Presentation on theme: "Do Now Go to Page 414 Do the OPTIC Steps in your notebook."— Presentation transcript:
1Do NowGo to Page 414 Do the OPTIC Steps in your notebook
2Empires in Western Africa Mr. WoodWorld History 101
3Essential Question and Standards How did the leaders, trade and technology affect life in Africa?Explain how trade was a source of power and wealth in the rise and fall of the West African Kingdoms.
4Objective Describe how Ghana began as an Empire Explain the importance of the Gold-Salt Trade in Ghana
5Before we go to West Africa- Let’s go back to Yale!
6Readings Empire of Ghana- p. 413-5 Empire of Mali- p. 415-7 Empire of Songhai- p. 417
7What to do today Today Tomorrow Empire of Ghana- p. 413-5 Cornell Notes-Lecture on GhanaBegin reading Empire of Mali- p
8Ticket OutHow were gold and salt important to the Ghana empire?
9Do NowDescribe what the Gold-Salt trade was and why it was important to The Empire of Ghana.
10Objective Describe how Ghana began and fell as an Empire Explain the importance of the Gold-Salt Trade in GhanaDescribe how Islam’s influence on the Empire of GhanaUse and synthesize book and lecture notes into a body paragraph
11What to do today Yesterday Empire of Ghana- p. 413-4 Cornell Notes- Lecture on Empire of GhanaBegin writing Paragraph- Empire of Ghana- W/ Book + Lecture Notes
12Read and write 2-3 thoughts that stick out to you about the text "The King adorns himself … he puts on a high cap decorated with gold and wrapped in a turban of fine cotton. He holds an audience in a domed pavilion around which stand ten horses covered with gold- embroidered materials…and on his right, are the sons of the vassal kings of his country, wearing splendid garments and their hair plaited with gold. At the door of the pavilion are dogs of excellent pedigree. Round their necks they wear collars of gold and silver, studded with a number of balls of the same metals.”10th century geographer Al-Bakri, quoted in Corpus of Early Arabic Sources for West African History.
13Empire of Ghana 5th Century Berber Muslims cross desert to trade- Gold in West AfricaEmpire of Ghana forms from tradeA.DAlso trade other goodsCapital- Kumbi Saleh
14Islam Influence and the Fall of Ghana Islam spreads with traders in GhanaCapital of Kumbi Saleh Muslims + Native beliefsDecline-Lost trading monopoly – new Gold MinesDroughtAlmoravid take over??
17Objective Explain the rise and fall of Mali Describe the role of the strong leaders Sundiata and Mansa Musa in Mali
18Book Notes- Empire of Mali Empire of Mali- pCornell Notes
19What to do today Today Empire of Mali- p. 415-7 TomorrowEmpire of Mali- pMaybe?? Begin lecture on MaliLecture on MaliBegin writing Mali paragraph
20Ticket Out Who do you think was a better ruler Sundiata or Mansa Musa? Why? Give 2-3 reasons
21Do NowHow does Education help a society advance?
22Objective Explain the rise and fall of Mali Describe the role of the strong leaders Sundiata and Mansa Musa in MaliUse and synthesize book and lecture notes into a body paragraph
23What to do today Today Lecture on Mali Begin writing Mali paragraph TomorrowLecture on MaliBegin writing Mali paragraphReading on Empire of Songhai, P. 417Beginning of Lecture on Songhai
24The Rise of the Empire of Mali + Timbuktu Mail Rose after Ghana fellEmperor Sundiata unites clans, Brings Islam- Controls Gold + Salt TradeTimbuktu becomes focal city for trade and education-3 Universities- Book Writing + Producing- Timbuktu- like Baghdad on the silk road city- “Gold road”
25Mansa Musa Brings back strong central Government to Mali Makes many stunning buildings- many mosques- Brought Arab Scholars to TimbuktuMade Pilgrimage to Mecca- Gave much gold away
26Decline and Fall of Mali Declined in the 1400’sWeak rulers who followed Mansa MusaRaids by neighboring groupsBy 1500 fell and Songhai Empire beganch?v=2oag1eE2qMw- 18:50
27Ticket OutGive two details about:TimbuktuMansa Musa
29ObjectiveHow did the Songhai Empire rise and fall with leaders like Sunni Ali and Askia MuhammadUse and synthesize book and lecture notes into a body paragraph
30What to do today Yesterday Empire of Mali p. 415-7- work time Lecture on MaliEmpire of Songhai- p. 417- Due tomorrowLecture on the Songhai Empire
31Sunni Ali and The Songhai Empire Songhai were ruled by MaliPay taxes + kneeled to kingsSunni Ali rises to powerUses navy to control river, army to take the cities- Conquers Timbuktu- Creates dominant empire, but very violent
32Peak of the Songhai and Their Fall Askia Muhammad overthrows Sunni Ali’s sonBegins golden age of Songhai Empire- Peace and stability – strong central governmentAfter he dies, + falls