Famous People of the California Gold Rush Compiled by Kimberley Maywald February, 2007
These were all people who became famous without mining for gold!
John Sutter Envisioned an agricultural empire near the American River Wanted discovery of gold kept secret Never did appreciate the opportunities of the Gold Rush, and left California penniless
James Marshall Discovered gold pebbles while building Sutters Mill Feared the effects of potential prospectors, who eventually forced him off his land Also died nearly penniless
Henry Wells and William Fargo Decided to profit from Gold Rush by providing services to miners Created Wells, Fargo & Co. for banking, mail, and stage coach services Generated tremendous wealth as entrepreneurs
Levi Strauss Ran a successful dry- goods store Patented canvas pants with riveted pockets Now called Levis
Mark Twain Born Samuel Clemens Headed West for the Gold Rush Became a famous writer of his experiences
Sam Brannan Bought all mining tools in area Announced gold was found Made a fortune selling tools, then other necessities, to miners Became a millionaire
Lotta Crabtree Began acting on stages at age 6 Made lots of money entertaining miners Later traveled the world
Nellie Chapman Married a dentist and studied dentistry from him Later practiced as a dentist with her own patients She also wrote and composed: a talented lady!
Eliza Farnham As a young widow, she was matron of Sing Sing prison Believed women would civilize the miners Advocated social reforms
Georgiana Kirby A pioneer of Santa Cruz during the Gold Rush Advocated education, freedom, and equal rights for all Has a private school named for her
Resources Picture credits: All ClipArt from Microsoft ClipArt Sam Brannan, William Fargo, James Marshall, Levis Strauss, John Sutter, & Henry Wells from en.wikipedia.org Mark Twain: www.marktwainhouse.org Eliza Farnham & Georgiana Kirby: www.goldrush.com/~joann/ Nellie Chapman: www.ncgold.com/goldrushtown/people/html. Lotta Crabtree: www.ncgold.com/History/LottaCrabtree/lotta.html Information: Most of the information regarding the men came from the PBS movie The Gold Rush, directed by Boettcher & Trinklein, 1996. Eliza Farnham & Georgiana Kirby: www.goldrush.com/~joann/ Lotta Crabtree: www.ncgold.com/History/LottaCrabtree/lotta.html Nellie Chapman: www.ncgold.com/goldrushtown/people/htmlwww.ncgold.com/goldrushtown/people/html Video Clips from United Streaming:chp890500 and chp905920 Excellent sites for the Gold Rush: www.historichwy49.com www.museumca.org/goldrush/ www.ncgold.com/goldrushtown/