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Hivos | 20111. Hivos | 20142 Carbon Finance. Energy and Climate Smart Agriculture: a Development Perspective 1)Background: Hivos, an international development.

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Presentation on theme: "Hivos | 20111. Hivos | 20142 Carbon Finance. Energy and Climate Smart Agriculture: a Development Perspective 1)Background: Hivos, an international development."— Presentation transcript:

1 Hivos | 20111

2 Hivos | Carbon Finance. Energy and Climate Smart Agriculture: a Development Perspective 1)Background: Hivos, an international development organisation 2)Green Entrepreneurship and Climate Change 3)Domestic Biogas: 100% Clean Cooking and much more 4)Gold Standard Climate Smart Agriculture – Pilot Projects Harry Clemens, Hivos – presentation Gold Standard Conference, Zurich, 11 March 2014 Gold Standard Conference, 11 March 2014

3 |3 People Unlimited

4 Hivos | ) Green Entrepreneurship and Climate Change Carbon Credits as co-financing source for Renewable Energy Hivos Climate Fund buying carbon credits from NBP Cambodia since 2007, registered VGS since 2011 Development of Gold Standard and CDM projects for domestic biogas programmes in Indonesia, Kenya/ Africa, Nicaragua Climate Smart Agriculture --> PES & Carbon Finance -- > same principles, but different specifics = multiple environmental services = = less carbon revenues =

5 Hivos | ) Green Entrepreneurship and Climate Change Climate Smart Agriculture Development Objective: Food Security at global and local level, but -Acknowledging planet boundaries -Improved productivity (incl soil fertility) of smallholders is key to increase rural incomes and employment -Adaptation to climate change is imperative / resilience (even necessary without climate change) + Biobased Economy: beyond food: agriculture/ nature needs to provide more products to replace fossil based economy

6 . e.g. Africa Biogas Partnership Programme Domestic Biogas = 100% Clean Cooking 3) Domestic Biogas

7 Domestic biogas Design: fixed dome (4-13m³) Local materials & resources Feeding: livestock manure & human excreta (> 20 kg daily) Investment cost Africa: USD Life: > 20 years Gas use: cooking & lighting Bio-slurry: organic fertiliser Design: fixed dome (4-13m³) Local materials & resources Feeding: livestock manure & human excreta (> 20 kg daily)

8 Multiple Benefits

9 Environment Energy Health & sanitation Agriculture Economy

10 Use & Benefits of Bio-slurry

11 Hivos | Gold Standard Climate Smart Agriculture 1)Peru: conversion from wet rice system to a system with banana/ cocoa & (high value) shade trees 2)Nicaragua: farm restoration from degraded land (coffee, fruit trees and other) 3)Kenya: usage of bio-slurry from biogas digester as alternative fertiliser Hivos Pilot projects to test new CSA methodology

12 Hivos | Gold Standard Climate Smart Agriculture Implementing partner: CEPICAFE - assisted by Proclimate / Progreso Foundation 1) Peru: conversion from wet rice systems to a system with banana/cocoa & (high value) shade trees

13 Hivos | Gold Standard Climate Smart Agriculture Land conversion from rice to banana/ cocoa/ timber Feasibility assessment has been completed in 2013 Emission reduction potential calculated with Cool Farm Tool BE (rice) 16,5 tCO2e/ha PE 1,4 -> ER 15,1 tCO2e/ha 1) Peru: conversion from rice to banana and cocoa with shade trees Experience with CarbonFix in coffee region/ reforestation - initial project 250 farmers, ha (will be expanded)

14 Hivos | Gold Standard Climate Smart Agriculture Implementing partners: CEDECO (Costa Rica) & PRODECOOP (Nicaragua) CEDECO has developed Cam(Bio)2 methodology 3 components: SOC, GHG ER (incl fertilizer change) and Energy efficiency 2) Nicaragua: farm restoration from degraded land (coffee, fruit trees and other)

15 Hivos | Gold Standard Climate Smart Agriculture Implementing partners: CEDECO (Costa Rica) & PRODECOOP (Nica) PRODECOOP: total 2,300 members, 4,295 ha; pilot project on 2 coops 262 members (incl 75 women) Baseline studies ongoing (soil, biomass, emissions, socio-economic, food security, biodiversity) Measures: composting, shade/ biomass/ fruit trees?, other? 2) Nicaragua: farm restoration from degraded land (coffee, fruit trees and other)

16 Hivos | Gold Standard Climate Smart Agriculture 2) Nicaragua: farm restoration from degraded land (coffee, fruit trees and other)

17 Hivos | Gold Standard Climate Smart Agriculture 2) Nicaragua: farm restoration from degraded land (coffee, fruit trees and other)

18 Hivos | Gold Standard Climate Smart Agriculture Implementing partner: Kenya National Farmers Federation KENAFF (formerly KENFAP) - Kenya Domestic Biogas Programme KENDBIP Already CDM/GS certified (registered at CDM) as a Renewable Energy ER project We would like to add ER effect of bio-slurry : (fertilizer replacement, other?) -> bio-slurry liquid application, dried or composted 3) Kenya: usage of bio-slurry from biogas digester as alternative fertiliser

19 Hivos | Gold Standard Climate Smart Agriculture We would like to add ER effect of bio-slurry : (fertilizer replacement, other?) -> bio-slurry liquid application, dried or composted Pre feasibility study done by Soil & More (model simulation with tea producers) Biogas User Survey – data collected in Kenya and Indonesia about soil features, crops and fertiliser use Replicable to other domestic biogas projects 3) Kenya: usage of bio-slurry from biogas digester as alternative fertiliser

20 Hivos | Thanks for your attention Harry Clemens hivos.org www. hivos. org


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