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Gold Economics Jake Bishop & Nick Tolley. Properties of gold Gold is bright yellow and has a high luster It is the most malleable and ductile of all the.

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Presentation on theme: "Gold Economics Jake Bishop & Nick Tolley. Properties of gold Gold is bright yellow and has a high luster It is the most malleable and ductile of all the."— Presentation transcript:

1 Gold Economics Jake Bishop & Nick Tolley

2 Properties of gold Gold is bright yellow and has a high luster It is the most malleable and ductile of all the metals Unaffected by heat, air, moisture, and most solvents Gold nuggets are the purest forms of gold found in the environment Excellent conductor of electricity Weighed in Troy weight values

3 History Gold discovered around 3000 BC, and has always been a sign of wealth and power for its beauty, resilience, rareness, and malleability The first pure gold coin is minted in Lydia, Asia Minor in 506 BC The first US gold rush occurred in 1803 in North Carolina, followed by California in 1848 Gold is commonly alloyed with baser metals

4 Mining Process

5 1/2/3. Mining/Crushing/Transport Open pit and underground Samples taken from site and separated Harder areas use blasting before excavation Trucks haul the ore to crushers Conveyer belts transport ore to the grinding mill

6 4/5. Grinding/Leaching Grinding mill (Ball mill) Final product must be 80% <70 microns Leaching dissolves the gold and silver Mixture of lime, water, and cyanide solution Dissolved gold and silver processed in absorption tanks Carbon granules absorb the gold and silver

7 6/7. Elution/Production Loaded carbon granules fed into elution columns Result is a gold and silver bearing sludge Mixture is put into furnace then poured into molds for production

8 Cost of Mining and Extraction Costs vary from mine to mine Mining is very energy intensive Labor costs increasing cost-of-mining-gold http://www.businessinsider.com/the- cost-of-mining-gold

9 The Gold Standard Gold Standard: A currency system basing values on a worth equal to an amount in precious metals, namely gold and silver BB EEA BB EEA Bimetallic Standard ( ) 371 grain silver coin defined the dollar Gold coins authorized in denominations of $10 (eagle) and $2.50 (quarter- eagle) Silver to Gold mint ratio was 15 to 1 Because silver was cheaper, silver coins were primarily for domestic use and gold coins for purchases abroad Congress tried to restore gold coins use domestically By 1850, silver coins had practically disappeared No gold coins representing fractions of a dollar, so in 1853, they authorized silver coins for less than $1

10 The Gold Standard Fiat Paper Money issued in 1862 True Gold Standard ( ) In 1879, US omitted the silver dollar The End of the Gold Standard: 1933 A wave of bank runs resulted in massive bank failures For Fed to generate enough cash to meet publics demand, it needed to produce a LOT more Creating paper money would create doubts about the USs ability to remain on gold Greater doubts led to more exporting of gold, reducing gold reserves, making it harder to maintain the dollar at its gold value

11 Other Uses Investment Jewelry Catalysts Reflective Ability Electronics Medicine Dentistry

12 Production and Consumption ap/ ap/

13 Price Gold prices were fairly steady preceding the 1970s ($19-$22/oz.) Bretton Woods System In 1971, our inflation and trade deficit, among other things, started to undermine the value of the dollar US abandons this system and adopts a floating exchange rate Starts to rise in mid 70s because it could be publicly traded with little government intervention People tend to invest in gold regardless of price, as it is a safe haven on the financial market Today, 1 oz. = $1,241

14 Gold demand Both private and government demands During the Gold Standard Era, government demand was purely monetary gold Private Investment Non-investment

15 Gold Supply Essentially comes from mining Twice as much gold was mined during the gold rush years (19 th century) than previous history Huge boom in production in the 20 th century Fluctuating supply shows that deposits are diminishing and becoming more economically unfeasible to extract 1.USA 2.Germany 3.Italy 4.France 5.China 6.Switzerland 7.Russia 8.Japan 9.Netherlands 10.India 8,973 tons 3,390 tons 2,452 tons 2,435 tons 1,054 tons 1,040 tons 1,015 tons 765 tons 613 tons 558 tons

16 Elasticity Supply is extremely inelastic Mining is biggest supplier Very time consuming Demand is extremely elastic Jewelry is the biggest demand and is very price sensitive Quarter – Year | Quantity demanded (in thousand tons) | Price ($US bn) | Price Elasticity | Q1 – 08 | 13.4 | 450 | - | Q2 – 08 | 15 | 521 | 0.76 | Q3 – 08 | 18.8 | 672 | 0.87 | Q4 – 08 | 14 | 548 | 1.38 | Q1 – 09 | 9.6 | 329 | 0.79 | Q2 – 09 | 12.8 | 431 | 1.08 | Q3 – 09 | 15.1 | 490 | 1.31 | Q4 – 09 | 18.1 | 511 | 4.64 | Q1 – 10 | 18.6 | 521 | 1.41 | Q2 – 10 | 16.3 | 422 | 0.65 | Q3 – 10 | 21.3 | 541 | 1.09 | Q4 – 10 | 25.3 | 575 | 2.99 |

17 Substitutes Platinum- ($1,350 per oz.) Palladium- ($710 per oz.) Silver- ($19.20 per oz.) Rhodium- ($925 per oz.)

18 References "10 Countries Anxiously Watching Their Massive Gold Hoards Fall In Value." Business Insider. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 Dec "Current Gold Price Chart - Price of Gold - Spot Gold Price Per Ounce." Current Gold Price Chart - Price of Gold - Spot Gold Price Per Ounce. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 Dec "Gold." - Element Information, Properties and Uses. N.p., n.d. Web. 03 Dec "Historical Gold Charts and Data - London Fix." Historical Gold Charts and Data - London Fix. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 Dec "Price Elasticity of Gold" StudyMode.com Reeves, Jeff. "Five Alternatives to Gold." Market Watch. N.p., Web http://www.marketwatch.com/story/five-alternatives-to-gold "The Mining Proccess." Waihi Gold. N.p.. Web. 14 Nov "Total Reserves (includes Gold, Current US$)." Data. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 Dec Van Eeden, Paul. "Understanding Gold." Understanding Gold by Paul Van Eeden. N.p., n.d. Web. 03 Dec Wai, Wong, Leong Eugene, and Arun Mujumudar. "Gold Extraction and Recovery Proccesses." M3TC. (2009): n. page. Web. 3 Dec Extraction and Recovery Processes.pdf Extraction and Recovery Processes.pdf

19 Questions


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