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1Refractive Index Sensitivity of Dye-Doped Silica-Coated Gold Nanorods In Various Organic Solvents Kayla Love Langston University Dr. Katherine Willets Research Group Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Texas at Austin
2Importance of Nanoparticles Noble metal nanoparticles have optical properties that can be beneficial forbiological applicationssurface enhanced spectroscopycatalysisWhere do optical properties come from?Where do these optical properties come from?
3PlasmonPlasmon: a collective oscillation of surface conduction electrons in materials with a negative real and small positive imaginary dielectric constant.When a metal absorbs light of a resonant wavelength it causes the electron cloud to vibrate, dissipating the energy . What this means in real terms is that there are certain wavelengths for metal where photons are not reflected, but instead are absorbed and converted into surface plasmon resonance (electron cloud vibrations).The plasmon provides the color for a nanoparticles.The plasmon resonance is sensitive to the local refractive index.
4Key TermsRefractive index: also called index of refraction is a measure of the bending of a ray of light when passing from one medium into another.UV-Vis Spectrometer: measures the amount of light that is absorbed by a molecule.
6Purpose of StudyIt is known that silica coated AuNRs have a linear wavelength response to increasing refractive index.Do we still maintain a linear response if we include dye in the silica shell of gold nanorods rinsed in various organic solvents?Langmuir 25 (2009)
7Overview Of PurposeTest if the presence of dye will alter the bulk UV-Vis spectraMaintain the linear trend between the refractive index and the wavelength of gold nanorods rinsed in various organic solvents
8Nanoparticle ShapeThe wavelength for a nanoparticle shape becomes smaller as the curvature of a metal nanoparticle gets shorter.Nanospheres appear at 530 to 550 nm and Nanorods appear between 650 and 850 nmSelective Shortening of Single-Crystalline Gold Nanorods by Mild OxidationChia-Kuang Tsung,†‡ Xiaoshan Kou,‡ Qihui Shi,† Jinping Zhang,§ Man Hau Yeung,‡ Jianfang Wang,*‡ and Galen D. Stucky*†§;Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry and Materials Department, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106, and Department of Physics, the Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, Hong Kong, P. R. China(nm)
9Au NanorodsPrepare AuNR seed solution from a mixture of sodium borohydride, chloroauric acid, and cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB).Prepare growth solution from a mixture of chloroauric acid, CTAB, ascorbic acid, hydrochloric acid, and silver nitrate.Mix the growth solution with the diluted seed solution.Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM) image of AuNRUV-Vis Spectrum
10EtchingAdd AuNR solution with hydrochloric acid and heat in water bath at 55° Celsius.Monitor the blue shift over time.Time
11Dye-Doped Silica Coating Synthesis ProcedureMix AuNR solution with tetraethyl orthosilicate (TEOS) in methanol and NaOH to form a porous silica shellNile red dye is added to the reaction mixture for dye doping.The pores allow solvent to access the AuNR coreNano Lett. 9, (2009)TEM images of dye-doped silica-coated AuNRs
12Refractive Index Sensitivity UV-Vis spectra of dye-doped silica-coated AuNRs in different solvents.
14laser sources detect the fluorescence of the dye in the silica shell. Significancenanorods with a dye- doped silica shell will give you one senor with two ways of detecting it.laser sources detect the fluorescence of the dye in the silica shell.white light detects the scattering of the nanorod done in Localized Surface Plasmon Resonance Spectroscopy (LSPR) experiments .One would no longer be stuck having to chose between two excitation source because now you can use either.
15SummarySynthesized AuNRs and etched them smaller using hydrochloric acid.Silica coated the AuNR and added Nile red into the pores of the silica.The plasmon resonance of the dye-doped silica- coated AuNRs changes in different solvents.A plot of the maximum longitudinal peak against the refractive index determined that there was a linear trend.
16Conclusion The dye did alter the bulk UV-Vis Spectra Maintained the linear trend between the refractive index and the wavelength of gold nanorods rinsed in various organic solvents
17Future StudiesConduct test to determine whether nile red dye is capable of leeching out of the pores of the silica shell and into the solution.
18ReferencesChen, Huanjun, Lei Shao, Kat Choi Woo, Tian Ming, Hai-Qing Lin, and Jianfang Wang. "Shape-Dependent Refractive Index Sensitivities of Gold Nanocrystals with the Same Plasmon Resonance Wavelength." The Journal of Physical Chemistry C 113 (2009)Mayer, Kathryn M., Seunghyun Lee, Hongwei Liao, Betty C. Rostro, Amaris Fuentes, Peter T. Scully, Colleen L. Nehl, and Jason H. Hafner. "A Label-Free Immunoassay Based Upon Localized Surface Plasmon Resonance of Gold Nanorods." ACS Nano 2 (2008)Ming, Tian, Lei Zhao, Zhi Yang, Huanjun Chen, Lingdong Sun, Jianfang Wang, and Chunhua Yan. "Strong Polarization Dependence of Plasmon-Enhanced Fluorescence on Single Gold Nanorods." NanoLetters 11 (2009)