5How can we learn from the results of our actions? Daily Questions Question of the WeekHow can we learn from the results of our actions?Daily QuestionsWhy do you think gold was so valuable to King Midas?How do you think King Midas will live his life differently after cleansing himself of the golden touch.What is the lesson in this poem?
6Language Skills Daily Fix It Practice Book Spelling Writing Workshop Day 1Day 2Day 3Day 4Day 5Transparency: CommasPractice BookPage 109Page 110Page 111Page 112SpellingStrategyPage 109Page 110Page 111Page 112Writing WorkshopReading Writing Connection Writing PromptWriter’s Craft Editing and Revising
8Language SkillsDay 1Daily Fix ItThe king keeped gold silver and jewels in the dungeon.The king kept gold, silver, and jewels in the dungeon.He didnt beleive anything was more important than wealth.He didn’t believe anything was more important than wealth.
9Day 2Daily Fix It1. Jose drawed a picture of King Midas Aurelia and the young man.Jose drew a picture of King Midas, Aurelia, and the young man.The king was overcome with greif when his littel girl was turned to gold.The king was overcome with grief when his little girl was turned to gold.Language Skills
10Language SkillsDay 3Daily Fix ItGrandpa always says that the bestest things in life are free?Grandpa always says that the best things in life are free.Hes right a hug is free.He’s right. A hug
11Day 4 Daily Fix It 1. This story is more funnier than that one. This story is funnier than that one.My neice loves to write stories songs and poems.My niece loves to write stories, songs, and poems.Language Skills
12Day 5 Daily Fix It Losing the golden touch filled he with releif. Language SkillsDay 5Daily Fix ItLosing the golden touch filled he with releif.Losing the golden touch filled him with relief.“Look Father the roses are back! They are not hard and ugile.”Look, Father the roses are back! They are not hard and ugly.”
17Spelling Strategy Problem Parts Language SkillsSpelling StrategyProblem PartsPoint out that we all have words that are hard for us to spell. One way to learn how to spell these words is to focus on the problem parts of each word.
24Language SkillsWriting PromptWrite a humorous poem about a person or animal. For example, you might write about a person who can always make you laugh. Use sound effects, images, and figurative language to create a lighthearted mood.
25Editing/Revising Checklist Language SkillsEditing/Revising ChecklistHave I used lively and interesting similes, metaphors, and personification.Have I used commas to make my ideas clear?Have I spelled words with ei and ie correctly?
26Activate Prior Knowledge Explain something about natureSpread by word of mouthMythsSupernatural characters and events
27Compare and Contrast Advantages Disadvantages Writers sometimes use comparison and contrast to organize their writing. Clue words such as same, also, before, although, and however signal comparisons and contrasts.Good readers notice the author’s comparisons and contrasts and make their own as they read.AdvantagesDisadvantages
28Answer QuestionsGood readers know where to find the answers to questions about what they read. To answer questions about what they read. To answer questions about comparisons and contrasts, look for clue words and use your prior knowledge. You may find an answer in just one sentence. Other times you will find it in several different places.
30WriteRead “Lucky Winners?” List the advantages and disadvantage of winning the lottery in a graphic organizer like the one above.Use your graphic organizer to help you describe how you might feel if you won the lottery.
34Introduce Lesson Vocabulary Vocabulary ListAdornLifelessRealmCleansePreciousSpoonfulIntroduce Lesson VocabularyWhich vocabulary words go with the following clues?Which word describes something you might do to your home for a holiday celebration?Which word is an antonym for lively?Which word describes an amount of medicine you might take?
35AdornTo add beauty to; put ornaments on; decorate
41More Words to KnowBequeath: to give or leave by means of a will when a person dies.Exquisite: very lovely; delicateInconvenience: something inconvenient; a cause of trouble, difficulty, or bother
42Practice Lesson Vocabulary Yes or noIs a realm a place where people might live?Would you adorn a gift box with a bow?Is plastic a precious material?Is a spoonful of salt greater than a pinch of salt?Is a tree lifeless?Would a sponge help you cleanse something?
43Vocabulary Strategy Suffixes: -less, -ful A suffix is a word part added to the end of a base word that changes the base word’s meaning. Sometimes the spelling of the base word also changes when a suffix is added. Knowing the meaning of a suffix can help you figure out the meaning of a word.Look at an unfamiliar word to see if it has a base word you know.Check to see if the suffix –less or –ful has been added.Decide how it changes the base word’s meaning. The suffix –less can mean “without,” as in harmless. The suffix –ful can mean “the amount that will fill,” as in handful.Try this meaning in the sentence to see if it makes sense.As you read “Hospital for Wild Animals,” look for words with the suffix –less or -ful. Use the suffixes to help you figure out the meanings of the words.
46Genre: MythsMyths are tales handed down by word of mouth for generations. They tell about nature and human behavior. As you read, notice that the author points out how the king’s behavior leads to tragedy.
48Preview and PredictPreview the story title and illustrations. Recall hearing about King Midas or “the golden touch,” and have them use this knowledge to predict what will happen in the story. Use your selection vocabulary words as you discuss your predictions.
49Guided ComprehensionOn p. 680, paragraph 4, the roses are described as having exquisite colors. Which word provides a synonym as a clue for the meaning of exquisite? Explain.What is the main difference King Midas notes between himself and the old man?What part of p. 683 could be true in real life? What part could not? Explain.Why and how does the mysterious stranger come to Midas in his dungeon chamber?Why do you think the visitor cautions Midas by saying, “Think carefully, my friend”?When does King Midas realize his wish has been granted? How did you find the answer to this question?Based on similar stories you’ve read where a wish is granted, what do you think will happen to Midas now that his wish has come true?
