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ANSI Z245 For the solid waste and recycling industry.

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Presentation on theme: "ANSI Z245 For the solid waste and recycling industry."— Presentation transcript:

1 ANSI Z245 For the solid waste and recycling industry

2 WASTEC STAFF Janice Comer Bradley Executive Vice President ANSI Secretariat Caija Owens Program Manager ANSI Z245

3 Waste Equipment Technology Association Trade Association for manufacturers, distributors and service providers to the solid waste and recycling industry WASTEC

4 WASTE EQUIPMENT STANDARDS WASTEC is the Secretariat for the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) Z245 Committee, which develops all of the equipment safety standards for the waste industry. Organizations, companies, government agencies, individuals, etc., having a direct and material interest in the activities of the Committee.

5 Manufacturer Establish performance requirements for products design test procedures to assess conformity to those requirements convey information Others select the right product understand its application, use and limitations WHAT IS A STANDARD?

6 STANDARDS ARE THE BUILDING BLOCKS FOR INNOVATION AND COMPETITIVENESS. TODAY, MORE THAN EVER, STANDARDS ARE AN IMPERATIVE UNDERTAKING OUR NATIONS ABILITY TO COMPETE AND LEAD IN A RAPIDLY CHANGING GLOBAL ECONOMY IS CLOSELY RELATED TO OUR LEADERSHIP IN THE DEVELOPMENT AND EFFECTIVE USE OF STANDARDS AND STANDARDIZATION PROCESSES. STANDARDS PROVIDE THE COMMON LANGUAGE THAT KEEPS DOMESTIC AND INTERNATIONAL TRADE FLOWING. IT IS DIFFICULT TO OVERESTIMATE THEIR CRITICAL VALUE TO BOTH THE U.S. AND GLOBAL ECONOMY.

7 ANSI is a federation that manages the voluntary standards system in the United States. Coordinate the activities of organizations in the US that do develop standards. Sets the rules Oversees the process Approves the final products as American National Standards WHO IS ANSI Z245

8 Standards development processes incorporate the elements of Openness Balance Transparency Consensus Due process ANSI RULES

9 Government agencies incorporate them into regulations Accept them as established industry practice Citations International trade WHAT IS OSHAS ROLE?

10 Waste Equipment Standards ANSI Z245 ASC FULL COMMITTEE WASTEC is the Secretariat for the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) Z245 Committee, which develops all of the equipment safety standards for the waste industry. Organizations, companies, government agencies, individuals, etc., having a direct and material interest in the activities of the Committee.

11 SC 1 Mobile Equipment SC 2 Stationary Compactors SC 3 Carts &Containers - Safety SC 4 Recycling Facilities SC 5 Baling Equipment SC 6 Carts & Containers – Compatibility SC 7 Size Reduction Equipment ANSI Z245 COMMITTEE STRUTURE Z245 Accredited Standards Committee (ASC) Consensus approval body

12 Mobile Wastes and Recyclable Materials Collection, Transportation, and Compaction Equipment ANSI Z245 SC 1 SUBCOMMITTEE

13 To establish safety and design requirements for the manufacture, reconstruction, modification, maintenance, service, and operation of mobile collecting, transporting, and compacting equipment, and the installation (where applicable) of accessory equipment. ANSI Z245 SC 1 SCOPE OF WORK

14 ANSI Z245 SC 1: NEW SECTIONS SINCE 2008 STANDARD ANSI Z245.1 – 2012 Mobile Wastes & Recyclables Materials Collection, Transportation, & Compaction Equipment New sections: 6.3 Supervision –Monitoring the employees activities and taking action to ensure adherence to safe practices Ladders Fall Protection 7.4 Safety Practices Ladder Use –3 pt contact Fall Protection Use

15 ANSI Z245 SC 1: ACCOMPLISHMENTS Revised Definitions and Descriptions Revised Rear Loader Lifting Device Requirement Annex was Added to Include Front Loader Hopper, Fork and Container Compatibility Dimensions Ladder Requirements Included Fall Protection Included

16 ANSI Z245 SC 1: FUTURE GOALS/PROJECTS Explore Battery Disconnects – address fires Revisit Safety Labels Safety Precautions for Alternative Fuel Trucks Riding Step Anthropometric Review Rear Vision Camera Requirement

17 Safety Requirements for the Installation, Maintenance, and Operation of Stationary Compactors ANSI Z245 SC 2 SUBCOMMITTEE

