Presentation on theme: "GOLD MINING IN BROOKFIELD"— Presentation transcript:
1GOLD MINING IN BROOKFIELD BROOKFIELD GOLD MINES - BUTLER FAMILY PHOTO
2INTRODUCTIONAs early as 1851, government and private enterprise encouraged prospectors to look for gold in Queensland.In 1853, there was a flurry of gold activity around Brisbane. Possibly, Gold Creek received its name at this time.Some gold prospecting occurred in Brookfield in 1866 and the early years of the 20th Century.Several mines were established.Reported findings were not very significant.
3OVERVIEW Alluvial mining occurred on Gold Creek in about 1866. In the 1920s, several mines were established namely, the Prince of Wales Mine (later renamed Acme), the Surprise Group, Eclipse Reefs, Centenary Mine, Little Wonder, Dorothy Reta and Butler’s Hope. The latter three claims were made in the 1930s, but none recorded payable gold.At least two mining companies were formed –The Brookfield Freehold Prospectors Gold Mining Company Limited, andThe Gold Creek Gold-Mining and Prospecting Company, Limited.
6REPORTED FINDINGSIn the early 1920s,The Surprise Group took 20-tonnes of stone from a 20-metre shaft, producing about 9 grains of gold per tonne.Surprise #2 West sank several shafts from which several rich specimens were obtained by dollying.Surprise Claim of Dart, Mattingley and party sank a 17-metre shaft beside the old Enoggera-Indooropillly Road (Boscombe Road). 8-tonnes of ore was sent to Gympie for crushing in December 1922 and yielded 8.25 ozs of gold.
7REPORTED GOLD DISCOVERY The Brisbane Courier, 20 June 1895, page 4
8GEOLOGYThe metaphoric rocks in the Brookfield area form part of the Brisbane schist series of undetermined age. Schist is by far the most common rock, the predominating variety being biscuit shade to brown in colour and very compact.In addition, the scrub was very thick. Mattingly and Lynch found prospecting easier where Dart’s gully had been cleared of scrub and lantana so that bananas and pawpaws could be planted.
9PROSPECTORS TRAVELLED LIGHT However, in Brookfield many of those who made mining claims were locals who lived near the mines or in nearby suburbs. For example, teachers at Gold Creek State School and Brookfield State School were on the list of people who had mining claims in the district.
10PROSPECTING FOR GOLDFollowed creeks upstream panning for signs of gold.While amounts of gold increased, they continued moving upstream looking for signs of gold-bearing rock on creek banks.When gold panned in the creek decreased, they would test the banks for a clue to the source of the alluvial gold.
11They would dig shallow pits, regularly spaced along the creek banks, sampling surrounding rock looking for the lode (quartz bearing rock). Often the lode was visible as a shiny quartz outcrop, but in other cases it was covered with other rocks and soil.Once the lode was located, shallow trenches called costeans were dug across the lode to determine its width, the angle at which it dipped and the direction in which it ran. These costeans also indicated where the highest gold concentrations were likely to be in the lode.Once the prospector knew the location of the lode, he would then apply for a miner’s right in order to stake a claim.
12A MINER’S RIGHTA MINER WAS REQUIRED TO HAVE A MINER’S RIGHT BEFORE MARKING OUT AND WORKING A CLAIM
13STAKING A CLAIMWith the miner’s right, the prospector was then free to stake a mining claim. This was done on two sides of each post, indicating the direction of the boundary line for each claim. The miner then submitted an application form to the local mining warden, accompanied by a sketch plan showing the locality of the claim and its relative distance from some well known place or feature. The total number of mining claims from in Brookfield totalled This number included 23 women who either shared claims with each other or with their husbands.
14WORKING THE CLAIMThe ore was mined from the lode by pick and shovel and, in some cases by hammer and chisel. Sometimes an explosive (dynamite) was used.The ore was brought to the surface in buckets lifted by a simple windlass. It was then crushed using a small three-head stamp battery driven by a steam or petrol engine. Water was used in the crushing process. A 2-inch pipe was taken from the main water source to assist with the crushing process in Brookfield.
15BATTERY IN BROOKFIELDA battery was erected in Brookfield which was opened in February 1924 by the Minister for Mines, the Hon A.J. Jones MLA.Within 11 months, the mill was found to be inadequate, with losses being abnormally high. By October 1924, it was unfit for service.
16ECLIPSE BATTERY MINE AT BROOKFIELD 1924 You can see the steam engine in this picture which provided power to the battery.
17THE MINERS’ LIFESTYLE Hard, lonely life Most lived and worked on their ownLong-term miners built simple humpiesDiet was not well balanced by today’s standards. Very hard to keep food fresh. They relied on tinned and dried foods and “bush tucker” such as damper and tea. Sometimes caught bandicoots and other small bush animals and cooked them in camp ovens.Bedding consisted of a camp stretcher under a corrugated iron roof if they were lucky. Otherwise it was a case of unrolling the swag.
18BROOKFIELD MINERS BUTLER FAMILY PHOTO Members of the Butler Family were significantly involved in gold mining in the Brookfield area.BUTLER FAMILY PHOTO
22In 1929, Mr TH Pellatt, whose father was one of the pioneers of Brookfield, considered that gold ran through the Brookfield Valley, “The only trouble is that they have not sunk deeply enough”, he said. Mr Pellatt showed the tangible proof of the existence of gold in Brookfield by way of a scarfpin adorned with a fair-sized nugget which had been found in Brookfield.
23ACKNOWLEDGEMENTSVarious documents and information supplied by Libby WagerQueensland State LibraryDepartment of MinesTrezise, David “The History of Gold Mining in Brisbane Forest Park, South East Queensland” in Project Report, Land Use and Planning Extractive Materials, 1989.