, early tenth century Gold and red ink on parchment dyed blue
6 Two leaves from a manuscript of the Qur’an Abbasid caliphate, ninth to tenth century Ink and gold on parchment
9 By al-Qandusi, from his remarkable 12-volume Qur'an (completed 1849) A BismillahBy al-Qandusi, from his remarkable 12-volume Qur'an (completed 1849)
10 Thuluth ScriptCollage. Arches surrounding inscriptions of thuluth script. Extract from the Dakhira of the Sharqawa
11 Kufic LetteringAlternation and juxtapositioning of a supple, cursive style with rigid, angular kufic lettering. The combination of stylized floral ornamentation, geometric interlacing and the richness of the polychrome treatment highlight the individual words and invocations.
12 Andalusian maghribi script Fragment of a page from the Qur'an, copied on colored silk.