Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

learn what is gold and what its qualities are. learn what makes gold so desirable. discover where and how to find gold. find out what the uses of gold.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "learn what is gold and what its qualities are. learn what makes gold so desirable. discover where and how to find gold. find out what the uses of gold."— Presentation transcript:

1

2 learn what is gold and what its qualities are. learn what makes gold so desirable. discover where and how to find gold. find out what the uses of gold are. be exposed to ancient civilizations. learn what is gold and what its qualities are. learn what makes gold so desirable. discover where and how to find gold. find out what the uses of gold are. be exposed to ancient civilizations. In this lesson you will You will become a gold hunter!

3 learn how to create a metaphor. write a story according to paintings. experience a listening comprehension. learn what gold is and words. connected to it. learn how to create a metaphor. write a story according to paintings. experience a listening comprehension. learn what gold is and words. connected to it. You will also

4 Called by some the flesh of the Gods and by others the sun made tangible, gold has inspired every civilization in history. Men and women have lusted after gold ever since its discovery seven thousand years ago.

5 From ancient Greece to China, from India to Peru, GOLD has been admired and valued for its warmth, its beauty, its sensuality and its spiritual richness. sensuality warmth beautiful spiritual richness _______ Can you add some more qualities of GOLD?

6 What makes gold so desirable? From the first discovery of gold in ancient times, its beauty and the ease with which it could be worked inspired craftsmen to create it into ornaments, not just for adornment, but as symbols of wealth and power.

7 What makes gold so desirable? Gold is a conduit for powerful emotions. Pleasure and pain, desire and dread, lust and love.

8 Have you ever wanted to find GOLD? Well, you have come to the right place. We will pack you with useful information to help you get started in your search for GOLD.

9 Have you ever wanted to find GOLD? Here, you can find some maps of gold sites and locations that are open to prospecting for GOLD. We are going to help you get started in your search for REAL GOLD.

10 What is gold? What is its chemical symbol? Where does the word Gold come from? How much gold is there in the world? What is a carat? What nation has most of the worlds gold? Who are the people who own most gold? Where on earth can we find gold? What are the four steps to mining gold? Where did the gold rush take place? What is the most famous piece of gold in history? What is the origin of the first gold jewel? What is gold used for? Where did Europe get gold from in the 16th century? That s a good place to start! You have found the gold!

11 Before we begin our hunt, we need to know: Is it a rock? Is it a fossil? Or, perhaps, a mineral? Before we begin our hunt, we need to know: Is it a rock? Is it a fossil? Or, perhaps, a mineral? To find the answer, lets go to: What is GOLD?

12 What do we know about Gold? Melting point: C Boiling point: C Boiling point: C Doesnt react with water or oxygen Atomic number: 79 Soft and rare Yellow metal

13 What is the chemical symbol of GOLD? We will find the answer in the periodic table of the elements. You can find it at How would you find gold there?

14 Au is short for the Latin word for gold, 'Aurum', which literally means 'Glowing Dawn. What do you think about this meaning? Au is short for the Latin word for gold, 'Aurum', which literally means 'Glowing Dawn. What do you think about this meaning? GOLD The chemical symbol of GOLD is: AU

15 The word gold appears to be derived from the Indo-European root 'yellow', reflecting one of the most obvious properties of gold. Where does the word Gold come from?

16 In ancient times, in the Middle East and the Mediterranean, people used the seed of the Carob tree to weigh gold. A carat was used as the measure for the purity of gold. Pure gold is defined as 24 carats. What is a carat?

17 By the fifteenth century, alchemists were using the same symbol for both gold and the sun. The simplest of these was a circle, the universal symbol of totality, wholeness and continuity. This was the inspiration for gold's new symbol. The GOLD mark

18 The three concentric circles, signifying past, present and future, also symbolize the inner soul, the shared experience of humankind and the infinity of the universe. The GOLD mark

19 At the end of 2000, it is estimated that all the gold ever mined amounted to about 142,600 tons. How much gold is there in the world?

20 Where in the world can we find gold? About two thirds of the world's gold output comes from South Africa, and about two thirds of the total U.S. production comes from South Dakota and Nevada.

21 Who owns most gold? If we take national gold reserves, then most gold is owned by the USA followed by Germany and the IMF. If we include jewelry ownership, then India is the largest repository of gold in terms of total gold within the national boundaries. If we take national gold reserves, then most gold is owned by the USA followed by Germany and the IMF. If we include jewelry ownership, then India is the largest repository of gold in terms of total gold within the national boundaries.

22 In terms of personal ownership, it is not known who owns the most, but is possibly a member of a ruling royal family in the East. Who owns most gold?

23 Gold occurs in veins of the rocks, in mountains, in rivers and alluvial deposits. Gold is widely distributed throughout the world. Tiny quantities occur in most rocks and soils. Where on earth can we find gold?

24 Gold also occurs in sea water. As yet, no method has been found for profitably recovering gold from sea water. Where on earth can we find gold?

25 One of the most important events in Californian history occurred on January 24, On that cold January morning, James Marshall spotted something shining up from the millrace. Marshall picked up several pieces of gold.. Welcome to Gold Fever!

26 The news spread locally like wildfire : "Gold on the American River!" Almost half a million prospectors from all around the world, swarmed to California, helping to open up the American West. The news spread locally like wildfire : "Gold on the American River!" Almost half a million prospectors from all around the world, swarmed to California, helping to open up the American West.

27 With ships, merchandise and equipment, and thousands of sea- route argonauts pouring into California through the Golden Gate, San Francisco instantly became the hub of the gold rush.

28 The prospector spends all day long dreaming about finding a big sack of gold and becoming the richest man in the West. The prospector spends all day long dreaming about finding a big sack of gold and becoming the richest man in the West.

