Presentation on theme: "In the form of a bird appearing to drink In the name of Allah, A Bismillah."— Presentation transcript:
In the form of a bird appearing to drink In the name of Allah, A Bismillah
Iran, second half of the 19th century Gulzar is defined by Safadi (1979) in Islamic Calligraphy as the technique of filling the area within the outlines of relatively large letters with various ornamental devices, including floral designs, geometric patterns, hunting scenes, portraits, small script, and other motifs. Gulzar is often used in composite calligraphy where it is also surrounded by other decorative units and calligraphic panels.
Zoomorphic Calligraphic Type In zoomorphic calligraphy, the words are manipulated and structured into the shape of a human figure, a bird, an animal, or an object. Safadi notes that Thuluth, Naskh, and Nasta'liq scripts are extensively applied to create such calligraphic compositions.
Ottoman Turkey, Istanbul, 1845 AD Tughra is a unique calligraphic device that is used as a royal seal. The nishanghi or tughrakesh is the only scribe specialized in writing Tughra. The emblems became quite ornate and were particularly favored by Ottoman officialdom.
Page from a manuscript of the Quran Tunisia, probably Qairawan, early tenth century Gold and red ink on parchment dyed blue
Two leaves from a manuscript of the Quran Abbasid caliphate, ninth to tenth century Ink and gold on parchment
Naskhi Script (18th Century)
An Ottoman manuscript Ta'liq Script
By al-Qandusi, from his remarkable 12-volume Qur'an (completed 1849) A Bismillah
Collage. Arches surrounding inscriptions of thuluth script. Extract from the Dakhira of the Sharqawa Thuluth Script
Alternation and juxtapositioning of a supple, cursive style with rigid, angular kufic lettering. The combination of stylized floral ornamentation, geometric interlacing and the richness of the polychrome treatment highlight the individual words and invocations. Kufic Lettering
Fragment of a page from the Qur'an, copied on colored silk. Andalusian maghribi script
A typical example Andalusian maghribi script
Signature by 'Arif Hikmat Sumbuli script
The name of Allah. Interwoven floral kufic script
Bringing a message to the mystic Abdelqadar Jilali, known as the 'White Hawk'. Calligram in relief on an unidentifiable ground. A Bird
The double letter lam and alif Maghribi script
With diacriticals in red, written on gazelle skin Maghribi Kufic
From al-Qandusi's Qur'an The opening of the Surah Maryam
In mirror images, by Subail Anwar, Istanbul The name of the Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him)
A larger version of diwani.Composition by Muhammad 'izzat al-Karkuki Jilli diwani