Presentation on theme: "Do Now Go to Page 414 Do the OPTIC Steps in your notebook."— Presentation transcript:
Do Now Go to Page 414 Do the OPTIC Steps in your notebook
Mr. Wood World History 101 Empires in Western Africa
Essential Question and Standards How did the leaders, trade and technology affect life in Africa? Explain how trade was a source of power and wealth in the rise and fall of the West African Kingdoms.
Objective Describe how Ghana began as an Empire Explain the importance of the Gold-Salt Trade in Ghana
Before we go to West Africa- Lets go back to Yale!
Readings Empire of Ghana- p Empire of Mali- p Empire of Songhai- p. 417
What to do today TodayTomorrow Empire of Ghana- p Cornell Notes- Lecture on Ghana Begin reading Empire of Mali- p
Ticket Out How were gold and salt important to the Ghana empire?
Do Now Describe what the Gold-Salt trade was and why it was important to The Empire of Ghana.
Objective Describe how Ghana began and fell as an Empire Explain the importance of the Gold-Salt Trade in Ghana Describe how Islams influence on the Empire of Ghana Use and synthesize book and lecture notes into a body paragraph
What to do today Yesterday Today Empire of Ghana- p Cornell Notes- Lecture on Empire of Ghana Begin writing Paragraph- Empire of Ghana - W/ Book + Lecture Notes
Read and write 2-3 thoughts that stick out to you about the text " The King adorns himself … he puts on a high cap decorated with gold and wrapped in a turban of fine cotton. He holds an audience in a domed pavilion around which stand ten horses covered with gold- embroidered materials…and on his right, are the sons of the vassal kings of his country, wearing splendid garments and their hair plaited with gold. At the door of the pavilion are dogs of excellent pedigree. Round their necks they wear collars of gold and silver, studded with a number of balls of the same metals. 10th century geographer Al-Bakri, quoted in Corpus of Early Arabic Sources for West African History.
Empire of Ghana 5 th Century Berber Muslims cross desert to trade- - Gold in West Africa - Empire of Ghana forms from trade - A.D Also trade other goods - Capital- Kumbi Saleh
Islam Influence and the Fall of Ghana Islam spreads with traders in Ghana Capital of Kumbi Saleh Muslims + Native beliefs Decline- Lost trading monopoly – new Gold Mines - Drought - Almoravid take over??
Ticket out How did of Ghana rise and fall?
Do Now OPTICOPTIC
Objective Explain the rise and fall of Mali Describe the role of the strong leaders Sundiata and Mansa Musa in Mali
Book Notes- Empire of Mali Empire of Mali- p Cornell Notes
What to do today Today Tomorrow Empire of Mali- p Maybe?? Begin lecture on Mali Lecture on Mali Begin writing Mali paragraph
Ticket Out Who do you think was a better ruler Sundiata or Mansa Musa? Why? Give 2-3 reasons
Do Now How does Education help a society advance?
Objective Explain the rise and fall of Mali Describe the role of the strong leaders Sundiata and Mansa Musa in Mali Use and synthesize book and lecture notes into a body paragraph
What to do today Today Tomorrow Lecture on Mali Begin writing Mali paragraph Reading on Empire of Songhai, P. 417 Beginning of Lecture on Songhai
The Rise of the Empire of Mali + Timbuktu Mail Rose after Ghana fell - Emperor Sundiata unites clans, Brings Islam - Controls Gold + Salt Trade Timbuktu becomes focal city for trade and education -3 Universities- Book Writing + Producing - Timbuktu- like Baghdad on the silk road city- Gold road
Mansa Musa Brings back strong central Government to Mali - Makes many stunning buildings- many mosques - - Brought Arab Scholars to Timbuktu - Made Pilgrimage to Mecca - - Gave much gold away
Decline and Fall of Mali Declined in the 1400s Weak rulers who followed Mansa Musa Raids by neighboring groups By 1500 fell and Songhai Empire began ch?v=2oag1eE2qMw - 18:50
Ticket Out Give two details about: Timbuktu Mansa Musa
Do Now OPTICOPTIC
Objective How did the Songhai Empire rise and fall with leaders like Sunni Ali and Askia Muhammad Use and synthesize book and lecture notes into a body paragraph
What to do today Yesterday Today Empire of Mali p work time Lecture on Mali Empire of Songhai- p Due tomorrow Lecture on the Songhai Empire
Sunni Ali and The Songhai Empire Songhai were ruled by Mali - Pay taxes + kneeled to kings Sunni Ali rises to power - Uses navy to control river, army to take the cities - - Conquers Timbuktu - - Creates dominant empire, but very violent
Peak of the Songhai and Their Fall Askia Muhammad overthrows Sunni Alis son - Begins golden age of Songhai Empire - - Peace and stability – strong central government After he dies, + falls
Ticket Out Four correct answers and we can go!!