50Guided Comprehension Continued Based on similar stories you’ve read where a wish is granted, what do you think will happen to Midas now that his wish has come true?Draw conclusions about why the king is in a rush on ppHow does the illustration reflect what has happened so far in the story? How does it hint at what may yet happen?How are Aurelia’s feelings about the golden roses different from what King Midas expected?How do you think King Midas will end up feeling about his wish? Give reasons for your answer.What causes the king to grumble and wring his hands?Name the base word and suffix in the word lifeless. How does the suffix change the meaning of the base word?
51Guided Comprehension Continued Compare and contrast King Midas’s feelings about his wish on p. 693 with how he felt before.What lesson has the king learned from this experience?King Midas cleanses himself in the spring to get rid of the golden touch. In what other sense does he cleanse himself?How do the feelings of King Midas change from the beginning to the end of this story?Have you ever learned a lesson similar to the lesson of King Midas – that there are more important things than money? Explain.
52Drawing ConclusionsA conclusion is a decision or opinion that makes sense after thinking about the facts and details.“The mysterious stranger appears suddenly in the locked chamber, his figure glows, and he now looks like a young man, so he must be a magical creature of some sort. He says he wants to reward Midas for his kindness and asks what the King wants. I think he is going to grant Midas a wish.”Which conclusion is best supported by information in the first paragraph?Midas is hiding in the dungeon.Midas visits prisoners being kept in the dungeon.Midas stores gold in the dungeon.
53Drawing Conclusions Continued You should find details in the story to support conclusions they draw about characters or events.“When I read the text and study the picture on pp , I conclude that Midas is in a hurry to go outside and use his golden touch, possibly in the garden.”Which conclusion is best supported by the illustration p ?The king lives in an extravagant palace.The king likes to run down the stairs.The king is a greedy person.
55Author’s CraftAn author is the writer of any piece of literature. An author is not one of the characters in a story, but creates the character, even if the story is told in the first person (using the pronoun I).Authors choose what they will write, how they will describe the characters, and how long the story will be.Authors of folk or fairy tales can take old stories recorded long ago and rewite them using new words.Explain how the author lets the reader know how King Midas feels about gold.Write a paragraph that explains how the author lets the reader know about how King Midas feels about his daughter. Give several examples of what the King both says and does.
56COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS SUMMARYThis story follows the members of a family as they leave their farm and join other gold diggers on the California Trail headingoff in search of a new life in the West. After surviving the long trek, many hardships, and the disappointment of finding very fewnuggets in several mining towns, the family finally settles in San Francisco, where Pa starts a successful construction business.COMPREHENSION QUESTIONSPAGES 5–6 How was Josh’s response to the news of the family’s move similar to Susannah’s response? How was it different?PAGE 11 Why was Susannah more bored than Josh during the trip?PAGE 19 How did the families help each other cross the Sierra Nevada?PAGE 22 Pa had a smile on his face after learning that Pleasant Valley had been mined out, but Weaverville still had gold. What does that reveal about his character?
59COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS SUMMARYSince its discovery 5000 years ago, gold has been considered precious. The ancient Greeks and Romans used gold to confer status and beauty, as well as toexpress love. The Inca considered gold “sweat from the sun,” while the Aztecs used gold to honor their gods. Today, most of the world’s gold is mined in South Africa, and it is still considered precious.COMPREHENSION QUESTIONSPAGE 7 Look at the use of the phrase “the Midas touch.” Use this phrase in a sentence of your own.PAGES 10 AND 14 How did the use of gold in ancient Rome differ from its use among the Aztecs?PAGES 14 AND 16 What can you infer about the Spanish soldiers and their relation to the Aztecs and the Inca?PAGE 20 Give one possible reason that gold production has grown in the last twenty-five years.
62COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS SUMMARYThis nonfiction selection explores the history of salt, silk, gold, diamonds, and oil. Obtaining and trading such precious goods has had both good and bad consequences, such as spreading ideas across cultures and starting wars.COMPREHENSION QUESTIONSPAGE 3 What is one common factor that makes salt, silk, gold, diamonds, and oil precious?PAGES 10–11 What was one good result of the silk trade?PAGES 9 AND 18 How is the history of silksimilar to the history of diamonds?PAGE 21 What do you think will happen if mostcountries continue to meet their energy needswith oil?
65What do you think this poem is about? Genre: PoetryA poem is a composition arranged in lines. Some poems have rhyme.Some poems are written in the voice of a first person narrator who tells the reader a story. Sometimes this story is humorous and fantastic.Look at the drawings and ask yourself: “What clues tell me this poem will be funny and fantastic?”
66I’ll tell you the story of Jimmy Jet- And you know what I tell you is true.He loved to watch his TV setAlmost as much as you.He watched all day, he watched all nightTill he grew pale and lean,From “The Early Show” to “The Late Late Show”And all the shows between.He watched till his eyes were frozen wide,And his bottom grew into his chair.And his chin turned into a tuning dial, And antennae grew out of his hair.And his brains turned into TV tubes,And his face to a TV screen.And two knobs saying “VERT.” and “HORIZ.”Grew where his ears had been.And he grew a plug that looked like a tailSo we plugged in little Jim.And now instead of him watching TVWe all sit around and watch him.