Presentation on theme: "The National Academies Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate"— Presentation transcript:
1The National Academies Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate Chris Elfring, DirectorAMS PPPF April 22, 2009
2The BASC Mission… advance understanding of the earth's atmosphere and climate, and serve as a source for objective, independent advice to the federal government and others.conducts studies/workshops on emerging scientific and policy issues in response to specific requests from federal agencies and others;provides program reviews, issue analysis, assessment of priorities;helps ensure that research efforts are responsive to national needs and fosters application of that research;facilitates communication and collaboration among academia, industry, and government;provides a forum to address atmospheric and climate research needs, policy issues, and the provision of weather and climate services;assists U.S. participation in international research efforts in the atmospheric and climate sciences.
3The Climate Research Committee … is a standing committee under BASC – formed in 1981 to focus attention on those aspects of atmospheric, oceanic, and related research aimed at advancing understanding of climate variability and change.Provides focused oversight to NRC studies pertaining to climate;Advises government agencies on matters pertaining to scientific aspects of climate and climate change;Serves as the U.S. National Committee for the World Climate Research Program (WCRP) and maintains liaison with the WCRP;Maintains coordination with relevant NRC entities with climate-related responsibilities; andTakes the initiative to promote progress in climate research, such as by organizing meetings and workshops.
4Why the Academies? Independence (non-profit, non-government) freedom to be criticalBalance (range of perspectives represented; report is based on consensus)expertise to evaluate and consider key issuesObjectivity (pro bono; conflict of interest procedures)freedom from financial consequences, undue biasQuality (NRC oversight, external peer review)ensure that recommendations are well supportedReputation (credibility, history, stature of participants)“the gold standard”Each activity is conducted by a group of volunteer experts, selected for that specific task, and overseen by the National Research Council.
5Criteria for Studiessome real impact (on science, an agency, or the nation) or contribute something uniqueclearly stated objectives and a well-defined end productappropriate for the NRC consensus approach and not better done by some other entitywe have access to the right individuals with the necessary expertise and willingness to participateone or more sponsors have a demonstrated interest in the project
7Example: Advice on Future Directions Type: Broad policy guidance to an agencyOrigin: NSF-National Science BoardProcess: Two phases to provide initial input and more detailed analysis
8Example: Science Controversy Type: Independent view of science controversyOrigin: CongressProcess: Fast track – 6 months (2 meetings, 1 a large public input event)
9Example: Technical Focus Type: Interface of science and technologyOrigin: NASA, NOAAProcess: Focused, fast-track to give concrete guidance for decision-making
10Example: Broad Issue of Interest Type: Guidance to government with broader implicationsOrigin: NOAAProcess: Regular “full” study with multiple meetings, approximately 15 months
11Review of CCSP Synthesis and Assessment Products Example: Peer ReviewReview of CCSP Synthesis and Assessment Products1.1, 5.2, 3.3, 3.2, 2.4, 1.3Type: Provide Independent Peer Review a document (or program)Origin: NOAA/CCSPProcess: Focused, fast track review (read, one meeting, write, and deliver in 6 months)
12Climate at the National Academies Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate (BASC)Climate Research Committee (CRC)Committee on the Human Dimensions of Global Change (CHDGC)Space Studies Board (SSB)Ocean Studies Board (OSB)Polar Research Board (PRB)Water Science and Technology Board (WSTB)Board on Life Sciences (BLS)Institute of Medicine (IOM)Board on Agriculture and Natural Resources (BANR)Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology (BEST)Board on Energy and Environmental Studies (BEES)Transportation Research Board (TRB)
13Examples of Non-BASC Climate Work Informing Decisions in a Changing Climate
14Climate-Related Current Projects America’s Energy FutureThe Importance of Deep-Time Geologic Records for Understanding Climate Change ImpactsPotential Energy Savings and Greenhouse Gas Reductions From TransportationRelationships Among Development Patterns, Vehicle Miles Traveled, and Energy ConsumptionHealth, Environmental, and Other External Costs and Benefits of Energy Production and ConsumptionIntra-seasonal to Inter-annual Climate Prediction and Predictability
15Congressional Request The Department of Commerce Appropriations Act of 2008 (Public Law ) calls for NOAA to execute an agreement with the National Academy of Sciences to establish a committee that will:“…investigate and study the serious and sweeping issues relating to global climate change and make recommendations regarding what steps must be taken and what strategies must be adopted in response to global climate change, including the science and technology challenges thereof.”
16Key Aspects of Study Strategy Q&A approachFuture and action-orientedUS focus, recognizing international contextEmphasizes short-term / long-term timeframesUtilizes and builds on existing informationFlexible/practical - each group to identify and target important sectors/stakeholders, spatial scales, and decision makers for their questionsPolicy relevant
17Key Aspects of Study Strategy Will produce 5 reports:4 panel reports by late 2009-early 20101 final committee report by spring 2010Special workshops held as needed to gather information or focus on specific topics (e.g., geo-engineering)Suite of communication activities, including the Summit, a final Symposium, opportunities for input and feedback, study website, derivative products, & outreach activitiesGoal: to inform decision makers at all levels and across the many sectors facing critical decisions related to climate change
18Public-Focused Products Ecological Impacts of Climate ChangeUnderstanding and Responding to Climate ChangeWhat You Need to Know About EnergyEarth Observations from Space CDReports in Brief
20BASC and the AMS Community Interest in many similar issuesEngage many of the same experts and stakeholdersLooking to have impactLooking to provide leadership and scientific voice in decision makingHave different mechanisms for actionSits within large, diverse organizationFundamental constraint of providing advice “when asked”Could AMS or PPPF ask for a BASC study?
21Contact InformationBoard on Atmospheric Sciences and ClimateThe National Academies500 Fifth Street NWWashington DC 20001(202)