Presentation on theme: "Aim: How did great empires influence the history of Africa?"— Presentation transcript:
1Aim: How did great empires influence the history of Africa? Do Now: Make a list of 5 things that make a civilization great.Homework: Handout –”Ibn Battuta Travels to Mali”Global II – Mr. McEntarfer
2Instructional Objectives We will be able to:Describe the characteristics of the kingdoms of West Africa.Describe how cultural diffusion affected West African religion.Agenda:Do NowMini-lecture (slides)Reading ActivitySummaryRegents Practice (if time)Homework
3Why might it be difficult to learn about African history? Oral TraditionThe Griots of AfricaWhy might it be difficult to learn about African history?
4What geographic features affected the African Kingdoms? How?
5The Gold and Salt TradeCaravans brought salt south to Ghana and returned north with gold from areas southwest of Ghana.Ghana came to be known as the “Gold Coast.”Question: Why do you think salt was so valuable?
6Early trade routes in Ghana What geographical feature did the trade routes cross north of Ghana? How do you think goods were transported? What was traded?Early trade routes in Ghana
8TimbuktuTimbuktu became the center of West African gold and salt trade across the Sahara Desert.Center of learning that attracted students from Europe, Africa and Asia. Many of whom studied the Quran.Mali’s King Mansa Musa brought back scholars and architects from his pilgrimage to Mecca here.How was Timbuktu different from other trading cities like Venice and Canton?
9Timbuktu today. The books below are over 400 years old.
10Activity – Guided Reading (285-287) Part I – IndependentGroups of Three (1. Ghana 2. Mali 3. Songhai).Use the reading on pages and fill in four facts about each African kingdom in the boxes. For each kingdom give information about:It’s locationSources of wealthReligion practicedGreat Leaders and their accomplishmentsPart II – Come together as a groupAs a group fill in the last box on all three African Kingdoms, which asks you to identify the similarities between the kingdoms of Ghana, Mali and Songhai.Part III – Share out on the board.
15Review Notes Ghana Mali Location – Niger and Senegal Rivers Religion – Islam diffused from N. AfricaEconomy – Controlled gold and salt trade across the SaharaLeadership – King was semi-divine and very wealthyMaliLocated - Niger RiverReligion – IslamEconomy – Controlled gold and salt trade caravansLeadership – Mansa Musa expanded empire and converted to Islam. Went on a pilgrimage to Mecca and spread Middle eastern ideas in West Africa.
16Review Notes Songhai Ghana, Mali and Songhai Located - Niger River Religion – Islamic state set up after Sonni Ali’s deathEconomy – Brought salt and gold trade under their control, including Timbuktu.Leadership – Sonni Ali used a powerful army to forge a large empire, not a Muslim.Ghana, Mali and SonghaiLocated - Niger River, bordered the Sahara Desert.Religion – All kingdoms adapted Islam (cultural diffusion)Economy – All controlled the salt and gold trade and Timbuktu.Leadership – Wealthy and powerful kings adapted Islam, except Sonni Ali.
17Summary Questions Why were these West African Kingdoms so wealthy? Why did these civilizations develop along the Niger River?Why was Timbuktu such an important city?What religion was practiced in all of these kingdoms?Why is Mansa Musa such an important figure in West African history?