Presentation on theme: "I. Colonizing America A. Countries that Colonized America"— Presentation transcript:
1 I. Colonizing America A. Countries that Colonized America 1. England – 13 colonies east ofAppalachian Mountains2. France – St. Lawrence River, GreatLakes, Mississippi River, and NewOrleans3. Spain – Latin America, SE and SWsections of current US4. Russia – Pacific Northwest5. Netherlands – New York and New Jersey6. Sweden -- Delaware
3 C. England 1. Gold – Virginia Company of London (1606) sponsored trips to the Virginia colony forvarious reasonsa. Expand English tradeb. Find wider market forgoodsc. Hoped to make largeprofits
4 a. Dispute between Catholics and Anglicans in England 2. Goda. Dispute between Catholicsand Anglicans in Englandb. Pilgrims – Separatistmovement; Catholics whocould not practice theirreligion in England; fled toAmerica and settled inPlymouth, MA
5 did not think Church of England was strict enough; wanted to make c. Puritans – Reformers;did not think Church ofEngland was strictenough; wanted to makethe Church more pure;started the MA BayColony in Boston, CapeCod, and Salem areas
6 D. Blue Laws 1. Laws made by Puritans to make life “more pure” 2. Sabbath Regulationsa. All trade outlawedb. No public meetings orentertainment except forchurchc. Two two-hour services,morning and afternoon
7 3. Family Relationshipsa. Parents could lose children ifpoorly educatedb. A child could be put to deathif they disrespect parents4. Social Lawsa. Fines for lower classes thatwore silk and silver
8 a. No celebrations of Christmas or other holidays, including weddings 5. Public Behaviora. No celebrations ofChristmas or otherholidays, includingweddingsb. NO PDA6. Witch Laws
9 E. Representative Government 1. Types of colonies in the NewWorlda. Proprietary – Owned by anindividual (PA, Maryland,Georgia)b. Self – governing – Owned bythe people (MA)c. Royal – Owned by the king1. All 13 colonies wouldeventually become royal
10 2. Mayflower Compact (Nov. 11, 1620)1. First representativegovernment in America2. Established a civil government,rule of law, and a government byconsent3. Only members of congregationcould vote or hold office
11 3. Direct Democracy (MA)1. Rooted in ancient Greecewhere all eligible votersvote on every issue2. Usually done through atown hall meeting3. Most white, landowning,males participated
12 F. France 1. Gold a. Chance to earn a decent living and maybe become wealthyb. Profitable fur tradec. Search for resources notfound in France
13 2. Religiona. Growing need to convertNatives to Christianity3. Glorya. Fame that came withsucceeding in the New World
14 4. Why did the Natives trust the French more than the British?a. French settlements weresmaller and less threatening1. British were expanding morequicklyb. French were more willing toadopt Native culture1. Many French men marriedNative women
15 5. Famous Explorersa. Rene Robert de La Salle – Followed the Mississippi River tothe Gulf of Mexico and namedthe land Louisiana after KingLouis XIVb. Samuel de Champlain –Founded the city of Quebec, thecenter of French claims in NorthAmericac. Jacques Cartier – Sailed alongthe St. Lawrence River intoMontreal
16 G. Spain 1. Gold a. Find new resources (gold, silver) b. Used indentured servants tomine at first – definition1. Eventually switched toAfrican slavesc. Sought water routes to bring goldand silver back to Spain
17 2. Goda. Similar to the Frenchb. Missionaries sent to the newworld to convert Natives toChristianity
18 3. Famous Explorersa. Hernando Cortez – Conquistadorwho when he reached present-dayMexico City had his men burn theirships so they had to fight to thedeath. He would go on to capturethe Aztec Empire in the 1520s.b. Francisco Pizarro – Reached theIncan Empire in present-day Peru in1531 and held their leader forransom only to kill him. Threeyears later the Incan Empire was nomore.
20 c. Christopher Columbus – Italian by birth but sailed forthe Spanish. Convinced hecould reach Asia through theAtlantic but landed on anisland he called SanSalvador. Considered by many tobe the man who discoveredAmerica.
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