Crops Dates: raised in desert oasis Kola Nuts: Used for medicines
Resources Salt: When ancient lakes dried up they left salt behind Gold: found in secret mines and used for jewelry
Culture and Trade When west Africa was damp people lived further apart because they could rely on the earths resources, but as time changed the earth got dryer and people had to live closer together to depend on one another. Thus came SOCIAL STRUCTURES!!
Technology brought change Heating rock= IRON IRON= Strong tools STRONG TOOLS= more crops MORE CROPS= trading Nok people became good farmers and hunters and gained power
TRADE-TRADE-TRADE Desert Trade o Not so smart people used horses, but horses had to stop and drink at every oasis o Then they started used camels 200AD o Camels allowed people to cross the desert in 2 months o They formed caravans o Berbers were know for crossing the desert
DESERT TRADE Desert Trade was dangerous because… Supplies ran low Thieves Loose their way (sand was everywhere)
TRADE GOLD and SALT Gold and Salt Mine=MONEY MONEY MONEY Camels carried gold and salt from the Sahara desert in the north to the south for trade EUROPE and the ISLAMIC world received gold and salt Along with gold and salt, they traded cloth, copper, and silver and sold humans
There once was an Empire…Mali. This Empire was special, as it lay in the fertile land on the Niger river. The Niger River helped this Empire grow into a HUGE POWERFUL EMPIRE. But that did not happen over night.
There was a leader named Sundiata and he was a warrior, but also a magician.
Sundiata was a son of a pervious King. And boy did he hate his father. So he made an army and….
Over took his fathers kingdom. Sundiata then continued to conquer near by kingdoms.
Sundiata took over the salt and gold traders and he worked. He worked to…
Improver Agriculture. He grew beans, onions, rice. (NOT for Tacos). He also grew….
Cotton. And he did not farm this cotton, oh no, he had slaves farm it. But where did he get these slaves?
The people he conquered would become his slaves.
Not only did he make the people slaves, but he took power from both the people and local leaders he conquered.
When Sundiata died in 1255AD his son took power and then when his son died Muslims came to power.
West African Historical and Artistic Traditions
West African societies had no written language. What they did write down was in Arabic. Types of people who could write: Muslim traders Government officials Religious leaders
Oral History Is a spoken record of past events
Africa story tellers were called GROITS The Groits were highly respected, and kept history alive. They told stories of deeds of people ancestors and stories of the rise and fall of West Africa.
Epics were long poems about kingdoms and hero's Dausi Epic- Tells about Ghana Sudiata Epic- Tells about Mali
Much of West African stories come from travelers or scholars from Muslim lands such as Spain or Arabia Peninsula
West African Arts Sculptures made of wood, brass, clay, stone, ivory and other materials Masks made of hyenas, lions, monkeys and antelopes Kente is the hand-woven brightly colored fabric Dances ere important visual arts