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Gilded Age Politics Hayes to Cleveland Issues and Debates Alliance and Peoples Party.

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Presentation on theme: "Gilded Age Politics Hayes to Cleveland Issues and Debates Alliance and Peoples Party."— Presentation transcript:

1 Gilded Age Politics Hayes to Cleveland Issues and Debates Alliance and Peoples Party

2 Party Politics in the Gilded Age High turn out, loyalty, enthusiasm, mostly High turn out, loyalty, enthusiasm, mostly –white men voted GOP: national growth, high tariff, gold, civil rights, bloody Shirt, public morality, internal improvements GOP: national growth, high tariff, gold, civil rights, bloody Shirt, public morality, internal improvements Dems: South, West & urban, free trade, silver, states rights, less government Dems: South, West & urban, free trade, silver, states rights, less government Convention system: party professionals chose safe candidates they could trust. Convention system: party professionals chose safe candidates they could trust.

3 Hayes to McKinley: modernization of the presidency Hayes: Compromise of 1877, some civil service reform, Presumptive act, gold Hayes: Compromise of 1877, some civil service reform, Presumptive act, gold Garfield: stalwarts v half breeds, dark horse, a lot of promise, assassination Garfield: stalwarts v half breeds, dark horse, a lot of promise, assassination Arthur: fights Conkling of NY, Pendelton Act, new steel navy, vetoed Exclusion Arthur: fights Conkling of NY, Pendelton Act, new steel navy, vetoed Exclusion

4 Rutherford B. Hayes:

5 James A. Garfield: 1880

6 Garfields Assassination

7 Chester A. Arthur:

8 Issue Debate: Tariff The tariff, a tax on imports, was one of the major issues of the Gilded Age The tariff, a tax on imports, was one of the major issues of the Gilded Age Republicans argued: It protects infant industry and jobs, promotes growth, adds revenue for internal improvements Republicans argued: It protects infant industry and jobs, promotes growth, adds revenue for internal improvements Democrats argued: It hurts farmers, raises prices, favors northern industry, sparks a trade war, and increases corruption. Democrats argued: It hurts farmers, raises prices, favors northern industry, sparks a trade war, and increases corruption.

9 Cleveland 84, 92: Harrison 88 Cleveland: first Democrat since Civil War, 1884 election, Interstate Commerce Act, cuts pension, vetoes 2/3 of bills, tries to lower tariff, pro gold, won the popular vote three times. Cleveland: first Democrat since Civil War, 1884 election, Interstate Commerce Act, cuts pension, vetoes 2/3 of bills, tries to lower tariff, pro gold, won the popular vote three times. Harrison: Billion Dollar Congress, McKinley Tariff, Sherman Antitrust, Sherman Silver Purchase. Harrison: Billion Dollar Congress, McKinley Tariff, Sherman Antitrust, Sherman Silver Purchase.

10 Grover Cleveland:

11 Benjamin Harrison:

12 Issue Debate: Silver v. Gold The monetary debate was the other major issue of the Gilded Age The monetary debate was the other major issue of the Gilded Age Gold Bugs: GOP argued it creates more confidence in the $, increases the value of the $, more stable, and same as Europe. Low inflation helped banks. Gold Bugs: GOP argued it creates more confidence in the $, increases the value of the $, more stable, and same as Europe. Low inflation helped banks. Silver Bugs: Dems argued inflation helps indebted farmers, raises prices of crops, and raises wages. It helped western mine owners. Silver Bugs: Dems argued inflation helps indebted farmers, raises prices of crops, and raises wages. It helped western mine owners.

13 Major Gilded Age Legislature Pendelton Act (83): created civil service Pendelton Act (83): created civil service Interstate Commerce Act (87): Congress Interstate Commerce Act (87): Congress –Created Int Com Comm to regulate the railroads. –Outlawed pools and rebates. New role for gov. McKinley Tariff Act (90): raised tariffs 50% McKinley Tariff Act (90): raised tariffs 50% Sherman Silver Purchase (90): Treasury bought Sherman Silver Purchase (90): Treasury bought –$4.5 million silver a month, treasury notes pay –in silver Sherman Antitrust Act (90) : 1 st federal Sherman Antitrust Act (90) : 1 st federal –Attempt to regulate monopolies.

14 The Farmers Alliance, Peoples Party 1890: GOP loses House and Senate Farmers Problems: 30 years of dropping prices, debt, railroad rates, some do well Alliance: Grange, National & South, Macune, sub treasury, Tom Watson, help farmers Peoples Party: The Omaha Platform: sub treasury, unions, silver, gov own railroads banks & telephone, income tax, 1892: Peoples best year, Cleveland returns


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