Presentation on theme: "Economics in Africa Africa has: Gold Africa wants:"— Presentation transcript:
Economics in Africa
Africa has: Gold
Arabia wants: Gold
Timeout! How much salt would you trade for a pound of gold?
Salt, why salt? You need salt to live. We lose salt when we sweat. Its hot in Africa. Therefore, they sweat and lose salt. Without it, they die.
Well, now how much would you pay? But wait, dont answer yet, theres more!
Gold, Who needs that? In Africa, gold was pretty common. It is too soft to make weapons or tools out of. It is completely useless. So, why would they care?
The Salt Trade Africans were willing to trade 1 pound of gold for 1 pound of salt. Arabians were willing to trade 1 pound of salt for 1 pound of gold. Both sides were happy!
The Trade Routes
Gold Big Desert Salt
But gold and salt were not the only things they shared.
Ghana and Mali
Timeout! Look at the map on the next page. One of the first major empires in Africa was Ghana in the shaded area. Why do you think it grew there and not somewhere else in Africa?
Ghana Ghana was a powerful trading empire in Africa. Its location at the edge of the Sahara meant it controlled the best trade routes. The Niger River Valley was also relatively good for farming.
Koumbi Capital of Ghana Many Muslims came to live here to make money from gold. The emperor eventually has the city split in half to keep his people away from the Muslims.
African SideMuslim Side Main Street (dividing line)
The Split Splitting the city didnt work. Based on the last picture, why do you think many Africans wanted to convert to Islam after the split of the city? The king of Ghana loses power as his people convert to Islam.
The empire of Mali rose as Ghana was falling. They largely accepted Islam as their religion instead of trying to hold to their old ways. They did adapt it to fit their own traditions.
Arab Influences in Africa Arab merchants spread the Arab language into Africa. Along with the language the merchants spread Islam. Mansa Musa, an African ruler, went on a hajj in 1324.
Mansa Musa A strong follower of Islam Expanded the borders of Mali Led a pilgrimage of 60,000 people to Mecca. This made Mali famous throughout the world.
Things to Remember
Key Terms Savanna Salt Trade Mansa Musa Oral History
1. The geography of the area around the Niger river greatly influenced the growth of Ghana and Mali. 2. Trade with the Islamic Empire led to great changes in Africa. 3. African history and culture was passed down largely through oral traditions. Main Ideas