Presentation on theme: "Chapter 15 Societies and Empires of Africa"— Presentation transcript:
1Chapter 15 Societies and Empires of Africa 800-1500
2Vocabulary I Linage: Common ancestors Stateless Societies: cultures based on ancestral linage instead of governmentGhana: The first west African kingdom based on Gold/Salt tradeMali: West African kingdom based on Gold/Universities/Mansa MusaSundiata:1st Great leader of Mali. Cruel and unpopular.
3Vocabulary IIMansa Musa: Islamic Mali King. Hajj. Built Mosques/University at TimbuktuIbn Battuta: African Marco Polo. 27 years of travel in the Muslim WorldSonghai: West African kingdom that took over Mali. Muslim rulers. Lacked modern weapons.Benin: African Culture on the Niger River. Bronze/Brass artifactsSwahili: Arabic Language diffused with Bantu languageGreat Zimbabwe: South East African Trade city. Gold/Trade hub.
7North and Central African Societies Hunter-Gathering SocietiesMatrilineal vs. PatrilinealMost societies are patrilineal or traced ancestry through fatherHunter-Gatherer = nomadicMost northern and central African societies were nomadic due to harsh climate (too dry or rainforest)
8Islamic Influence Islamic influence Rise of Islam in Africa Mostly along northern and eastern coasts; introduced to Africa through trade and conquestBrought Islamic law and traditions to Africa as well as written language (Arabic)
9African Societies Stateless Societies Muslim States S.S. are based on families/clansThey serve as the governmentPatrilineal: FatherMatrilineal: MotherAge Set SystemRight of passage based on age!!Maghri(e)b: Northern Africa/MediterraneanIslamic Law runs life/government
10Main Idea QuestionsWhat sorts of food did the Efe hunt and gather in the Iturbi Forest?What different purposes does the age-set system serve in African societies?What role did Islam play in the political history of Northern Africa?
12Empires of Gold and Salt Ghana, Mali, and SonghaiGold/Salt TradeTrade for Gold and Salt along Niger River and trans-Saharan trade routes made all three kingdoms flourishTrade was single most important factor for success of all three kingdoms
16Important West Africans Mansa MusaLed kingdom of Mali during Golden AgeWent on famous pilgrimage to Mecca 1324Control of Gold and Salt Trade (100,000 men)Built the city of Timbuktu – the most famous trade city of Mali/University
17Ibn Battuta “Muslim Marco Polo” Traveled the length of the Muslim World during 1500s, wrote accounts of each Muslim country he visitedMost important primary source for historians on Muslim countries during the late Middle Ages
18Kingdom of BeninLocated south of Ghana, Mali, and Songhai on West African coastIsolated due to location away from major riverKnown for distinctive African artwork free from foreign influence
19Main Idea Questions How did Ghana’s gold-salt trade work? How did Sunni Ali build an Empire?What form of government was typical of Hausa city-states?
20Eastern City-States and Southern Empires Chapter 15:3
22East Coast Trade Cities Indian Ocean Trade NetworkStretched from Indonesia and China in the east to Africa in the westKilwa, Mogadishu, and Mombassa most important trade cities in east AfricaTraded ivory, gold, and slaves
23Islamic Influences Islamic Influences Most city-states ruled by Muslims and followed Islamic LawArabic language combined with Bantu to form Swahili
24Southern Africa and Great Zimbabwe From , this city controlled inland AfricaMany ruins are left from this site, including huge city structures and wallsConsidered to be African culture most free from outside influence
25Europeans arrive in Africa PortugueseArrived along African coast in the late 1400’sBuilt trade forts along African coast and captured many trade citiesBrought European influence to Africa including ChristianityBegan European slave trade by exploiting existing slave trade