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Colorado State Beekeepers Association Summer Meeting June 15, 2013.

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Presentation on theme: "Colorado State Beekeepers Association Summer Meeting June 15, 2013."— Presentation transcript:

1 Colorado State Beekeepers Association Summer Meeting June 15, 2013

2 The brain faces an energy crisis 18 to 20 hours of every day...

3 ... And we dont even know its happening until its too late!

4 1. The brain has no capacity to store fuel like most other organs and tissues of the body

5 2. The brain exists in a state of tension every minute of the 24-hour cycle and is on constant alert with respect to the provision of a continuous energy supply

6 3. The brains reserve fuel tank is quite small – only 75 to 80 grams on average - and the amount of fuel in the circulating blood is even smaller ~ 5 grams

7 4. The brain is highly selectively in its choice of fuels

8 5. The dietary habits of the average American (what we eat and when we eat it) keep the tank nearly empty most of the day

9 Running out of fuel is not an acceptable option for the brain

10 The body provides a low fuel indicator that alerts the brain to an impending low fuel status

11 The brain orchestrates the production of new fuel for itself by initiating a process called metabolic (adrenal-driven) stress

12 Is neuro-protective (protects the brain) Is automatic (we dont recognize that it is happening) Is not without consequences


14 Keep fuel in the tank

15 Maximize the liver glycogen yield (LGY) from every meal or snack (especially in the morning and at bedtime)

16 Avoid Liver Glycogen Depletion (Liver Glycogen Depletion is a normal consequence of food depravation, fasting, prolonged exercise, sleep and / or repeated over-consumption of glucose-rich foods.)

17 Consume foods containing both fructose and glucose (HONEY, fruits, and some vegetables) and/or amino acids (protein and nuts)

18 HONEY packs a dense caloric load - a small amount provides a relatively large amount of energy

19 HONEY presents the gut with a low digestive burden - absorption into the blood stream is rapid

20 HONEY contains substances that help to regulate insulin release from the pancreas

21 Ingestion of HONEY, with its nearly equal portions of fructose and glucose, results in immediate formation of liver glycogen

22 HONEY is a high-octane fuel providing more liver glycogen per gram than any other food

23 1 Tbsp of HONEY = 15 – 17 grams of liver glycogen Honey is the Gold Standard of carbohydrates

24 1 Tbsp of HONEY =

25 4 Tbsp of Peanut Butter (1/4 cup)

26 1 Tbsp of HONEY = 1/4 cup of Raisins or Dates

27 1 Tbsp of HONEY = ~ 6 oz of Chicken

28 1 Tbsp of HONEY = 3-4 oz Halibut, Pork chop or Hamburger

29 1 Tbsp of HONEY = 1 cup of Yogurt or other milk products

30 1 Tbsp of HONEY = 3 cups of Mashed Potatoes

31 1 Tbsp of HONEY = 4 cups of Carrots

32 1 Egg = 10 grams 3 Strips Bacon = 4.5 grams Wheat Toast & Honey = 30 grams Coffee with Cream = 2 grams 1 cup Fruit = 12-15 grams 1 cup OJ = 18 grams TOTAL LGY = 75 grams

33 Donut or pastry = 4 grams Coffee with Cream = 2 grams Cereal with Milk= 15 grams 1 cup Juice Drink = 2 grams TOTAL LGT = 23 grams

34 Avoid over-consumption of glucose rich foods such as: Breads Pasta Potatoes Soda Beverages Cereal Fat Free Foods

35 Rapid rise in blood glucose (blood sugar) Release of excessive levels of insulin Glucose driven into the cells Formation of high levels of triglycerides (fats) Little or no liver glycogen formation Repeated / chronic brain starvation

36 Over-consumption = Brain Starvation Repeated over-consumption = Chronic Brain Starvation

37 1.Sinha, MK, et al, Nocturnal Rise of Leptin in Lean, Obese, and Non-insulin-dependent Diabetes Mellitus Subjects, J Clin Invest 97(5): 1344-1347 (1996) 2.Turek, VF, et al, Mechanisms of Amylin/Leptin Synergy... Endocrinology Vol 151, No 1: 143-152 (2010) 3.Isidori, AM, et al, Leptin and Aging: Correlation with Endocrine Changes... The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism Vol 85, No 5; 1954-1962 9(2000) Reduced risk for Obesity & Diabetes Better Weight Control by regulation of the appetite hormones - leptin & ghrelin

38 Improved Cardiovascular Health from lowered levels of cortisol and adrenalin 1.Tengattini, S, et al, Cardiovascular Diseases: Protective Effects of Melatonin. J Pineal Res 2008 Jan; 44(1): 16-25 2.Chen Z, et al, Protective Effect of Melatonin on Myocardial Infarction, Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol (2003) 284: H1618-H1624

