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By Preston Gray and Cary Rakin. Mill property owner James Marshall discovered gold in the American River on January 24, 1848. This basically created the.

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Presentation on theme: "By Preston Gray and Cary Rakin. Mill property owner James Marshall discovered gold in the American River on January 24, 1848. This basically created the."— Presentation transcript:

1 By Preston Gray and Cary Rakin

2 Mill property owner James Marshall discovered gold in the American River on January 24, 1848. This basically created the California Gold Rush as people from around the world flocked to try and profit from gold The gold rush created an extremely large population increase as well as an increase in immigration Background of the Gold Rush

3 The California Gold Rush primarily started at Sutters Mill, (where James Marshall first discovered it) Later, citizens that moved West and immigrants mainly stayed in Northern California and parts of the Sierra Nevada Goldfields Places to mine gold in California

4 In an address to Congress, President James Polk announced on December 5, 1848 that he confirmed there was gold discovered in the American River, this began the trek of the Forty Niners The Forty Niners were basically the throngs of people that traveled up to Northern California The Forty Niners consisted of Californians, Mexicans, US citizens, Europeans, and Chinese immigrants In 1849, 85,000 people migrated to California! Forty Niners

5 One of the most common styles of gold mining was hydraulic mining With hydraulic mining, water was sprayed at clumps of dirt on a conveyer belt, then which separated dirt and gold This is a great example of the length that the Industrial Revolution had benefited America Towards the 1880s, an estimated 11 million ounces of gold (worth around 7.5 billion dollars) had had been recovered by hydraulic mining Gold Mining Techniques

6 Most of the Forty Niners had made some sort of extreme profit mining gold Gold went to nearly all purchases from food to any sort of entertainment A lot of the gold profit helped stimulate the expansion and the development of the West Gold also stimulated the global economy in the long run as well Profits/Economic Growth

7 Throughout American history, the Native Americans had been constantly pushed back all the way to the West As the immigrants slowly moved to Northern California, the Native Americans were succumbing to diseases such as smallpox and influenza killing off roughly 85% of their population Also, a lot of Native Americans would ambush mining facilities, as would miners attack Native villages as well Conflicts and the Native Americans

8 With the sudden increase in population, California was introduced to statehood on September 9, 1850, after the land was handed over from Mexico during the previous year California is now known as the Golden State Emphasized the American Dream and how any immigrant can become successful in America NFL Football team called the San Francisco 49ers Long Term Effects of the Gold Rush

9 In 1854, a 195-pound mass of gold, the largest known to have been discovered in California, was found at Carson Hill in Calaveras County. It cost roughly $109,000! At one point, eggs (if any) were $3.00 each; whiskey was $16.00 a bottle, pills were $10.00 each without advice, $100 with. Because of supply and demand, some areas of California reported that a glass of water was nearly 100 dollars! Fun Facts

10 "The California Gold Rush." California's Natural Resources: A Brief History of the Gold Rush. Web. 29 Mar. 2012.. "California Gold, Migration." Home. Web. 29 Mar. 2012.. "Fun Facts and Interesting Information of the Gold Rush Era." ECashSavers- Home Page. Web. 29 Mar. 2012. http://www.ecashsavers.com/sites/goldrush/funfacts.html http://www.ecashsavers.com/sites/goldrush/funfacts.html Google Images/Wikipedia Pictures The End


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