3Driving Safety (continued) Use of Seat BeltsVan FactsAccidentsQ & A
4DRIVE TO STAY ALIVETHE #1 LEADING CAUSE OF “AT WORK” DEATHS IS VEHICLE ACCIDENTS.MOST OF US BEGAN DRIVING WHEN WE WERE TEENAGERS AND AFTER SO MANY YEARS, TEND TO REINFORCE POOR ROAD HABITS.
5Driving Safety25% of all driving accidents are the result of excessive speed.70% of driving accidents occur within 25 miles from home.1 out of 4 employees who drive experience an accident while at work.Most people know someone who has died in a car accident.
6Driving Safety 2001 data for the U.S. Michigan 37,409 deaths 2,070,000 injuries115 deaths per dayFriday (especially evening/night hours) has more fatal accidents than any other dayMidnight to 3 a.m. on Saturdays and Sundays proved to be the deadliest 3-hour periods throughout 1999, with 1,215 and 1,182 fatal crashes, respectively.Michigan1,382 FatalitiesIsabella County (73)The source of these figures is the 1996 Accident Facts, published by the National Safety Council
7Driving SafetyMotor vehicle crashes cause a death every 12 minutes, a disabling injury every 14 seconds.When do most accidents occur (type of weather)?Clear sunny days, good visibilitySeat belts are mandatory for all occupants
8More than 600,000 people ages 15 to 20 were injured in traffic accidents last year. We think of our vehicles as cocoons, that they keep us safe and sound - What we don’t think about is what will happen if we have a few beers, throw in some speed and a momentary lapse in attention when our minds wander. You see the results.
9Driving Safety60 percent of crashes with deaths or injuries happen on roads with posted speed limits of 40 miles per hour or less.
10Driving SafetyMotor vehicle crashes cost society more than billion per year.These were based on costs that arose from crashes that killed 40,716 people and injured 5.2 million others.By comparison personal and household crimes cost their victims $19 billion.
11Driving injuries - on or off the job The most hazardous environmentFor most of us, whether on or off the job, it is on the road.We face it daily.A recent report from the road:A manager was beginning a business tripWas driving from his house to the airport on the freewayWas shaving and looking into the rearview mirrorSaw (in peripheral vision) something cut in front of himReacted by steering to the right, driving off the freeway and hitting a treeResult was a broken hip
12Unsafe Actions Shaving Putting on make-up Reading a map or book Using the cell phoneCertain state(s) law prohibits useNot using a seatbeltDriving under the influenceDriving at an unsafe speedFailing to stop or yieldUnsafe passing of another vehicleTailgatingNot using blinkersEatingDriver eats firstDriving at an unsafe speed is the most common error in fatal accidents
13Unsafe Conditions Improper vehicle maintenance Poor visibility Night time driving (Fatality rates/mile are 4 times higher at night.)Dust stormsRain stormsSnowFogWindshield wipers not effectivePoor road conditionsSlippery surfaces from weatherRoad not properly maintainedImproper vehicle maintenanceInadequate brakesWorn tread on tiresHoses, beltsInadequate accelerationHeadlight(s) out
14Driving under the influence (DUI) Alcohol was involved in 41% of all traffic fatalities in ‘94Sobering facts:About 2 in every 5 Americans will be involved in an alcohol-related traffic accident at some time in their livesRemember the one-one rule: one drink per hour (Your body takes about an hour to rid itself of each 1/2 ounce of alcohol)The source of this 41% figure is the 1996 Accident Facts, published by the National Safety Council.According to a recent story in USA Today, most alcohol-related fatalities are caused by repeat DUI offenders--i.e. those who have a true drinking problem.
15Vehicle Safety Features Daytime running lights(Headlights that are on whenever vehicle is running)Lap/shoulder safety beltsReduce risk of moderate-to-fatal injuries by approximately 50%.Air bags for driver & passengerCombined with lap/shoulder belts, they reduce risk of fatality by another 10%.Side impact airbagsAnti-lock brakesSafety cages built into the vehicle frameworkThe source of these figures is the 1996 Accident Facts, published by the National Safety Council.
16Did you know? When driving on a road that is new to you: Your eyes tend to scan the road from left to right which is an excellent driving habit.We tend not to scan when in familiar territory.How closely can you safely follow another car?We tend to follow based on how much of the road we can seeA long hood causes us to follow at a greater distance (since you have to look over the hood to see the street).Drivers with shorter hoods tend to follow more closelyUse the 2 or 4 second ruleGood driving conditions, keep a 2 second distance behindPoor driving conditions, keep a 4 second distance behind
17Driving Tips Slow Down Avoid sharp turns. Avoid excessive speed and abrupt maneuvers.Don’t drive tired (6 hours max.).Drive conservativelyRest stops often (every 2 hrs. recommended)Wear seat beltsDrive during the day, if possible.Require someone to be awake in the front seat with the driver on long trips
18"Road Rage"Road rage is driving under the influence of too much anger.Provoked by:Feeling endangered by someone else’s driving (another driver cuts you off or tailgates you).Resentment at being forced to slow downRighteous indignation at someone who breaks traffic rulesAnger at someone taking out their road rage on youTherapy for road rage:Take a deep breath and just let it go!SRTCC
19Defensive Driving Theories Drive with courtesyBe calm when drivingConcentrate when drivingDrive cautiously
20Dealing With Aggressive Drivers Avoid eye contact.Don’t cut in front of other drivers.Allow fellow drivers to mergeDon’t aggravate fellow drivers with hand gestures.Don’t tailgate.Use your horn sparingly.