18 To continuously improve safety requirements eliminating hazards and risks associated with stationary compactors for users, owners, and manufacturers. ANSI Z245 SC 2 SCOPE OF WORK

19 ANSI Z245 SC 2 STANDARDS ANSI Z245.2 – 2008 Safety Requirements for Installation, Training, Maintenance, Operation, Modification, & Repair ANSI Z – 2008 (revision expected 2012) Safety Requirements for Manufacturing & Reconstruction

20 ANSI Z245 SC 2: UPDATES IN 2012 REVISION Updated Definitions Standardize and Harmonize with other Z245 Standards Updated Equipment Drawings 3-D Finalized Safety Signage & Decals Per ANSI Z-535 Std. Signal Word, Picture Graph, & Verbiage Relationship With UL Third Party Certification or Self Certification Arc Flash/Blast Requirements & Responsibilities NEC NFPA-70E

21 ANSI Z245 SC 2: UPDATES IN 2012 REVISION Applied Sections of Nationally Recognized Standards Through Normative References OSHA CFR Part 146 Confined Space Part 147 Lockout/Tagout Part 132 Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) NFPA 70 NEC 2008 Section 110 Requirements for Electrical Installatio ns

22 ANSI Z245 SC 2: UPDATES IN 2012 REVISION Updated Definitions Defined Terminology Access Opening/Cover vs. Loading door Loading Hopper vs. Loading Chamber Emergency Stop vs. Intermittent Stop Reconstruction vs. Modification Employee vs. Authorized Employee Loader vs. Operator Manual Operation vs. Auto Operation Systems vs. Single Machine

23 ANSI Z245 SC 2: UPDATES IN 2012 REVISION Defined Requirements & Responsibilities Manufacturers & Re-Manufacturers Owners Installers Users Authorized Operators Affected Employee Unauthorized People Continued Safety Training

24 ANSI Z245 SC 2: UPDATES IN 2012 REVISION Defined Safe Operating Characteristics Access Covers & Service Openings Controls, Switches, & Sensors Emergency Controls Confined Space Loading Heights and/or Distances Interlocks Guarding Continuously Operating Machines Unattended Auto-Start Cart Dumpers/Tippers Signs, Decals, & Markings Training

25 ANSI Z245 SC 3/6 Z – 2008 Waste Container – Safety Requirements Z – 2008 Waste Container – Compatibility Dimensions

26 Z – 2008 Waste Container – Safety Requirements Establishes general safety requirements for all waste containers used in the collection, processing and disposal of solid wastes, in residential, commercial and industrial applications. These containers may also be used in conjunction with both mobile and stationary lifting, dumping, and transportation technologies.

27 Z WASTE CONTAINER – COMPATIBILITY DIMENSIONS Type T containers Dimensional requirements for Type T containers of more than 3 yd3 (2.30 m3) and less than or equal to 10 yd3 (7.65 m3) capacity. (Used in conjunction with trunnion-bar-lifting systems) Dimension Specification Description A Min: 77-1/2 in (196.8 cm) Total length of the trunnion bar including washers if –Max: 78 in (198.1 cm) provided. NOTE - If washers are provided, their diameter should be 2-1/4 in (5.7 cm) B Max: 72 in (182.9 cm) Width of the container and all the supporting gussets attached to the trunnion bar C Max: 66 in (167.6 cm) Width of the container body including structural supporting side members (side rails). NOTE - This dimension excludes gusset supports D Min: 1-1/4 in (32 mm) Diameter of trunnion bar at latch-up points Max: 1-3/4 in (44 mm) *E Max: 1-1/4 in (32 mm) The maximum diameter (thickness) of an attachment through which a cable may be hooked to the container *F Min: 2 in (51 mm) The inside width of an attachment through which a –Max: 3 in (76 mm) cable may be hooked to the container G Min: 45 in (114.3 cm) Distance from the centerline of the trunnion bar to the Max: 49 in (124.5 cm) ground. The top of the trunnion bar should coincide with the top of the container on the side where the trunnion bar is located.