39 Reduced Risk of Thyroid Disease (Hypothyroidism) 1.Roos, A, et al, Thyroid Function is Associated with Components of the Metabolic Syndrome... J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2007 Feb; 92(2): 491-6 2.Demidova, OR, The Role of Thyroid Hypofunction in Development of Metabolic Syndrome, Ter Arkh 2009; 81(4) 69-73

40 Reduced risks for Osteoporosis, Menopausal Conditions, Infertility and GI Disease 1.Brown, JP, et al, Relations among Menopausal symptoms, Sleep Disturbance and Depressive Symptoms in Midlife, Maturitas Feb 20, 2009; 62(2): 184-9 2.Glucocorticoid Induced Osteoporosis, Bone and Tooth Society of Great Britain, the National Osteoporosis Society and the Royal College of Physicians (Pamphlet) 3.Bubenik, GA, Thirty Four Years Since the Discovery of Gastrointestinal Melatonin, J Physiol Pharmacol August 2008; 59 Suppl 2: 33-51

41 Improved Sleep Reduced risks for all the metabolic conditions associated with poor quality sleep

42 The reduction or prevention of nocturnal metabolic stress is the primary benefit of consuming honey before bedtime, impacting every system, organ, and tissue in the body. Sleep with Honey... Its good for your health!

43 Improved functional capacity for learning and memory

44 Reduced risks for Depression and Insomnia

45 Reduced Sleep Disordered Breathing or Sleep Apnea

46 Reduced risks for and/or prevention of Alzheimers Disease, Parkinsonism, other Neuro-degenerative Diseases

47 All of these conditions and diseases are associated with a decrease in REM (Rapid Eye Movement) sleep HONEY promotes REM sleep

48 consumption lowers triglycerides and increases HDL (good) cholesterol Honey consumption lowers triglycerides and increases HDL (good) cholesterol 1.Yaghoobi N, et al, Natural Honey and Cardiovascular Risk Factors; Effects of Blood Glucose, Cholesterol, Triacylglycerole, CRP, and Body Weight Compared to Sucrose, Scientific World Journal 2008, April 20; : 463-9 2.Bogdanov, Sephan, Honey in Medicine – A Review, Bee Product Science, 5 April, 2011

49 Honey reduces the inflammatory processes associated with many conditions of aging 1.Al-Waili, N, et al, Natural Honey Lowers Plasma Prostaglandin Concentrations in Normal Individuals, J Med Food, 2003 Summer; 6(2): 129-33

50 Honey reduces homocysteine (HCY) levels in the body HCY elevation is responsible for 10% of heart attack deaths each year 1.El-Saleh, SC, Honey Protects Against Homocysteine Elevation in Rats, Vascular Disease Prevention, Vol 3, No 4, November 2006, 313-318(6)

51 Fructose from HONEY recycles the enzyme in the liver necessary for detoxifying alcohol 1.Rang, HP, Dale MN, Fructose Recycling of NAD from NADH, Pharmacology, Churchill Livingstone 1991, Edinburgh Chapter 39, 890-1

52 HONEY improves immune system functioning 1.Al-Waili, N, et al, Effect of Honey on Antibody Production... In Primary and Secondary Immune Responses, J Med Foods, 7(4) 2004, 492-495 2.Zidon, J, et al, Prevention of Chemotherapy-Induced Neutropenia by special Honey Intake, Medical Oncology 2006, Vol 23, No 4, 549-55

53 HONEY is a potent antimicrobial for topical use 1.Traynor, J, Honey – The Gourmet Medicine, Kovak Books 2002 2.Henle T, et al, Identification and Quantification of MGO as the Dominant Antibacterial Constituent of Manuka Honey... Molecular Nutrition and Food Research 2008 April; 52(4): 483-9 3.Blair, S, Unpublished data presented by the author at the First International Symposium on Honey and Health, January 2008, Sacramento, CA

54 HONEY the gold standard food for rapid formation of liver glycogen

55 HONEY regulates and controls blood sugar and insulin levels

56 HONEY reduces or eliminates Metabolic Stress

57 HONEY promotes Recovery Sleep

58 HONEY prevents disease for some, lowers risks of disease for others, and improves or restores health for all

59 The regular consumption of 3 to 5 tablespoons per day of natural unfiltered honey* does all of this and more without side effects, risks or negative health consequences. * Health benefit information from research studies used in this presentation relates to natural unfiltered honey or specific honey varietals. Processed and blended honey may or may not provide similar benefits. Further study is needed to determine if health benefits are applicable to processed honey.

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