21Backing The Vehicle Use a spotter Back to the left (driver’s side) Avoid backing up if you miss a ramp/exit.Use outside mirrors.
22Highway Driving Lane changes and signals. Merges Blind Spots Slow moving vehicles
25Driving at DuskBe especially alert at dusk. The sky still is quite bright, but objects on the road can merge with shadows and fade into darkness.
26Emergency Situations Encountering emergency vehicles Headlights go out Tire blow outEngine failureBrake Failure
27Drive to Stay AliveLousy Weather, Rush Hour Traffic, and construction zones are all challenges that require good driving skills. To help yourself stay SAFE, always wear your safety belt, and follow these next few tips!
28Driving Tips Drive with courtesy Be calm when driving Concentrate when drivingDrive cautiouslyObey all traffic lawsWatch for road signs, workers, and detours.Expect to encounter slow trucks and other construction traffic.
29Tips for Rush HourFrom 6:00 a.m. to 9:00 a.m. drivers may be sleepy or trying to make up for lost time. Stay aware and try to get an early start.From 4:00 p.m. to 7:00 p.m. drivers may be thinking about getting home and work stresses. Don’t let the cars around you control your driving. RELAX and adjust to a SAFE speed.
30Winter Driving Tips “Peephole” driving. What’s the hurry? Leave early and take it slow.Reduce your speed, especially on bridges, which may freeze before the road does.Avoid un-necessary stops. You may loose momentum and/or control.Increase the distance between you and the car in front of you by at least 4 seconds to give yourself adequate time to stop.
31SpeedThe chance of death or serious injury doubles for every 10 miles per hour over 50 miles per hour that a vehicle travels.One mile per hour is approximately 1.5 feet per second. Therefore, a vehicle traveling 60 miles per hour is covering 90 feet per second.
32Drive with your headlights on !! Although not the law, driving with your low-beam headlights on during daylight hours makes you much more visible to other drivers.
33Safety Belts and restraints In 1995, if every person in the front passenger seat had buckled up, an additional 9835 deaths could have been prevented.
34Seat belt mythsHow many of these myths have you heard ?I don’t need a safety belt when I’m traveling at low speeds or going on a short trip.More than 80 percent of all motor vehicle crashes occur at speeds less than 40 MPH and within 25 miles from home.
35Seat belt myths How many of these myths have you heard ? I’m uncomfortable and too confined when I wear a safety belt.Safety belts are designed to allow you to reach necessary driving controls. The newer shoulder belt retractors give you even more freedom.
36Seat belt mythsHow many of these myths have you heard ?I might be saved if I’m thrown clear of a car in a crash.The fact is that your chances of being killed are FOUR times greater if you’re thrown from a car.
37ALWAYS WEAR YOUR SEAT BELT “IT’S THE LAW” BOTTOM LINEALWAYS WEAR YOUR SEAT BELT“IT’S THE LAW”
38Driving Safety Caravans Be mindful of your distance between vehicles Both vehicles should know where they are going2-way radio for all vehicles and cellular phone for leader on multi-vehicle trips.Obey all laws, signs and speed limits.
39Van FactsA speed that may be acceptable in a passenger car could be dangerous in a van.You should fill the front seats first. The center of gravity shifts to the rear and upward increasing the likelihood of rollover as capacity increases.Soft shoulders and culverts pose a hazard in rural areas.The shift in the center of gravity will also increase the potential for loss of control in panic maneuvers.
40Van FactsVans have an increased rollover risk under certain conditionsThe risk of rollover increases dramatically as the number of occupants increases from fewer than five occupants to over ten passengers.Vans (with 10 or more occupants) had a rollover rate in single vehicle crashes that is nearly 3 x the rate of those that were lightly loaded.
41Van FactsLoading vans causes the center of gravity to shift rearward and upward increasing the likelihood of rollover. Shift in the center of gravity will also increase the potential for loss of control in panic maneuvers.It is important that the van be operated by experienced drivers. They should understand and be familiar with the handling principles of their vans, especially when fully loaded.
42Van FactsAny load placed on the roof will be above the center of gravity of the vehicle and will increase the likelihood of rolling over.
43Vehicle Accidents Relax Never leave the scene of an accident. Take a photo or two of the accident with site camera.Report the accident to the police.Never admit fault.Gather all the facts (date, time, witnesses, phone numbers, etc.)Immediately report all accidents to your advisor Shawna Ross.
44Vehicle Accidents Final Thought… Responsibility to others in your vehicleTheir loved onesResponsibility to yourselfYour loves onesResponsibility to the General Public
45Drive safely to ensure your family,friends and yourself that you’ll return home safely. 'Tis the Season - But Please Remember:Friends Don’t let friends drink and drive!