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Do Now: Make a list of 5 things that make a civilization great. Aim: How did great empires influence the history of Africa? Homework : Handout – Ibn Battuta.

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Presentation on theme: "Do Now: Make a list of 5 things that make a civilization great. Aim: How did great empires influence the history of Africa? Homework : Handout – Ibn Battuta."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Do Now: Make a list of 5 things that make a civilization great. Aim: How did great empires influence the history of Africa? Homework : Handout – Ibn Battuta Travels to Mali Global II – Mr. McEntarfer

3 Instructional Objectives We will be able to: We will be able to: –Describe the characteristics of the kingdoms of West Africa. –Describe how cultural diffusion affected West African religion. Agenda : Do Now Mini-lecture (slides) Reading Activity Summary Regents Practice (if time) Homework

4 Oral Tradition The Griots of Africa The Griots of Africa Why might it be difficult to learn about African history?

5 What geographic features affected the African Kingdoms? How?

6 The Gold and Salt Trade Caravans brought salt south to Ghana and returned north with gold from areas southwest of Ghana. Caravans brought salt south to Ghana and returned north with gold from areas southwest of Ghana. Ghana came to be known as the Gold Coast. Ghana came to be known as the Gold Coast. Question: Why do you think salt was so valuable?

7 What geographical feature did the trade routes cross north of Ghana? How do you think goods were transported? What was traded? Early trade routes in Ghana Early trade routes in Ghana

8 What does this wall represent?

9 Timbuktu Timbuktu became the center of West African gold and salt trade across the Sahara Desert. Timbuktu became the center of West African gold and salt trade across the Sahara Desert. Center of learning that attracted students from Europe, Africa and Asia. Many of whom studied the Quran. Center of learning that attracted students from Europe, Africa and Asia. Many of whom studied the Quran. Malis King Mansa Musa brought back scholars and architects from his pilgrimage to Mecca here. Malis King Mansa Musa brought back scholars and architects from his pilgrimage to Mecca here. How was Timbuktu different from other trading cities like Venice and Canton?

10 Timbuktu today. The books below are over 400 years old.

11 Activity – Guided Reading ( ) Part I – Independent Groups of Three (1. Ghana 2. Mali 3. Songhai). Use the reading on pages and fill in four facts about each African kingdom in the boxes. For each kingdom give information about: Its location Sources of wealth Religion practiced Great Leaders and their accomplishments Part II – Come together as a group As a group fill in the last box on all three African Kingdoms, which asks you to identify the similarities between the kingdoms of Ghana, Mali and Songhai. Part III – Share out on the board.

12 Share-out Ghana

13 Mali

14 Songhai

15 Ghana, Mali and Songhai

16 Review Notes Ghana Ghana –Location – Niger and Senegal Rivers –Religion – Islam diffused from N. Africa –Economy – Controlled gold and salt trade across the Sahara –Leadership – King was semi-divine and very wealthy Mali Mali –Located - Niger River –Religion – Islam –Economy – Controlled gold and salt trade caravans –Leadership – Mansa Musa expanded empire and converted to Islam. Went on a pilgrimage to Mecca and spread Middle eastern ideas in West Africa.

17 Review Notes Songhai Songhai –Located - Niger River –Religion – Islamic state set up after Sonni Alis death –Economy – Brought salt and gold trade under their control, including Timbuktu. –Leadership – Sonni Ali used a powerful army to forge a large empire, not a Muslim. Ghana, Mali and Songhai Ghana, Mali and Songhai –Located - Niger River, bordered the Sahara Desert. –Religion – All kingdoms adapted Islam (cultural diffusion) –Economy – All controlled the salt and gold trade and Timbuktu. –Leadership – Wealthy and powerful kings adapted Islam, except Sonni Ali.

18 Summary Questions Why were these West African Kingdoms so wealthy? Why were these West African Kingdoms so wealthy? Why did these civilizations develop along the Niger River? Why did these civilizations develop along the Niger River? Why was Timbuktu such an important city? Why was Timbuktu such an important city? What religion was practiced in all of these kingdoms? What religion was practiced in all of these kingdoms? Why is Mansa Musa such an important figure in West African history? Why is Mansa Musa such an important figure in West African history?

19 Regents Practice

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