28 ANSI Z245 SC 4 SUBCOMMITTEE

29 Establishes safety requirements applicable to the design, manufacture, assembly, modification, operation, cleaning, maintenance, servicing, or repair of facilities such as landfills, material recovery facilities, and transfer stations ANSI Z245 SC 4 SCOPE OF WORK

30 ANSI Z245 SC 4 STANDARDS ANSI Z – 2008 Facilities for the Processing of Commingled Recyclable Materials (MRFs) – Safety Requirements ANSI Z (new standard) Waste Transfer Station – Safety Requirements

31 Z is Currently Being Revised to Address Recent OSHA Activity Focusing on Including Both Single Stream and Dual Stream Facilities Consider Adding an Optional LEED Certification Section ANSI Z245 SC 4: GOALS/PROJECTS

32 Recent OSHA Activity… Increased Number of Fines Being Given to Recycling Operations 10 Fatalities in 2011 LO/TO Bales falling on workers Struck by ANSI Z245 SC 4: PROGRESS SINCE 2008 STANDARD

33 FACILITY HAZARDS

34 Shredder tragedy Shredder tragedy at recycling plant Man dies after apparently falling into machine May 6, 2012 FATALITY HAZARDS

35 Other OSHA Activity… Recycling Operations Maintenance Access Permit-required Confined Spaces Signage/Labeling Guarding Dust/Housekeeping Walking Working Surfaces Fall Protection ANSI Z245 SC 4: PROGRESS SINCE 2008 STANDARD

36 Z Waste Transfer Stations is a new standard Includes Requirements for all Parties: Designers Manufacturers Owners Operators Users Addresses Both Stationary and Mobile Equipment Primary Focus is on Traffic Flow for People and Mobile Equipment Includes Industry Best Practices Does not Address Specific Configurations Levels the Playing Field ANSI Z245 SC 4

37 Baling Equipment ANSI Z245 SC 5 SUBCOMMITTEE

38 To continuously improve safety requirements elimination hazards and risks associated with balers for users, owners, and manufacturers. ANSI Z245 SC 5 SCOPE OF WORK

39 ANSI Z245 SC 5 STANDARDS ANSI Z245.5 – 2008 Baling Equipment – Safety Requirements for Installation, Maintenance, Operation, Modification, Repair and Training ANSI Z – 2008 Baling Equipment – Safety Requirements Manufacturing and Reconstruction

40 ANSI Z245 SC 5: REVISION PROGRESS Keep Baler Standard Consistent with Compactor Standard with Differences Only Where it Makes Sense Auto-Start Section Ongoing Update and Re-write Applied Sections of Nationally Recognized Standards Through Normative References: OSHA CFR Part 146 Confined Space Part 147 Lockout-Tagout Part 132 PPE NFPA 70 NEC 2008 Section 110 Requirements for Electrical Installations

41 ANSI Z245 SC 5: REVISION PROGRESS Update Definitions Continuously Revise Auto-Start requirements Very Similar to Compactor Requirements with some Changes to Better Address Balers Finalize Safety Signage & Decals Per ANSI Z-535 Std. Signal Word, Picture Graph, & Verbiage Relationship with UL 3 rd Party Certification or Self Certification Arc Flash/Blast Requirements & Responsibilities NEC NFPA-70E Maintain Both ANSI Z &.51 Continuously

42 ANSI Z245 SC 5: REVISION PROGRESS Updated Definitions Defined Terminology Access Opening/Cover vs. Loading door Loading Hopper vs. Loading Chamber Emergency Stop vs. Intermittent Stop Reconstruction vs. Modification Employee vs. Authorized Employee Loader vs. Operator Manual Operation vs. Auto Operation Systems vs. Single Machine

43 ANSI Z245 SC 5: REVISION PROGRESS Updated Safe Operating Characteristics Access Covers & Service Openings Controls, Switches, & Sensors Emergency Controls Confined Space Loading Heights and/or Distances Interlocks Guarding Continuously Operating Machines Unattended Auto-Start Cart Dumpers/Tippers Signs, Decals, & Markings Training

44 ANSI Z245 SC 5: REVISION PROGRESS Updated Requirements & Responsibilities for: Manufacturers & Re-Manufacturers Owners Installers Users Authorized Operators Affected Employee Unauthorized People Continued Safety Training

45 ANSI Z245 SC 5: FUTURE GOALS/PROJECTS Keeping the Standards Informative by Focusing on: How to Buy Structural Compliance Electrical Compliance Hydraulic Compliance WASTEC Guide How to Install, Operate, Maintain, Repair, and Reconstruct Manufacturers Instructions ANSI STD Design requirements for compliance

46 WORKING WITH ANSI Z245. What we do does make a difference. Schedule Mandatory five (5) year reissue/revision The Subcommittees meet as needed but at least twice a year

47 THANK YOU…QUESTIONS? For more information on ANSI Standards, please visit us at and look under ANSI Standards Overview Contact us at


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