29 Walk in the footsteps of those who were there. Listen to their words and their stories. Take time to explore and discover along the way. Walk in the footsteps of those who were there. Listen to their words and their stories. Take time to explore and discover along the way. See you in California!

30 I found Gold! "Gold, I found gold !" he shouts to his friends "Where is it? Let me see it!" Lets hear the exciting moment of finding gold. Go to:

31 I found myself thinking, as the light slowly faded from the western sky, that the beauty ahead of us was no illusion, no mere trick of sun and cloud. It was real, and we were returning to it, with our cargo of hard - won treasure." I found myself thinking, as the light slowly faded from the western sky, that the beauty ahead of us was no illusion, no mere trick of sun and cloud. It was real, and we were returning to it, with our cargo of hard - won treasure."

32 The story of these prospectors through art of their time: Write down their story

33 EXPLORATION The business of processing gold has pioneered several techniques and methods. To learn how gold is mined go to: The gold mining process begins with geologists discovering a deposit The gold mining process begins with geologists discovering a deposit

34 hauling, blasting, loading, drilling What are the four steps of mining gold?

35 The uses of Gold Gold is used in coinage and is a standard for monetary systems in many countries. Gold is also extensively used for jewelry, decoration, dental work, and for plating. Gold is used for coating certain space satellites, as it is a good reflector of infrared. Gold is used in coinage and is a standard for monetary systems in many countries. Gold is also extensively used for jewelry, decoration, dental work, and for plating. Gold is used for coating certain space satellites, as it is a good reflector of infrared.

36 Lunar Module Without gold the first step on the moon would not have been possible. Gold protects astronauts on the moon and in outer space. Sheets of 0.1 5mm thick are used in space programs as a radiation shield. Because gold is such an effective reflector, it deflects the burning heat of the sun.

37 Industrial uses of gold

38 Historically, gold was a rare metal, afforded only by the wealthy. In the 20th century gold jewellery has come within the pocket of most people. Historically, gold was a rare metal, afforded only by the wealthy. In the 20th century gold jewellery has come within the pocket of most people.

39 Did you know? The earliest gold jewelry dates from the Sumer civilisation, which lies between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers in southern Iraq, around 3000 BC. The earliest gold jewelry dates from the Sumer civilisation, which lies between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers in southern Iraq, around 3000 BC.

40 Many civilizations left a rich legacy of golden treasures. Lets explore part of the history of gold on the time line.

41 Ancient Egypt Roman Empire 1492 America 27 BC – 476 AD 3100 BC – 343 BC Columbus's discovery of America Cortes conquerors Mexico 1519 Francisco Pizarro invaded Peru 1531

42 Detail from a panel on the gold plated shrine from the tomb of Tutankhamun in the Cairo Museum. Egyptian art was highly symbolic and a painting or sculpture was not meant to be a record of a momentary impression. Ancient Egypt

43 Tutankhamun The boy-king of Egypt from 1361 to 1352 BC preserved some of the greatest treasures of the Egyptian goldsmiths' craft. The king's body was encased in a coffin of solid gold. The head of the mummy was shrouded in a great mask of beaten gold. It is considered to be the most famous piece of gold. The boy-king of Egypt from 1361 to 1352 BC preserved some of the greatest treasures of the Egyptian goldsmiths' craft. The king's body was encased in a coffin of solid gold. The head of the mummy was shrouded in a great mask of beaten gold. It is considered to be the most famous piece of gold.

44 The Romans inherited much from the Etruscans, but they also borrowed many ideas from the Greeks. Sculpture was used to decorate public and private buildings and much of Roman art was made as official propaganda to glorify the ruler, proclaim victories, or to make pious references to the state and its governors. Roman Empire

45 Roman gold jewelry was generally formed from thin sheets of gold, rather than solid gold. This way they used the minimum amount of the precious and expensive material. Pair of Earrings

46 After the fall of the Roman Empire, little gold was produced for almost a thousand years. This was changed by Columbus's discovery of America in Adventurers were encouraged by European kings to sail for the new continent in search of riches. After the fall of the Roman Empire, little gold was produced for almost a thousand years. This was changed by Columbus's discovery of America in Adventurers were encouraged by European kings to sail for the new continent in search of riches. America

47 Treasure-laden ships bound for Spain gave rise to the "golden age of piracy" This led to the Spanish conquests of the early sixteenth century when Cortes and Pizarro invaded Mexico and Peru respectively.

48 By the time of the Spanish invasion, the civilizations of South America had thrived for centuries and had reached a high level of sophistication. In the next slide we can see some of the beautiful gold work of these ancient civilizations.

49 The Treasure of Amiens The end of the 13th century One of the Incas treasures. The Inca Temple of Sun was covered with gold This mask is from the Chimu civilization in Peru A Chimú sacrificial knife with a gold handle

50 Throughout civilization, from ancient Egypt to the present day, Gold stands alone in its magic and allure. Gold has the power to evoke deep emotions: moments of tenderness, moments of passion, moments of joy. Beautiful, desirable and incorruptible, gold is a continuous thread connecting world to world, generation to generation, lives to lives.

51 Yellow Metal AUIndo-European root about 142,600 tons. a measure of the purity of gold South Africaruling royal family in the East rocks, mountains, rivers and deposits hauling blasting loading drilling In California The head of the mummy of Tutankhamun Sumer Civilization Coinage jewelry, decoration, dental work, plating and coating South America Check your answers! You have found the gold!

52 the qualities of gold how gold is mined gold in ancient civilizations the American gold rush In this lesson you learnt about


Download ppt "learn what is gold and what its qualities are. learn what makes gold so desirable. discover where and how to find gold. find out what the uses of gold."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google