Presentation on theme: "A S ECOND -G ENERATION G ENDER A GENDA : L ESSONS AND C HALLENGES FROM L ATIN A MERICA Marcelo M. Giugale Director Poverty Reduction and Economic Management."— Presentation transcript:
A S ECOND -G ENERATION G ENDER A GENDA : L ESSONS AND C HALLENGES FROM L ATIN A MERICA Marcelo M. Giugale Director Poverty Reduction and Economic Management Latin America and the Caribbean World Bank
W OMEN S O PPORTUNITIES IN LAC: G OOD, B UT N OT G REAT Source: EIU (forthcoming), Women's Economic Opportunity Index. Commissioned by the World Bank.
A S ECOND -G ENERATION A GENDA FOR LAC: 1. Transferable Skills 2. Access to Child Care 3. Developing, not Promoting, Microenterprises 4. Formalization 5. Asset Collaterilization
A S ECOND -G ENERATION A GENDA ( CONT./) 6. Firm Certification 7. Access to Information and Technology 8. Old Age Security 9. Equality in Law Enforcement 10. Cultural Change Through Education Curricula
F EMALE -L ED F IRMS : S MALLER & L ESS P RODUCTIVE Female- Owned Firms Male-Owned Firms Difference (Female - Male) Bolivia 22.214.171.124*** Mexico 30.311.118.8*** Percentage of Firms Operating from Within the HomeMedian Profits by Firm Ownership Source: Bruhn (2009), Performance and Obstacles of Female-Owned Firms in Latin America. Data circa 2005. * Enterprise Surveys for Brazil, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua.
F EMALE E MPLOYMENT : M OSTLY I NFORMAL Female Labor Force Participation in LAC, Informal and Formal Source: CEDLAS (2009), Statistics - Employment. Data circa 2007.
B ENEFITS OF F IRM C ERTIFICATION : M EXICO Note: Presented as percentage of total responses Source: Castro (2007). Gender Equity Promotion in the Private Sector in Mexico: the Development of a Successful Model. Smart Lessons in Advisory Services Series. Washington DC: IFC. 31% Improved labor environment 23% Improved communication among managers and employees 9% Increase of women in managerial positions 8% Increase in productivity 8% Reduction in salary gaps 5% Reduction in employee turnover
H ONDURAS : D ISTRIBUTION OF M ALE AND F EMALE W ORKERS BY S ECTOR Source: CEDLAS (2009), Statistics - Employment. Data circa 2007
MÓDULO USO DEL TIEMPO: Jornada laboral remunerada y doméstica no remunerada (horas semanales). Source: Milosavljevic (2007). Antecedentes de la investigación sobre uso del tiempo en América Latina. Presentation made by Unidad Mujer y Desarrollo, CEPAL.
G ENDER V ALUES IN LAC Statement "When jobs are scarce, men should have more right to a job than women" (% that agree with statement) Chile30.2% Argentina27.7% Brazil22.3% Statement: "Men make better executives than women do" (% that strongly agree + agree with statement) Chile35.6% Brazil30.1% Argentina24.8% Statement: "Men make better political leaders than women do" (% that strongly agree + agree with statement) Chile49.3% Argentina32.2% Brazil31.7% Colombia29.3% Mexico28.1% Source: World Values Survey (wave 2005- 2008). Latin American countries included in the survey are Argentina, Brazil, Colombia, Chile, Mexico and Peru.