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California Author: Chernenko Alena Supervisor: S.V.Titova (September 2009)

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Presentation on theme: "California Author: Chernenko Alena Supervisor: S.V.Titova (September 2009)"— Presentation transcript:

1 California Author: Chernenko Alena Supervisor: S.V.Titova (September 2009)

2 The USA States California

3 General information Capital: SacramentoCapital: Sacramento Largest city: Los AngelesLargest city: Los Angeles Area: km²Area: km² (3 rd place in the USA) (3 rd place in the USA) Population: Population: (1 st place in the USA) (1 st place in the USA) Density of population: 83 /km²Density of population: 83 /km² Admittance into Union: 31 st September 9,1850Admittance into Union: 31 st September 9,1850 More habitual language by use: English, SpanishMore habitual language by use: English, Spanish Nickname: The Golden StateNickname: The Golden State Motto: Eureka!Motto: Eureka! Song: I Love You, CaliforniaSong: I Love You, California

4 Brief history of the State 1848 Establishing of the California Republic 1542 First Europeans settled on that territory Building of the transcontinental railroad Admittance to USA

5 The California Gold Rush The California Gold Rush ( ) a period in American history marked by mass hysteria concerning a gold discovery in Northern California, also marked by mass migrations into California by people, seeking an easy fortune. The rush started at near Sutter's Mill on the 24th of January, Rumors surfaced very soon, and the inevitable wave of immigration from around the world flooded California. The gold rush stimulated considerable development of the region.The California Gold Rush ( ) a period in American history marked by mass hysteria concerning a gold discovery in Northern California, also marked by mass migrations into California by people, seeking an easy fortune. The rush started at near Sutter's Mill on the 24th of January, Rumors surfaced very soon, and the inevitable wave of immigration from around the world flooded California. The gold rush stimulated considerable development of the region.

6 Geographical position California borders the Pacific Ocean, Oregon, Nevada, Arizona, and the Mexican State of Baja California del Norte.California borders the Pacific Ocean, Oregon, Nevada, Arizona, and the Mexican State of Baja California del Norte. The state has striking natural features, including a huge fertile central valley, high mountains, and hot dry deserts.The state has striking natural features, including a huge fertile central valley, high mountains, and hot dry deserts.

7 Climate Most of the state has a Mediterranean climate, with rainy winters and dry summers. As one moves away from the coast, the climate becomes more continental, with hotter summers and colder winters. Westerly winds from the ocean also bring moisture, and the northern parts of the state generally receive higher rainfall than the south. Northwestern California has a temperate climate.Most of the state has a Mediterranean climate, with rainy winters and dry summers. As one moves away from the coast, the climate becomes more continental, with hotter summers and colder winters. Westerly winds from the ocean also bring moisture, and the northern parts of the state generally receive higher rainfall than the south. Northwestern California has a temperate climate.

8 Law and Government State Government Executive brunch J JJ Judicial Branch The Governor of the State SenateSenate AssemblyAssembly The Supreme Court Of California Legislative brunch

9 Economy California is responsible for 14% of American gross domestic productCalifornia is responsible for 14% of American gross domestic product Main industries: Agriculture (predominant industry) Aerospace industry Entertainment industry Light manufacturing and industry of high technologies Tourism

10 Natural recourses Mineral resources: Oil Gold Gas Coal Iron

11 Population According to Census Bureau estimates, California is the most populous state in the U.S., and contains 12% of its total population.According to Census Bureau estimates, California is the most populous state in the U.S., and contains 12% of its total population. Nither male nor female population make up the majorityNither male nor female population make up the majority

12 Racial breakdown of the population of California 4,7% 32,4% 46,7% 6,7% 10,9%

13 Density of population < 1 1 … … … … … … … … … 5000 > 5000 Source: U.S. Census Bureau Population per sq mile

14 Transportation networks Intercity rail system links the major points of the State. San Francisco and Los Angeles both have rapid subway networks, in addition to light rail.Intercity rail system links the major points of the State. San Francisco and Los Angeles both have rapid subway networks, in addition to light rail. California has an extensive system of motorwaysCalifornia has an extensive system of motorways Los Angeles International AirportLos Angeles International Airport several excellent seaportsseveral excellent seaports

15 Religion 44% 32% 4% 14%

16 San Francisco San Francisco is the fourth- largest city in the state of California, in terms of population. Widely-recognized symbols of San Francisco are the Golden Gate Bridge and the Transamerica Pyramid.San Francisco is the fourth- largest city in the state of California, in terms of population. Widely-recognized symbols of San Francisco are the Golden Gate Bridge and the Transamerica Pyramid.

17 Golden Gate is the strait connecting a gulf of San Francisco with the Pacific ocean.Golden Gate is the strait connecting a gulf of San Francisco with the Pacific ocean. Golden Gate

18 The Transamerica Pyramid The Transamerica Pyramid is the tallest and most recognizable skyscraper in San Francisco. It has a height of 260 meters and contains 48 floors.The Transamerica Pyramid is the tallest and most recognizable skyscraper in San Francisco. It has a height of 260 meters and contains 48 floors.

19 Los Angeles Los Angeles is the largest city of the State, famous as the world capital of film making industry. It is also an important center of music, art, and architecture. As for sport, Los Angeles hosted two Olympic Games.Los Angeles is the largest city of the State, famous as the world capital of film making industry. It is also an important center of music, art, and architecture. As for sport, Los Angeles hosted two Olympic Games.

20 HOLLYWOOD Hollywood is a district of the City of Los Angeles, traditionally associated with whole American cinematography and film making industry due to its fame of a major center of movie studios and film stars.Hollywood is a district of the City of Los Angeles, traditionally associated with whole American cinematography and film making industry due to its fame of a major center of movie studios and film stars.

21 Silicon Valley Silicon Valley is a nickname for the southern part of California, USA, defined by the entire concentration of high tech businesses.Silicon Valley is a nickname for the southern part of California, USA, defined by the entire concentration of high tech businesses. The name of that region was originally referring to the usage of silicon as the semiconductor in manufacturing of microprocessors and in chip innovations, but eventually is becoming a metaphor

22 Yosemite National Park Yosemite National Park is a national park largely situated in Mariposa County, and Tuolumne County, California, USAYosemite National Park is a national park largely situated in Mariposa County, and Tuolumne County, California, USA The park covers an area of approximately 3000 km² and stretches across the western slopes of the Sierra Nevada mountain range. There are several notable park features: Yosemite Falls Yosemite Valley Half Dome El Capitan Mariposa Grove

23 Death Valley Death Valley is a deep dry basin in the northern Mojave Desert of southern California, extending for approximately 225 km along the California-Nevada border. The valley received its name in 1849 during the California gold rush by emigrants who tried to cross the valley on their way to the gold fields.

24 Resources and links

25 Thank you for your attention


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