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Compost the Black Gold presented by Ray Robinson nnmastergardeners.org.

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Presentation on theme: "Compost the Black Gold presented by Ray Robinson nnmastergardeners.org."— Presentation transcript:

1 Compost the Black Gold presented by Ray Robinson nnmastergardeners.org

2 What is Compost? Decomposed organic material

3 Why Compost? Recycling, reduce waste Improves the soil Adds nutrients to the soil Food for plants Environmentally responsible Monetary benefit

4 What Can be Composted?

5 Just Say No To Garden and Lawn Drugs

6 Outline Overview Virginia Techs new interdisciplinary offering - Organic Horticulture and Landscape Systems A Bit on Soil Biology and Healthy Soil Composting and Compost Use Vermicomposting

7 Compost Happens! presented by Bill Garlette nnmastergardeners.org

8 Up Front Slides The First Priority: How??? Balance Healthy Plants Healthy Soil Biologically Active Soil

9 Up Front Slides The First Priority: How??? Compost Insect Diversity Plant Diversity Obey the Seven Organic Rules And…

10 95% of Pest and Disease Control is attributable to plant health. 99%+ of Plant Health is dependent on healthy soil. 100% of Soil Health is dependent on good organic content and biological diversity. 100% of Soil Health problems are due to chemicals, pesticides and other man-made interference.

11 Seven Organic Rules 1. Always use the best adapted varieties for each environment. 2. Plant in the preferred season. 3. Balance the mineral content of the soil. 4. Build and maintain the soil organic content – humus. 5. Do nothing to harm the beneficial soil life. 6. Consider troublesome insects and diseases as symptoms of one of the above rules having been violated 7. Be patient. Mother Nature gives birth, but Father Time controls the cycles - from Lessons in Nature by Malcolm Beck

12 Remember Soil is at the root of all your plant problems!

13 And Feed the Soil and Itll Feed the Plants!

14 Its Alive!!! Just like Plants and Animals; The Soil is Alive! We Have to Treat It the Same As Other Living Things

15 What We Dread Germs – Disease Bugs Weeds

16 The Outcome If we win the war to control Nature, we WILL be on the losing side!

17 Principals of Organic Horticulture We focus on pollution of the: Atmosphere - Air Hydrosphere - Water Biosphere – Flora & Fauna, Us But not the Lithosphere – The Soil

18 Principals of Organic Horticulture Figure Out The Fertilizer Whats This Good For?

19 Principals of Organic Horticulture Figure Out The Fertilizer And This?

20 The Questions Can You Figure Out What Vitamins, Minerals, Nutrients You Should Take For A Week? Would You Want a Weeks Worth of Meals for Sunday Dinner?

21 Here Are The Basic Plant Needs Carbon (C)Iron (Fe) Hydrogen (H)Boron (B) Oxygen (O)Zinc (Zn) Nitrogen (N)Copper (Cu) Phosphorus (P)Manganese (Mn) Potassium (K)Molybdenum (Mo) Magnesium (Mg)Chlorine (Cl) Calcium (Ca)Cobalt (Co) Sulfur (S) = 17 Basic needs

22 Dont Forget, Those Are Just The Elementals. Then You Have: Amino Acids Humic & Fulvic Acids Photosynthetic Sugars Mycorrhizal Fungi And Lots More Stuff In The Plant & Soil Food Web

23 Principals of Organic Horticulture But This One Tells The Tale!! Importance of Proper Mineral Balance – If One is Out of Balance, It Effects Others in a Detrimental Manner

24 Principals of Organic Horticulture How did plants survive B.C. (Before Chemicals)?

25 The Soil Food Web is comprised of microorganisms that provide nutrients and health to the plants as well as the soil. Principals of Organic Horticulture

26 Principals of Organic Horticulture Function of Soil Organisms

27

28 Fill a Swimming Pool with Salt = Osmotic Shock

29 Principals of Organic Horticulture Function of Soil Organisms Just Say No To Garden and Lawn Drugs = Osmotic Shock

30 Principals of Organic Horticulture Function of Soil Organisms Soil Soil microbes Plants Herbivores Carnivores Omnivores Everybody Feeds the Soil

31 Principals of Organic Horticulture Function of Soil Organisms If the microbes in the soil are disrupted and the nutrient cycle is out of balance then we have the recipe for Pest, Weeds and Pathogens. If the microbes in the soil are disrupted and the nutrient cycle is out of balance then we have the recipe for Pest, Weeds and Pathogens.

32 Principals of Organic Horticulture Caring For The Soil As A Living System Three Aspects of Soil Health & Fertility Physical Chemical – Organic Chemistry: cations – anions Biological Requirements of a Living System Food Air Water Shelter – Soil structure & Conservation Living Organism - Biota

33 Principals of Organic Horticulture Caring For The Soil As A Living System The Organic Matter Cycle & The Soil Food Web

34 Principals of Organic Horticulture Feeding the Soil a Balanced Diet Compost Cover Crops Organic Mulches Other Organic Residues Lime, Other Natural Minerals and Organic Nutrients

35 Questions?

36 Compost Happens

37 Dont Do This At Home!

38 Do This, Instead

39 Why Compost Healthier Soil & Plants More Soil Biology No Chemistry 501 Less –Icides (Pest, Herb, Fung) Less Chemical Fertilizers Less Chemical Stink Less $$$

40 Why Compost Bottom Line Cheap Simple No Chemicals which Kill the Soil Organisms Better Plant and Water Quality

41 What is Composting?

42

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44 What Are The Types Of Composting?

45 Yard Waste (Thermal), Worm, Biosolids & Compost Tea Worm Your Way Into Composting!

46 Compost Can Be Used To: Add Beneficial Organisms Add Nutrients Help Sandy Soil Hold Moisture Loosen Heavy Clay Soils Make Potting Soil Mulch

47 Excellent Compost Materials

48 GREENIES (Nitrogen) Coffee Grounds Cover Crops Seaweed Vegetable scraps Egg shells Fruit Weeds Grass clippings 40% "BROWNIES (Carbon) Hay Leaves Straw Nutshells Shredded paper Pine needles Saw dust Garden stalks 60%

49 Other Excellent Sources Of Compost

50 My Friend Flicka

51 Elsie the Cow

52 Bugs Bunny

53 And all the Friends of the Colonel

54 Dont Use

55 Rin Tin Tins Residue

56 Sylvesters Exhaust

57 Or Little Johnnys John Quests

58 More Problem Stuff Disease & insect infested plants Noxious weeds Meat scraps Dairy products Cooking oils & grease


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